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Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Susan P. Shapiro

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Seventy percent of Americans age 60 or over requiring decisions about medical treatment in the final days of life lack capacity to make these decisions. The biggest life-and-death decisions of their ... More


Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Ernst Waltraud (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This edited book offers a systematic critical appraisal of the uses of work and work therapy in psychiatric institutions across the globe, from the late eighteenth to the end of the twentieth ... More


Therapeutic work and mental illness in America, c. 1830–1970

Ben Harris

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows the key role played by patient labour in the birth, development, and decline of the hospital treatment of the mentally ill in the United States. Patient labour was present at the ... More


Between therapeutic instrument and exploitation of labour force: Patient work in rural asylums in Württemberg, c. 1810–1945

Thomas Müller

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on rural asylums in south Germany, the former kingdom of Wuerttemberg. Various forms of patient work in psychiatric institutions are discussed in relation to their varied ... More


Lyme disease politics and evidence‑based policy making in the UK

Kate Bloor

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0025
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

There are few ‘accepted’ approaches to dealing with tick- borne infections (including Lyme disease) that have not been challenged. This case study looks at my role in UK Lyme patient’s activism and ... More


The Patient Must Prescribe for the Doctor

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how the ideal of “doctor knows best” came under attack from multiple directions during the years between 1965 and 1975, leading one doctor to say that “the patient must ... More


An inductive perspective on bilingualism as interactional practices

Joseph Gafaranga

in Bilingualism as Interactional Practices

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748675951
eISBN:
9781474430463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748675951.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Research in code-switching, undertaken against the backdrop of very negative attitudes towards the concurrent use of two or more languages within the same conversation, has traditionally been geared ... More


Understanding the experience of illness and treatment

Angela Coulter

in Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665372
eISBN:
9780191748585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665372.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter serves as an introduction to the topic, including a brief outline of the history and development of the field. It argues that understanding patients’ experiences is a crucial element in ... More


Rights

Alex Mold

in Making the patient-consumer: Patient organisations and health consumerism in Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719095313
eISBN:
9781781708606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095313.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The aim of this chapter is to explore the broader meaning and application of rights talk in connection with health from the 1970s to the early 1990s. It begins by considering the various ways in ... More


Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820-1900

Catherine Cox

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719075032
eISBN:
9781781704769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075032.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This study uses the Carlow asylum district in the southeast of Ireland – comprised of counties Wexford, Kildare, Kilkenny and Carlow – to explore the ‘place of the asylum’ in the nineteenth century. ... More


The Preemption War in Congress

Thomas O. McGarity

in The Preemption War: When Federal Bureaucracies Trump Local Juries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122961
eISBN:
9780300152203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122961.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter describes the battles in Congress over recent efforts to pass legislation preempting state common law claims with respect to federally regulated products and activities. It highlights ... More


Holding Life and Death in Their Hands

Susan P. Shapiro

in Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Seventy percent of Americans age 60 or over requiring decisions about treatment in the final days of life lack capacity to make these decisions. The biggest life-and-death decisions of their ... More


Actors

Susan P. Shapiro

in Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter introduces health care providers in the ICU, patients, and especially their significant others. It depicts the misfortunes that brought patients to the ICU, their impact on patients’ ... More


Shaping the Irish asylum system

Catherine Cox

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719075032
eISBN:
9781781704769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075032.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter outlines the topography of provision for ‘pauper lunacy’ in Ireland examining the rationale behind the decision to introduce legislation in 1817 and assesses the relationship between ... More


Inside the asylums

Catherine Cox

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719075032
eISBN:
9781781704769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075032.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Drawing on asylum case histories, minute books and patients’ letters, this chapter provides some understanding of life in Enniscorthy and Carlow asylums for staff and patients by exploring the ... More


Psychiatrists and Their Patients:: Mirrored Narratives of Sanity and Madness

Vicky Long

in Destigmatising mental illness?: Professional politics and public education in Britain, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719085819
eISBN:
9781781706404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085819.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the efforts made by psychiatrists and patients to address the public and challenge the stigma attached to mental illness and its treatment. Analysing a selection of accounts ... More


Mad, bad and dangerous to know? Men, women and mental illness

Vicky Long

in Destigmatising mental illness?: Professional politics and public education in Britain, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719085819
eISBN:
9781781706404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085819.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that the image of the violent, chronically-ill male mental patient predominated throughout the twentieth century, and has played a pivotal role in debates on health care policy ... More


‘The Personal Touch’:: Voluntarism, The Public and Mental Illness

Vicky Long

in Destigmatising mental illness?: Professional politics and public education in Britain, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719085819
eISBN:
9781781706404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085819.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the interactions of voluntary, professional and state provision in the field of mental health throughout the period 1870 to 1970, focusing on the Mental After Care Association: ... More


Mental health nursing: the working lives of paid carers from 1800 to the 1990s

Anne Borsay and Pamela Dale

in Mental health nursing: The working lives of paid carers, 1800s-1900s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096938
eISBN:
9781781708637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096938.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the working lives of paid carers over two centuries. The emergence of modern nursing is usually dated to the mid-nineteenth century. Its complex ... More


Psychiatric nurses and their patients in the nineteenth century: the Irish perspective

Oonagh Walsh

in Mental health nursing: The working lives of paid carers, 1800s-1900s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096938
eISBN:
9781781708637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096938.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that psychiatric nurses were, like their medical colleagues, regarded in the nineteenth century with a measure of hostility within nursing as a whole. In Ireland nurses were ... More


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