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Making Space for Darwin

Gerry Kearns

in Geopolitics and Empire: The Legacy of Halford Mackinder

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199230112
eISBN:
9780191696411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230112.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins to develop a critical perspective by paying attention to views quite contrary to Mackinder's, expressed by his contemporary — the geographer and political philosopher Peter ... More


Malthus or Mutualism?: Huxley, Kropotkin, and the Moral Meaning of Darwinism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In ‘The Struggle for Existence’ (1888) Huxley portrayed nature as a Malthusian gladiators arena in which only the strong survived. While this was the context from which humans had evolved, mankind ... More


Nihilism

Ruth Kinna

in Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748642298
eISBN:
9781474418690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Kropotkin's understanding of nihilism and uses his sympathetic account of the Russian movement to re-consider his approach to science. It shows how Kropotkin approached nihilism ... More


Ethical Anarchism

Mark Bevir

in The Making of British Socialism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150833
eISBN:
9781400840281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150833.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

One of the most distinctive features of ethical socialism was the place it gave to personal transformation and communal utopianism. This chapter explores the intersections between this type of ... More


Out with the Old, in with the New

Ruth Kinna

in Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748642298
eISBN:
9781474418690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines the idea of 'classical anarchism'. It presents a historiography of anarchism to illustrate the ways that assessments of Kropotkin's work have helped shape and articulate the ... More


Peter Kropotkin: Anarchist, Revolutionary, Dreamer

Oren Harman

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Evolution is a game of survival of the fittest, and to survive, organisms have to compete. But does competition always lead to a struggle between and within species, or can it also lead to ... More


From New Anarchism to Post-anarchism

Ruth Kinna

in Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748642298
eISBN:
9781474418690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines contemporary anarchist critiques of Kropotkin, especially post-anarchist analysis. It argues that science has become a byword to describe Kropotkin's political theory, providing ... More


The Historical Roots of Democratic Politics: Anarchism

Todd May

in The Political Thought of Jacques Rancière: Creating Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748635320
eISBN:
9780748671922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635320.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter demonstrates how anarchism anticipates the thought of active equality and how the concept of equality as it is elaborated clarifies difficulties in anarchist thought. It also argues that ... More


Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Ruth Kinna

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748642298
eISBN:
9781474418690
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book is designed to remove Peter Kropotkin from the framework of classical anarchism. By focusing attention on his theory of mutual aid, it argues that the classical framing distorts Kropotkin's ... More


Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Ruth Kinna

in Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748642298
eISBN:
9781474418690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter returns to the major theme of the book, Kropotkin's association with classical anarchism. It argues that the label is distorting of Kropotkin's work and that it sets up a caricature of ... More


Mutualism in the trenches: anarchism, militarism and the lessons of the First World War

Matthew S. Adams

in Anarchism, 1914-18: Internationalism, Anti-Militarism and War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784993412
eISBN:
9781526128188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993412.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the importance of the memory of the First World War to Herbert Read’s political thought, contextualising this process of memory formation through his interactions with two of ... More


Exilic Militancy

Constance Bantman

in The French Anarchists in London, 1880-1914: Exile and Transnationalism in the First Globalisation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318801
eISBN:
9781846317972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318801.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines exile politic: the central role of print propaganda as a vehicle for transnational activism, as well as the crucial question of the internationalisation of political ideologies ... More


Utopian Colonies: Doukhobors and Utopian Socialist Colonies

Barbara Arneil

in Domestic Colonies: The Turn Inward to Colony

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803423
eISBN:
9780191841606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803423.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines utopian colonies, beginning with an analysis of how they differ from labour and farm colonies. It could be argued that these colonies differ from the others because they are ... More


The Public’s Russia

KEITH NEILSON

in Britain and the Last Tsar: British Policy and Russia, 1894-1917

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204701
eISBN:
9780191676369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204701.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses public and popular views of Russian life, literature, and culture. Although there was generally a public revulsion against anarchists and nihilists, this was tempered by a ... More


Low Status in the Anglo-American World

James Q. Whitman

in Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide between America and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195182606
eISBN:
9780199850266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182606.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In the early 19th-century France, anarchists as political prisoners were granted with certain privileges. Because of this, Peter Kropotkin, one of the ... More


Motifs of Anarchism in Edith Wharton’s The Children

Ferdâ Asya

in Edith Wharton and Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062815
eISBN:
9780813051772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062815.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter explores Edith Wharton’s enactment of the removal of her childhood repressions in The Children—a novel of expatriate children banding together in anarchist solidarity against their ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Nineteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


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