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Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Stephen Ruzicka

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

The history of the Persian Empire in the west has been seen/presented largely in terms of Persian-Greek interactions. However, the fact that the Persians mounted ten campaigns against Egypt from the ... More


Xerxes: A Persian Life

Richard Stoneman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Xerxes, Great King of the Persian Empire from 486–465 B.C., has gone down in history as an angry tyrant full of insane ambition. The stand of Leonidas and the 300 against his army at Thermopylae is a ... More


The Persian Empire

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter provides an overview of the Persian Empire during Xerxes's reign. After ascending the throne, Xerxes set about the business of governing his empire. The Persian Empire had been founded ... More


You Are How You Eat: Food and Identity in the Post‐exilic Period

Nathan MacDonald

in Not Bread Alone: The Uses of Food in the Old Testament

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546527
eISBN:
9780191720215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546527.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The post-exilic period is often thought to see important developments in the food consciousness of the Israelites, usually in relation to the dietary laws. The importance of the dietary laws only ... More


An Enclosed Nation in Arzareth and Sambatyon

Zvi Ben‐Dor Benite

in The Ten Lost Tribes: A World History

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307337
eISBN:
9780199867868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307337.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes the development of the myth during the time of the Persian and Roman empires after the “sealing” of the Bible and, later, the destruction of temple in 70 CE. The return of the ... More


The Historical and Social Background: The Greco‐Persian World and Its Ancient Heritage

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In comparison with previous empires, the Persian Empire (550–330 b.c.e.) was exceptional in size, coordination, and humaneness. Equally exceptional was the contemporary blossoming of Greek culture. ... More


The Pre‐Islamic Heritage: Mazûn and the Arabization of Arabia

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism: Origins and Early Development in Oman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588268
eISBN:
9780191595400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter continues with the pre-Islamic period and explains the tribal background with which the Imamate had to come to terms on Oman, its role in the Yaman–Nizâr civil war, and the alienation of ... More


To Egypt: Preparations and Campaign, 391–387

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

The first fourth-century Persian attack on Egypt most likely took place in 390/89–388/7. Security arrangements, in place by 391/0, involved use of Athens’ new fleet to deter any Spartan initiative in ... More


The saints’ inactivity post mortem: Soul sleep and the cult of saints east of the Euphrates

Matthew Dal Santo

in Debating the Saints’ Cult in the Age of Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646791
eISBN:
9780199949939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646791.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that the anxieties about the propriety and plausibility of the saints’ cult visible in the Latin and Greek material discussed in earlier chapters was also present east of the ... More


Invasion (II): The Wooden Walls

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's invasion of Greece, with Athens as his main target. Xerxes remained confident despite the battering of his fleet and his considerable losses at Thermopylae. Training ... More


Introduction: Nature's Bulwark

Charles King

in The Ghost of Freedom: A History of the Caucasus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177756
eISBN:
9780199870127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177756.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The introduction describes the geographical setting of the Caucasus, highlighting the region's diversity, from high mountains peaks to arid steppe. It discusses the major ethnic, linguistic, and ... More


Introduction

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book presents a biography of Xerxes (Khshayarsha, ca. 518–465 B.C.), ruler of the Persian Empire from 486 to 465 B.C. Xerxes does not have a glowing reputation among both historians and ... More


The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion

Mark Munn

Michael Rose (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243491
eISBN:
9780520931589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243491.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Among maternal deities of the Greek pantheon, the Mother of the Gods was a paradox. She is variously described as a devoted mother, a chaste wife, an impassioned lover, and a virgin daughter; she is ... More


Accession

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's accession to the throne as king of the Persian Empire, replacing his father Darius I (the Great). It begins with a background on Darius's rise to power; he had become ... More


Greco‐Persian Features: Theological Inquiry, Codification, and Historiography

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Greco‐Persian culture encouraged theological inquiry, codification of law, and a transition from epic poetry to prose historiography. Wide‐ranging pioneering histories were written by Hecataeus, ... More


State Communications in the Persian Empire

Amélie Kuhrt

in State Correspondence in the Ancient World: From New Kingdom Egypt to the Roman Empire

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199354771
eISBN:
9780199354795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354771.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The sources for state communication in the Persian Empire (c. 550–330 BC) are varied and informative but actual correspondence is scarce. This chapter discusses the primary sources, including the ... More


The Image of a King

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's image as king of the Persian Empire. Everything Xerxes did, at least in public and often in private, was directed at establishing his status as representative of the ... More


The Religion of Xerxes

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's religion, with particular emphasis on his mission to establish Zoroastrianism at the expense of all other religions. According to Shahnameh, Xerxes is a strongly ... More


The Mother of the Gods and Persian Sovereignty

Mark Munn

in The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243491
eISBN:
9780520931589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243491.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter reviews the evidence for the Persian appropriation of symbols of Lydian sovereignty, beginning with earth and water. These elemental symbols of the basis of life prove to be part of the ... More


The Impact of the Persian Wars on Classical Greece 1

P. J. Rhodes

in Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279678
eISBN:
9780191707261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279678.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final ... More


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