Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-17 of 17 items

  • Keywords: Pauli exclusion principle x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Problem of Identical Particles

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Do the properties of a compound or aggregate supervene on the properties of its parts? Theories that imply a negative answer (or the states they attribute) are called ’holistic’. Besides the EPR ... More


The Electronic Structure of Atoms

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter starts off with an in-depth discussion on the angular and radial functions of the hydrogenic orbitals. Then the ground 1s 2 and the excited 1s ... More


Heisenberg’s Derivation of the Pauli Exclusion Principle: The Stability of Matter and the Periodic Table

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Despite the success of Schrödinger’s description of the H-atom, it became apparent that the spectrum of the simplest multi-electron atom—helium—could not be so readily explained. And the spectra of ... More


Symmetries and Conservation Laws

Yemima Ben-Menahem

in Causation in Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174938
eISBN:
9781400889297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174938.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how symmetry principles—despite their a priori appearance—function as causal constraints through their conceptual relation with conservation laws. It first provides an overview ... More


Atomic and Molecular Structure

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter assesses some applications drawn from atomic and molecular structure. It deals with the structures of the lighter atoms and the simplest molecule, molecular hydrogen. The main ... More


ION TRANSPORT IN SUPERFLUID 3HE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

For T < 2.73 mK, liquid 3He becomes superfluid because of the formation of atomic Cooper pairs. The Pauli exclusion principle keeps atoms at a distance from each other so that the pair has non ... More


Nuclear Lattice Model and the Electronic Configuration of the Chemical Elements

Jozsef Garai

in Mendeleev to Oganesson: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Periodic Table

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190668532
eISBN:
9780197559765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190668532.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In the earliest days of science researchers were arguing philosophically what might be the reasonable explanation for an observed phenomenon. The majority of the contemporary scientific community ... More


NEGATIVE IONS IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE FOR T < 1 K

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the studies of the electron bubble mobility in normal liquid 3He. The high temperature measurements are extended into the milliKelvin range down to the superfluid transition at ... More


Richardson-Gaudin Exact Solution

Monique Combescot and Shiue-Yuan Shiau

in Excitons and Cooper Pairs: Two Composite Bosons in Many-Body Physics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753735
eISBN:
9780191815287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753735.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 10 deals with the exact solution to the BCS problem, as obtained by analytically solving Richardson-Gaudin equations. The chapter first provides a simple derivation of these equations and ... More


Atomic Origins of Magnetism

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A semi-classical formulation to calculate atomic magnetic moments, including some essential concepts of quantum mechanics, is presented. Electrons in orbit are defined by four quantum numbers, to ... More


The Fermi Level: Electrical Properties

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Fermi level is the maximum energy of the electrons in a material. Effectively there is a Fermi equation: EF = Emax. This chapter examines the discrete electron energy levels in individual atoms ... More


Dirac Notation and Transformation Theory

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 1 opens with a brief review of some basic features of quantum mechanics, including the Schrödinger equation, linear and angular momentum and the theory of the hydrogenic atom: It also ... More


Atoms of Matter and Energy

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Perhaps the greatest scientific achievement of antiquity, possibly of all time, was the realization of the atomic nature of matter. “There are but atoms and the void,” Democritus proposed. And he ... More


Identical Particles and Second Quantization: Occupation Number Representation

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Focusing on systems of many identical particles, Chapter 2 introduces appropriate operators to describe their properties in terms of Schwinger’s “measurement symbols.” The latter are then factorized ... More


Reception and Early Use of the Periodic System: The Case of Denmark

Helge Kragh

in Early Responses to the Periodic System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190200077
eISBN:
9780197559468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200077.003.0018
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

In this essay I examine how the periodic system or table was introduced in Denmark in the late nineteenth century, how it was used in chemical textbooks, and the way it was developed by a few of ... More


The Bogoliubov Approach

Monique Combescot and Shiue-Yuan Shiau

in Excitons and Cooper Pairs: Two Composite Bosons in Many-Body Physics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753735
eISBN:
9780191815287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753735.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 8 deals with the Bogoliubov approach to the BCS problem. This approach is of fundamental interest because it gives a mathematical support to the BCS ansatz, which was simply proposed by ... More


Bosons and Fermions: Indistinguishable Particles with Intrinsic Spin

Duncan G. Steel

in Introduction to Quantum Nanotechnology: A Problem Focused Approach

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192895073
eISBN:
9780191924149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895073.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

If we imagine a Hamiltonian, H^(r1,r2), describing two identical particles at positions r1 and r2 and then we interchange the particles, the Hamiltonian will be unaffected, i.e. H^(r1,r2)=H^(r2,r1). ... More


View: