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Doctrinal Prologue

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter presents the theological context in which Melanchthon operated. The soteriologies of nine major figures in the western Christian tradition are given, with an emphasis on their ... More


Peter Lombard: Life and Works

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter depicts the life and works of medieval Christian thinker Peter Lombard. Historically speaking, almost nothing is known of his family and early years. The letter from St. Bernard to ... More


The Sentences, Book IV, Distinctions 1–42: On the Doctrine of Signs

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes the conception of the sacraments as a sign of Lombard's theological system. Since the sacraments owe their salvific force directly to Christ's exemplary virtue and charity, ... More


The Sentences, Book III: On the Incarnation of the Word

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Book III of the Peter Lombard's Book of Sentences. The purpose of this chapter is not a historical study of the controversies that surrounded the Book of Sentences before it ... More


THE Sentences, Book II: On the Creation of Things, and the Formation of Spiritual and Corporeal Entities, and Many Other Matters Pertaining to These

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Book II of Peter Lombard's Book of Sentences. In Book II, Peter Lombard presented his ideas with his usual sense of humility, recognizing the limits of the human mind in coming ... More


The Sentences, Book I: On the Mystery of the Trinity

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

To the modern reader, it might seem surprising that the Book of Sentences finds allusions to the Trinity in the Old Testament. Book 1 of the Sentence opens with the use/enjoyment distinction, with ... More


Conclusion: The Significance and Tradition of the Sentences

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter provides an overview on the work of great theologians who commented upon the Book of Sentences. Indeed, it elaborates upon Peter Lombard's heritage by attempting to present a ... More


  Christus Nesciens?: Was Christ Ignorant of the Day of Judgment?

Kevin Madigan

in The Passions of Christ in High-Medieval Thought: An Essay on Christological Development

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195322743
eISBN:
9780199785407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322743.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Arian writers made much of the blunt admission by Jesus that he was ignorant of the Day of Judgment. This chapter examines orthodox responses to the charge that this was proof of the inferiority ... More


The Filioque from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Although an uneasy peace was maintained in the years after Photius, during the tenth and eleventh centuries political, cultural, and religious factors rapidly drove East and West further part. The ... More


Introduction A Great Medieval Thinker?

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter begins with a discussion on the place of medieval Christian thinker Peter Lombard in the intellectual history of Christianity. Lombard was born between 1095 and 1100 in the region of ... More


The Sentences, Book IV, Distinctions 43–50: On the Resurrection and the Circumstances of Judgment

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In the Christian tradition, there have always been those eager to paint the last judgment and the events leading up to it in sensational and lurid colors. Peter Lombard's simple strategy in providing ... More


Prolegomena: The Fourth Lateran Council and its Tradition

Isabel Iribarren

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter introduces the doctrinal background to the controversy between Durandus of St Pourcain and his order, mainly those authors who ... More


Peter Lombard

Philipp W. Rosemann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Peter Lombard is best known as the author of a celebrated work entitled Book of Sentences, which for several centuries served as the standard theological textbook in the Christian West. It was the ... More


Peter Lombard

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Christian Theologies of the Sacraments: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814724323
eISBN:
9780814770634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter covers the sacramental theology of the scholastic theologian and bishop of Paris, Peter Lombard. Lombard’s Book of Sentences of the mid-twelfth century defined a sacrament as “a sign of ... More


From Story to System

Philipp W. Rosemann

in Peter Lombard

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155440
eISBN:
9780199849871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155440.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Religious texts seem to share a significant characteristic. They possess a narrative structure, as opposed to presenting a rational argument. This chapter analyzes how traditions develop around texts ... More


Augustinian Case Studies

Katrin Ettenhuber

in Donne's Augustine: Renaissance Cultures of Interpretation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609109
eISBN:
9780191729553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609109.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter outlines some of the most characteristic ways in which Donne absorbs, digests, and reworks Augustine's texts by presenting a series of case studies. It falls into two halves. The first ... More


Impotence Magic Enters the Academic World, 1100–1190

Catherine Rider

in Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282227
eISBN:
9780191713026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282227.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter traces how impotence magic found a recognized place in the canon law and theology of marriage. This happened because it was incorporated into two works that became standard university ... More


Necromancers, Confessions, and the Power of Demons: Theology, 1220–1400

Catherine Rider

in Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282227
eISBN:
9780191713026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282227.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter analyses the discussions of impotence magic in 13th- and 14th-century theology commentaries on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. It argues that the magical texts described in Chapter 5 ... More


Middle Ages to the Renaissance

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Rabbinical texts kept preexistence alive in the Jewish tradition (largely through the concept of the guf, or soul-treasury. Authorities like Peter Lombard and Aquinas declared against it. ... More


The Scholastic Exegesis of Prophecy

Brian FitzGerald

in Inspiration and Authority in the Middle Ages: Prophets and their Critics from Scholasticism to Humanism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198808244
eISBN:
9780191845956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808244.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter traces developments within the tradition of scholastic biblical exegesis that arose in the twelfth century. Focusing on the Psalms, a locus classicus for discussions of non-apocalyptic ... More


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