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Fine Distinctions: Some Rejoinders to Quentin Skinner's Attacks on the Modern Doctrine of Negative Liberty

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Delineates the principal ideas that make up my theory of freedom as negative liberty. Raises a number of challenges to positive-liberty theories and to the civic-republican conception of freedom, ... More


Individual Freedom: Constraints

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In order to show that freedom is (at least theoretically) measurable, one must show that the different kinds of constraint on freedom (physical impossibility, threats, difficulty) can be aggregated ... More


Group Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The freedom of a group of individuals is best understood as the sum of the degrees of freedom of its individual members. G. A. Cohen has opposed this view, arguing that a group (e.g. the proletariat) ... More


Welfare to work and the republican theory of non-domination

Anja Eleveld

in Welfare to Work in Contemporary European Welfare States: Legal, Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives on Justice and Domination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447340010
eISBN:
9781447340164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340010.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines how the republican theory of non-domination can be used for a normative analysis of WTW relationships. It is argued that Lovett’s conception of non-domination captures some of ... More


Clarifications and Responses to Objections

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to a variety of objections, including the following: that the account is not really consequentialist; that it gives too much priority to states as the guarantors of human ... More


Aesthetic Essentialism

Peter Lamarque

in Work and Object: Explorations in the Metaphysics of Art

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577460
eISBN:
9780191722998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577460.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a key thesis: Some aesthetic properties are possessed essentially by some works of art. This thesis (individual- or I-essentialism) is distinguished from other essentialist ... More


Republicanism and Crime

Richard Dagger

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter looks to the republican tradition of political thought for guidance in unravelling the problems that surround the analysis and practice of criminal law. It argues that republicanism can ... More


Causal Theories and Conceptual Analyses

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers two other rival accounts of normative statements. First, it considers the account of ‘Cornell moral realism’ which is based on applying the causal theory of reference to ... More


Rationality: Crossing the Fault Lines?

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the relation between the different dimensions of rationality. Previous chapters have argued that decision theory cannot be developed in a way that will satisfy the requirements ... More


Global Response Dependency and Worldmaking *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

‘Worldmaking’ is the antirealist doctrine that we make the known world with our concepts. It is Constructivism without a commitment to relativism. This chapter considers the relation between ... More


The Myth of Penal Populism

Albert W. Dzur

in Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199874095
eISBN:
9780199980024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199874095.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Criminal justice scholars such as Bottoms and Pratt argue that citizen participation has played a decisive role in the expansionary penal state. Their “penal populism” thesis is exemplified by the ... More


Rules, Reasons, and Norms

Philip Pettit

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251872
eISBN:
9780191598227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The essays selected here come in three packages. The first set of essays is concerned with the rule‐following, response‐dependent character of thought; the second, with the many factors to which ... More


Contesting the Common Good: T. H. Green and Contemporary Republicanism

Colin Tyler (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter establishes that Green's republicanism overcomes the limitations of contemporary philosophical attempts to reinvigorate the republican tradition. Green avoids the contemporary dichotomy ... More


The Location Problem for Ethics: Moral Properties and Moral Content

Frank Jackson

in From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250616
eISBN:
9780191597787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives an account of what cognitivism in ethics is and argues that the a priori global nature of the supervenience of the ethical on the descriptive requires cognitivists in ethics to ... More


Beyond the Orthodox Definition of Hope

Adrienne M. Martin

in How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a series of challenge cases for the orthodox definition of hope—cases that show this definition cannot distinguish strong hopes for highly unlikely outcomes from either weaker ... More


Linguistic Naturalism

Joshua Gert

in Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and defends the general method to be used throughout the book. It is inspired by the later Wittgenstein, and draws heavily on developments of the Wittgensteinian view offered by ... More


Space, Time, and Chemistry: Making Enlightenment “Photography” in the 1860s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers how late-eighteenth-century chemical replicas after chemically unstable academic paintings were rediscovered in the early 1860s. Seeking to acquire a prototype of James Watt’s ... More


Exit Left: Markets and Mobility in Republican Thought

Robert S. Taylor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198798736
eISBN:
9780191839504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198798736.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

How can citizens best protect themselves from the arbitrary power of abusive spouses, tyrannical bosses, and corrupt politicians? Exit Left makes the case that in each of these three spheres the ... More


‘Dominion’ and Censure

Andrew von Hirsch and Andrew Ashworth

in Censure and Sanctions

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262411
eISBN:
9780191682339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262411.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Among recent critiques of the desert model is one by a sociologist and a philosopher, John Braithwaite and Phillip Pettit. They consider the whole idea of sentences apportioned to the gravity of ... More


The Tension between Law and Politics in the Modern Republican Tradition

Marco Geuna

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the modern republican tradition and how thinkers from Niccolò Machiavelli to the authors of The Federalist conceived of the relationship and inevitable tensions between law and ... More


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