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Evaluative Conditioning: A Review of Functional Knowledge and Mental Process Theories

Jan De Houwer

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Pavlovian conditioning can be defined as a change in behavior that is due to the pairing of stimuli. Evaluative conditioning is a subclass of Pavlovian conditioning effects in that it refers to the ... More


Basic Learning Mechanisms: Pavlovian Conditioning in Mental Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The second chapter focuses on basic learning mechanisms and specifically on Pavlovian conditioning and its relevance for mental disorder. Pavlovian conditioning has been implicated in addictive ... More


Behavioral Techniques to Reduce Relapse After Exposure Therapy

Mario A. Laborda, Bridget L. McConnell, and Ralph R. Miller

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Pavlovian phenomena have long served as models for the etiology, treatment, and relapse from treatment of diverse disorders (e.g., phobias, addictions). Here, the chapter briefly reviews Pavlovian ... More


The reinforcement memory systems of early animals

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The reinforcement memory systems evolved early in the history of animals. Through these ancient mechanisms, animals can remember which actions in which circumstances produced benefits or avoided ... More


Classical conditioning, drug cues and drug addiction

Steven Glautier

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the way drug use can be thought of in terms of classical conditioning, the ways in which conditioning processes are thought to affect drug taking behaviour, and the ... More


Beastly brains: To have and have not

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, a brainless cockroach has a shocking experience; a giant anemone eats a lawyer; and a drunken sailor considers the danger of dead bees. But mainly we consider the kinds of memories ... More


The Impact of Social Cognition on Emotional Learning: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Andreas Olsson

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0152
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses human emotional learning in social situations, bridging the research literatures on emotional learning and social cognition. It begins by relating basic research on ... More


Amnesia and the Hippocampal Memory System

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Studies on the amnesic patient H.M. began the modern era of the cognitive neuroscience of memory. These studies, and other case studies, showed that damage limited to the hippocampal region results ... More


Emotional Memory Processing: Synaptic Connectivity

Joseph E. LeDoux and Valérie Doyère

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter examines what is currently known about the neural basis of fear memory, emphasizing implicit, unconscious emotional memory. It discusses how fear memories are acquired, consolidated, and ... More


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