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Broca's Region

Yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Broca's region has been in the news ever since scientists realized that particular cognitive functions could be localized to parts of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the ... More


Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud was the most ardent supporter of cortical localization in the cerebral cortex during the second quarter of the 19th century. He found support from his son-in-law Simon ... More


Comments Regarding the Seat of the Faculty of Spoken Language, Followed by an Observation of Aphemia (Loss of Speech) (1861)

Paul Broca

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents some work by Paul Broca. Modern neuropsychology is believed to have begun when Paul Broca delivered a short presentation at the Anthropological Society of Paris in 1861. This ... More


Measuring Bodies and Identifying Racial Types: Physical Anthropology, c. 1860–1880

Peter Cryle and Elizabeth Stephens

in Normality: A Critical Genealogy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226483863
eISBN:
9780226484198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226484198.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

One of the key purposes of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris, established in 1859, was to build a science of hereditary normality. The favoured procedure was to constitute statistically ordered ... More


Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Stanley Finger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5,000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of “the marrow of the ... More


Introduction: A Voyage Across Time

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book examines how Western ideas about the brain emerged and developed by focusing on discoveries in the fields of neurology, anatomy, and physiology. It shows that new ideas have sometimes split ... More


Pioneers and Discoveries in the Brain Sciences

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book has shown how little was known about the brain during the time of the unidentified but observant physician from Egypt's Third Dynasty, when Galen began his experimentalism in Rome, when ... More


Handedness, cerebral lateralization, and the evolution of language

I. C. McManus

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Paul Broca observed that in a series of patients with aphasia, a condition which causes a loss of language, there was a concomitant paralysis of the right side of the body. At first it was often ... More


Medical Constructions of Race: Biological Determinism and Anthropological Pluralism

Michael A. Osborne

in The Emergence of Tropical Medicine in France

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226114521
eISBN:
9780226114668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226114668.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter evaluates historical scholarship on French race theory by examining the ideas of physicians with colonial experience in Africa and elsewhere. It argues against the idea that the rise of ... More


A Rightful Place in History

Stanley Finger

in Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190464622
eISBN:
9780190464646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464622.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Gall’s craniology would not withstand the test of time, and how he accepted confirmatory cases and dismissed contradictory evidence would increasingly be regarded as poor science. As a consequence, ... More


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