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The Pluralist Architecture of World Politics

Robert Jackson

in The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199262014
eISBN:
9780191601033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262012.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the important events surrounding the Peace of Westphalia, which marked the end of the solidarist Middle Ages and the beginning of the pluralist era of modern state-centred ... More


The Thirty Years War, 1618–1648

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume I: Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia, 1493-1648

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198731016
eISBN:
9780191730870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198731016.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This section argues that the Thirty Years War was not inevitable and that it was fundamentally a struggle over the German constitution; ultimately, all German rulers including the emperor had a ... More


The Importance of Grotius in the Study of International Relations

Hedley Bull

in Hugo Grotius and International Relations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277712
eISBN:
9780191598890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277717.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The work of Grotius is one of the great landmarks in modern thinking about international relations, and has lost none of its importance. Grotius, a major intellectual figure of Europe, was a leading ... More


The Westphalian Conception of International Society

David Armstrong

in Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198275282
eISBN:
9780191598739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198275285.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

‘International society’ is a term that has been used in several different senses, three of which are considered here: ‘universal society’, ‘great community of mankind’ (as elaborated by Grotius), and ... More


Classical Enforcement Theory

Mary Ellen O'Connell

in The Power and Purpose of International Law: Insights from the Theory and Practice of Enforcement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368949
eISBN:
9780199871100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368949.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Understanding the role of enforcement in establishing international law as law begins with the Just War Doctrine. Grotius, the father of international law, included the Doctrine's basic precepts in ... More


The Extension of the State

Stuart Elden

in The Birth of Territory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226202563
eISBN:
9780226041285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter begins with a detailed discussion of some unjustly neglected thinkers of the early seventeenth century whose work was integral to thinking through the political and geographical legacy ... More


Order in the Age of Great Power Politics

Kyle M. Lascurettes

in Orders of Exclusion: Great Powers and the Strategic Sources of Foundational Rules in International Relations

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190068547
eISBN:
9780190068585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190068547.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 (“Order in the Age of Great Power Politics”) assesses the first three cases of order change opportunity. In two of these instances—the Westphalian settlements after the Thirty Years’ War in ... More


The Peace Congress of Münster and Osnabrück (1643–1648) and the Westphalian Order (1648–1806)

Patrick Milton, Michael Axworthy, and Brendan Simms

in Towards A Westphalia for the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947897
eISBN:
9780190055912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947897.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter focuses on the Peace of Westphalia, a result of the first multilateral peace congress, which ended most of the numerous sets of conflict constituting the Thirty Years War (the ... More


Executive Power of the European Union: Law, Practices, and the Living Constitution

Deirdre Curtin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199264087
eISBN:
9780191718281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264087.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The picture of Brussels-based bureaucrats exercising wide-ranging, arbitrary executive powers with no accountability is one of the favourite images conjured by Eurosceptics across the political ... More


Cerberus: Rethinking Grotius and the Westphalian System

José-Manuel Barreto

in International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198795575
eISBN:
9780191836893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795575.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Relying on a reinterpretation of Grotius and the Peace of Westphalia, this chapter proposes that not only the state, but also the empire, and the company are full subjects of international law; this ... More


On the threshold of the state

Annabel S. Brett

in Changes of State: Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141930
eISBN:
9781400838622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141930.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This introductory chapter provides a background of the conflicted relationship between nature and the city—the fraught intersection of the political and the natural world—in the natural law discourse ... More


Introduction: The Concept of the State in International Relations

Peter Stirk

in The Concept of the State in International Relations: Philosophy, Sovereignty and Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748693627
eISBN:
9781474408721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693627.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter first discusses the development of the concepts of state and sovereignty in international relations. It goes on to examine the concept of cosmopolitanism and the application ... More


Time, World, and Secularism

Craig Calhoun

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter argues that we need to see secularism as a presence, something we need to think through, rather than merely the absence of religion. Secularism, it contends, is informed by a long ... More


Towards A Westphalia for the Middle East

Patrick Milton, Michael Axworthy, and Brendan Simms

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947897
eISBN:
9780190055912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947897.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

It was the original forever war, which went on interminably, fueled by religious fanaticism, personal ambition, fear of hegemony, and communal suspicion. It dragged in all the neighboring powers. It ... More


Europe and peace

Romano Prodi

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719087936
eISBN:
9781781707616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087936.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that although the European Union can be seen in many ways above all else it stands for the fostering and flourishing of peace. It explores the historical context in Europe, ... More


Introduction

Luca Scholz

in Borders and Freedom of Movement in the Holy Roman Empire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198845676
eISBN:
9780191880797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845676.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

In the politically dense and fractured landscape of the Holy Roman Empire, safe conduct provided a key framework for negotiating freedom of movement and its restriction. The introduction sets out how ... More


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