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Rethinking Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures, 1820-1939

Claire L. Jones (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101426
eISBN:
9781526124166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101426.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Drawing together essays written by scholars from Great Britain and the United States, this book provides an important contribution to the emerging field of disability history. It explores the ... More


The Gilead Model and the Perspective of Big Pharma

Murphy Halliburton

in India and the Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals in the New Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713460
eISBN:
9781501713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713460.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Here this study takes into account the perspective of multinational pharmaceutical companies. I first discuss the difficulties I encountered in getting access to individuals from pharmaceutical ... More


The Determinants of Multinational Innovation in Emerging Economies

Patrick J. W. Egan

in Globalizing Innovation: State Institutions and Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Economies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037358
eISBN:
9780262344265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037358.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter considers innovation outcomes among multinational firms in emerging economies. A variety of econometric tests are conducted, in which innovation is predicted by different firm and ... More


Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bitter Roots is a history of drug discovery from plants across different African countries. It reconsiders the history of pharmaceutical patents, biopiracy, and bioprospecting to show that African ... More


Introduction: Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures

Claire L. Jones

in Rethinking Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures, 1820-1939

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101426
eISBN:
9781526124166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101426.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter provides an introduction to the commodification of prostheses in nineteenth and twentieth-century Britain and United States. By addressing some of the main processes used to commodify ... More


Orphan Drug Designations as Valuable Intangible Assets for IPO Investors in Pharma-Biotech Companies

Philippe Gorry and Diego Useche

in Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611068
eISBN:
9780226611235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611235.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Orphan Drug (OD) legislation has been implemented with regulatory and financial incentives to encourage the drug innovation in order to treat rare diseases. This study aims to test whether OD ... More


The Decline of the Chicago Studios

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on the decline of film studios in Chicago during the early twentieth century. The story of the decline of the major Chicago studios such as Essanay Film Manufacturing Company and ... More


The Edison Trust

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the role played by the Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC), also known as the Edison Trust, in the development of Chicago's film industry. Officially founded in December 1908, ... More


Royal Supremacy

in English Presbyterianism 1590–1640

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759878
eISBN:
9780804776936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759878.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the crown's supremacy over the Church of England. The presbyterians represented a continued challenge to supremacy by its subjection of the crown's authority to collective ... More


Toward Bioprosperity

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This history of African bioprospecting strengthens understandings of priority, locality, appropriation and benefits. The book indicates herbal preparations and pharmaceuticals have coexisted, as not ... More


Patents: The Holy Grail for Sustainable Development

Ranita Nagar

in Sustainable Development and India: Convergence of Law, Economics, Science, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199474622
eISBN:
9780199090990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474622.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Patents provide incentives to the individuals; in particular, the inventors deserve recognition for their creativity and material reward for their marketable inventions. The incentives encourage ... More


Indian Patent Law Declares Independence

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

in Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

After Independence in 1947 from the British, the new Indian government began to seriously examine the possibility and suitability of completely doing away with patents for pharmaceutical inventions. ... More


Intellectual Property

Billy A. Melo Araujo

in The EU Deep Trade Agenda: Law and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198753384
eISBN:
9780191815010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753384.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines intellectual property provisions included in EU free trade agreements. It describes the current regulatory framework for the regulation of intellectual property at WTO level, ... More


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