Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 22 items

  • Keywords: Peter Strawson x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Transcendental Arguments I

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by considering the aforementioned Stroudian critique of transcendental arguments. Some doubts are raised about whether Stroud has succeeded in giving a fully general argument ... More


For Want of Cognitively Defined Propositions: A History of Insights and Missed Philosophical Opportunities

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter chronicles the troubled history of propositions in the thought of Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein, Peter Strawson, and John Langshaw “J. L.” Austin. After noting the central role of ... More


Imperiled Compatibilist Approaches

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 defends the view that an alternative possibilities requirement for the truth of judgments of objective reasons threatens a variety of prominent compatibilist approaches, such as versions of ... More


Peter Strawson and the Facts of Agency

John Martin Fischer

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility, Volume 2: 'Freedom and Resentment' at 50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198722120
eISBN:
9780191789212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722120.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter contrasts the approach to moral responsibility of Peter Strawson and that of Fischer and Ravizza. Fischer and Ravizza are in agreement that moral responsibility does not require that a ... More


The Centrality of the Problem of Formalism

Fiona Hughes

in Kant's Aesthetic Epistemology: Form and World

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748621224
eISBN:
9780748652327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621224.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Immanuel Kant's critics claim that his insistence that the form of experience arises from our minds, finally makes the empirical world of objects dependent on a form of subjectivity. While Kant's ... More


Kantian Argument, Conceptual Capacities, and Invulnerability

Barry Stroud

in Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stroud reviews the problem of transcendental arguments in general and develops Peter Strawson's account of such arguments. Stroud attempts to make a case for ‘invulnerability’, an epistemological ... More


Towards a Social Conception of Persons

Bennett W. Helm

in Communities of Respect: Grounding Responsibility, Authority, and Dignity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198801863
eISBN:
9780191840425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801863.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This Chapter examines three sources of motivation for individualistic conceptions of persons (responsibility, identity, and practical rationality), all of which are in conceptual tension with the ... More


Psychopathic Resentment

John Deigh

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The egocentricity of psychopaths seems to be a plausible basis for assuming an incapacity regarding reactive attitudes. But the author refers to psychopathic characters drawn from films, who clearly ... More


Analogy, Metaphor, and Coherence

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be an existential hypothesis confirmable by empirical evidence only if the reference of the proper name ‘God’ can be spelled out in words that are mostly used literally. However, it is ... More


Reference and Definite Descriptions

Keith Donnellan, Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi

in Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199857999
eISBN:
9780190267667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199857999.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses definite descriptions, arguing that they have two possible functions and that failure to deal with this duality of function obscures the genuine referring use of definite ... More


Bad Blood: Vengeance and Hate’s Justification

Berit Brogaard

in Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190084448
eISBN:
9780190084479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084448.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In his landmark essay “Freedom and Resentment,” the philosopher Peter Strawson coined the term “reactive attitude” to refer to our emotional reactions to wrongdoing or acts of goodwill in the context ... More


The Significance of Psychopathic Wrongdoing1

Matthew Talbert

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter addresses the issue of responsibility in focussing on the possible reactions of people who are the targets of wrongdoing. Resentment is the characteristic feature of moral blame. We are ... More


Personhood in Twentieth- and Twenty-First-Century Anglophone Philosophy

Aaron Preston

in Persons: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190634384
eISBN:
9780190634421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634384.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter surveys the respective influences of personalism and of analytic philosophy on twentieth-century thought about persons. It shows that personalism promoted a concept of personhood that is ... More


Intention, Belief, Practical, Theoretical

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay argues against an approach—one I call cognitivism—that tries to understand synchronic plan rationality as, at bottom a matter of theoretical rationality of belief. This approach is taken ... More


Proper Names and Identifying Descriptions

Keith Donnellan, Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi

in Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199857999
eISBN:
9780190267667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199857999.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the principle of identifying descriptions and how it works. The principle states that the user of a proper name must be able to supply a set of identifying descriptions. It ... More


Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving

Berislav Marušić

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714040
eISBN:
9780191782497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714040.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This book is concerned with the question of how, as agents, we should take into account evidence when making a future-directed commitment. In particular, it addresses the following problem: suppose ... More


Persons as Things

Mark Schroeder

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198846253
eISBN:
9780191881398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846253.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Persons are things. We are biological creatures, things of flesh and blood, whose behavior is governed by the same principles that govern the behavior of any other social mammals, plus or minus the ... More


Introduction: The Planning Framework

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introduction explains the background for present concerns with a deeper understanding and defense of basic norms of plan rationality, both synchronic and diachronic. It gives an overview of the ... More


Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Michael E. Bratman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Our human capacity for planning agency plays central roles in the cross-temporal organization of our agency, in our acting and thinking together, and in our self-governance. Intentions can be ... More


Trusting against the Evidence

Berislav Marušić

in Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714040
eISBN:
9780191782497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714040.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers how a promisee could trust a promisor if she, the promisee, has evidence that there is a significant chance that the promisor won’t follow through. It defends the possibility ... More


View: