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Rethinking Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures, 1820-1939

Claire L. Jones (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101426
eISBN:
9781526124166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101426.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Drawing together essays written by scholars from Great Britain and the United States, this book provides an important contribution to the emerging field of disability history. It explores the ... More


Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bitter Roots is a history of drug discovery from plants across different African countries. It reconsiders the history of pharmaceutical patents, biopiracy, and bioprospecting to show that African ... More


Before the Age of Blockbuster Drugs

Jie Jack Li

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199737680
eISBN:
9780197563014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199737680.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Blockbuster drugs are drugs with annual sales over $1 billion these days. As a testimony of changing times, a blockbuster drug was defined as a drug with more than $500 million in annual sales just ... More


Introduction

Andrew A. Erish

in Vitagraph: America's First Great Motion Picture Studio

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780813181196
eISBN:
9780813181202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813181196.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Introduction addresses the relative lack of familiarity with Vitagraph among generations of cineastes, compared with the widespread popularity of production companies that followed in its wake. ... More


Chemists Who Work for the National Labs or Other Federal Agencies

Jeannette E. Brown

in African American Women Chemists in the Modern Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190615178
eISBN:
9780197559673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190615178.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Dr. Patricia Carter Sluby (Fig. 5.1) is a primary patent examiner retired from the US Patent and Trademark Office and formerly a registered patent agent. She is also the author of three books about ... More


Toward Bioprosperity

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This history of African bioprospecting strengthens understandings of priority, locality, appropriation and benefits. The book indicates herbal preparations and pharmaceuticals have coexisted, as not ... More


The Determinants of Multinational Innovation in Emerging Economies

Patrick J. W. Egan

in Globalizing Innovation: State Institutions and Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Economies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037358
eISBN:
9780262344265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037358.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter considers innovation outcomes among multinational firms in emerging economies. A variety of econometric tests are conducted, in which innovation is predicted by different firm and ... More


The Gilead Model and the Perspective of Big Pharma

Murphy Halliburton

in India and the Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals in the New Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713460
eISBN:
9781501713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713460.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Here this study takes into account the perspective of multinational pharmaceutical companies. I first discuss the difficulties I encountered in getting access to individuals from pharmaceutical ... More


The Decline of the Chicago Studios

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on the decline of film studios in Chicago during the early twentieth century. The story of the decline of the major Chicago studios such as Essanay Film Manufacturing Company and ... More


The Edison Trust

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the role played by the Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC), also known as the Edison Trust, in the development of Chicago's film industry. Officially founded in December 1908, ... More


Introduction: Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures

Claire L. Jones

in Rethinking Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures, 1820-1939

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101426
eISBN:
9781526124166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101426.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter provides an introduction to the commodification of prostheses in nineteenth and twentieth-century Britain and United States. By addressing some of the main processes used to commodify ... More


Orphan Drug Designations as Valuable Intangible Assets for IPO Investors in Pharma-Biotech Companies

Philippe Gorry and Diego Useche

in Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611068
eISBN:
9780226611235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611235.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Orphan Drug (OD) legislation has been implemented with regulatory and financial incentives to encourage the drug innovation in order to treat rare diseases. This study aims to test whether OD ... More


The Birth of an Industry: Setting the Stage for the Screen

Lisa Nanney

in John Dos Passos and Cinema

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781942954873
eISBN:
9781789629781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781942954873.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Film emerged rapidly both as an art and as an industry during the same years Dos Passos was maturing as an artist and absorbing the boundary-breaking creative potentials wrought by modernist ... More


Royal Supremacy

in English Presbyterianism 1590–1640

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759878
eISBN:
9780804776936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759878.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the crown's supremacy over the Church of England. The presbyterians represented a continued challenge to supremacy by its subjection of the crown's authority to collective ... More


Harvard and the real world

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0012
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Conant liked to recall that he became president of Harvard in the same year that Franklin D. Roosevelt became president of the United States and Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. The ... More


Governing the affluent university

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0015
Subject:
Education, History of Education

When Conant left the presidency in 1953, Harvard was still under the sway of its traditional soft-shoe, old boy administrative style. Pusey felt no great obligation to modernize governance. To the ... More


The faculty of arts and sciences

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0024
Subject:
Education, History of Education

The changes of style and sensibility in Harvard’s governance during the last third of the twentieth century had close parallels in the academic realm. The faculty, like the bureaucracy, became more ... More


The professional schools

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0025
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Harvard’s graduate and professional schools were where the tension between social responsibility and teaching the technical skills demanded by a complex society most fully emerged. The Graduate ... More


Patents: The Holy Grail for Sustainable Development

Ranita Nagar

in Sustainable Development and India: Convergence of Law, Economics, Science, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199474622
eISBN:
9780199090990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474622.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Patents provide incentives to the individuals; in particular, the inventors deserve recognition for their creativity and material reward for their marketable inventions. The incentives encourage ... More


1905–1908

Andrew A. Erish

in Vitagraph: America's First Great Motion Picture Studio

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780813181196
eISBN:
9780813181202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813181196.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter Two covers Vitagraph's return to production on a full-time basis, which began with relocating its studio from a rooftop in Manhattan to a purpose-built facility in Brooklyn. The new ... More


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