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Harming People in Peter Unger’s Living High and Letting Die

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peter Unger has tried to show that relying on intuitive judgments is a worthless methodology for finding principles, and he has also offered a novel approach to the Trolley Problem. Unger, however, ... More


Alternatives

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Accounts of personal identity that are grounded in experiential continuity are by no means new. This chapter compares the merits of C-theory with some of its competitors. According to one tradition, ... More


Taking Scepticism Seriously

Barry Stroud

in Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stroud reviews Peter Unger's Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism in detail. Stroud describes Unger as attempting to demonstrate the compatibility of de facto scepticism with human agency and thought and ... More


Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The author of this book is an ethical theorist working in philosophy today. She is known for her brand of analysis, largely in defense of a nonconsequentialist perspective—the view that some actions ... More


Introduction

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is about nonconsequentialist ethical theory and some alternatives to it, either substantive or methodological. It explores nonconsequentialism and the Trolley Problem as well as particular ... More


Saving Strangers: Analysis of Intuitions

Fiona Woollard

in Doing and Allowing Harm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We are clearly required to aid others in some situations, for example if we see a child drowning in a pond. The Part III of the book explores the extent and limits of our obligations to aid. This ... More


Scorekeeping in a Language Game

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Sparked by the work of Robert Stalnaker, this paper integrates some of Lewis's views in formal semantics and formal pragmatics. Drawing an analogy with the practice of scorekeeping in baseball, Lewis ... More


If Oxfam Ran the World: PETER UNGER (1996), Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophical Interventions: Reviews 1986-2011

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199777853
eISBN:
9780190267612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews the book Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence (1996), by Peter Unger. Evidence suggests that there are big problems of human misery in the world, problems that ... More


Doing and Allowing Harm

Fiona Woollard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Doing harm seems much harder to justify than merely allowing harm. If a boulder is rushing towards Bob and stopping the boulder would cost you your life, you may refuse to stop the boulder. You may ... More


Saving Strangers: Duties to Prevent Harm

Fiona Woollard

in Doing and Allowing Harm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends the intuitions about cases analysed in Chapter 7. Morality must include a restricted requirement to aid. A criterion is needed to pick out a set of cases in which agents are ... More


Intuitive Expertise and Irrelevant Options

Joachim Horvath, Karina Meyer, and Alex Wiegmann

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Volume 3

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198852407
eISBN:
9780191886867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852407.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

In the ‘push-dilemma,’ a train is about to run over several people and can only be stopped by pushing a heavy person onto the tracks. Most lay people and moral philosophers consider the ... More


Absolute Necessity and Iterated Modality

Boris Kment

in Modality and Explanatory Reasoning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199604685
eISBN:
9780191758928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604685.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Peter Unger has argued that many adjectives, e.g., “empty,” are absolute terms: one can’t call a room empty and then add that another room is even emptier. The first part of Chapter 3 argues that the ... More


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