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William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

William Petty (1623–1687) was a founding figure in the history of social science, an architect of English colonial power in Ireland, and a champion of the new empirical and mechanical philosophy at ... More


Richard Cantillon's Background

Antoin E. Murphy

in Richard Cantillon: Entrepreneur and Economist

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286820
eISBN:
9780191596681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286821.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Cantillon's genealogy is re‐examined and Ballyheigue, County Kerry shown to be his birthplace. He was probably born between 1680 and 1690, and not, as incorrectly written by Hone, in 1697.


Epilogue: From Petty to Marx

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This brief epilogue considers perhaps the most important episode in Petty's posthumous subsumption into the disciplinary history of economics, which remains the chief basis of his fame today: his ... More


Introduction: William Petty and Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter introduces William Petty and his invention, political arithmetic, setting both in historiographical perspective. It discusses the particular challenges posed by Petty's voluminous ... More


The Economy, 1780–1815

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Sir William Petty (1623–87) is best remembered by Irish economic historians for his estimates of population and income and by geographers for his maps and surveys. In both fields he was a pioneer, ... More


The Public Good

Paul Slack

in From Reformation to Improvement: Public Welfare in Early Modern England

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206613
eISBN:
9780191677243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206613.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

The Poor Man's Friend was one of a dozen tracts published between 1645 and 1653, all concerned with the problem of poverty, and all employing the same language to the same kinds of ... More


Introduction: The Genesis of Macroeconomics

Antoin E. Murphy

in The Genesis of Macroeconomics: New Ideas from Sir William Petty to Henry Thornton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543229
eISBN:
9780191715709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543229.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter traces the development of macroeconomics. Macroeconomics received its initial impetus from Sir William Petty, who attempted to measure, for the first time, the wealth and ... More


Conclusion: New Ideas from Fascinating People

Antoin E. Murphy

in The Genesis of Macroeconomics: New Ideas from Sir William Petty to Henry Thornton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543229
eISBN:
9780191715709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543229.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, History of Economic Thought

This chapter begins with a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters, which detailed the considerable legacy selected 17th- to early 19th-century writers left to macroeconomics. Drawing ... More


Epilogue and Conclusions

Peter Elmer

in The Miraculous Conformist: Valentine Greatrakes, the Body Politic, and the Politics of Healing in Restoration Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199663965
eISBN:
9780191745379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663965.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter charts the life of Greatrakes from his return to Ireland in 1666 until his death in 1683, focusing on his continuing relationship with radical groups such as the Muggletonians, as well ... More


Numeracy in Epidemiology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a historical background on the application for population counts in epidemiology. In 1662, the London haberdasher John Graunt (1620–1674) published a slender book that was to be ... More


Restoration

David Brown

in Empire and Enterprise: Money, Power and the Adventurers for Irish Land during the British Civil Wars

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781526131997
eISBN:
9781526152107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526132000.00014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter opens with the Adventurers’ breach with Oliver Cromwell over his intention to use most of the confiscated Irish land to settle debts due to the army in Ireland. The disagreement came to ... More


Shelburne

Richard Whatmore

in Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans: The Genevans and the Irish in Time of Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691168777
eISBN:
9780691197470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168777.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter turns to the second Earl of Shelburne, William Petty. He was referred to as Lord Shelburne during his life, and by his many antagonists as ‘Malagrida’, after the notorious Portuguese ... More


Florence Petty

Ellen Ross

in Slum Travelers: Ladies and London Poverty, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249059
eISBN:
9780520940055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249059.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on Florence Petty, who was associated with the St. Pancras School for Mothers, founded in 1907 primarily as a clinic and school for “mothercraft” for the poor population in ... More


Engineering Culture and the Civilizing Mission: William Petty and the New Science in Ireland

Patrick Carroll

in Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter focuses on the relationship between engine science and government with respect to philosophy, colonial statecraft, and the civilizing mission. It notes that Hobbes was among the first to ... More


Engineering the Data State: Scopes, Meters, and Graphs

Patrick Carroll

in Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter develops the concept of the “data state”—a condition of being governed by number. It notes that government by number emerges from “political anatomy” and “political arithmetic.” It ... More


Bio-population: The Science of Policing Natural and Political Bodies

Patrick Carroll

in Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter explores the links between “public health” and “medical police,” demonstrating the inaccuracy of the widely held belief that public health displaced medical police in the nineteenth ... More


Population: Modes of Seventeenth-Century Demographic Thought

Ted McCormick

in Mercantilism Reimagined: Political Economy in Early Modern Britain and Its Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199988532
eISBN:
9780199369997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988532.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, History of Ideas

English thought about the political economy of population witnessed three distinct phases in the early modern period. In the first, stretching from the early sixteenth century through the early ... More


In the End: Shchedrin, Sologub, and Terminal Provinciality

Anne Lounsbery

in Life Is Elsewhere: Symbolic Geography in the Russian Provinces, 1800-1917

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501747915
eISBN:
9781501747946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747915.003.0011
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter shows how, in the nineteenth-century discourse of provintsiia, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin and Fyodor Sologub act as end points. They evoke what one might call a “terminal provinciality.” ... More


Taking Notes in Samuel Hartlib's Circle

Richard Yeo

in Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106564
eISBN:
9780226106731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226106731.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the massive surviving set of papers collected by the Prussian émigré, Samuel Hartlib. These include his diaries, and the letters and documents generated by the network of ... More


William Petty and Political Arithmetic: The Origins of GDP

Philipp Lepenies

in The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231175104
eISBN:
9780231541435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175104.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Describes how in the 17th century, the Englishman William Petty proposed the idea of "political arithmetic" - i.e. the notion that rulers should base their political decisions on numbers and ... More


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