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Potato Soup

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The Irish potato famine is the best known crop disease in history. This chapter addresses the root causes of the famine, with emphasis upon the relationship between the unprecedented population ... More


The Mystery of Immunity

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter assesses the mystery of immunity. Today, Edward Jenner is often referred to as the 'father of immunology'. But really, Jenner had no more claim to that title than Lady Mary Wortley ... More


An Introduction to Puerperal Fever

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the coverage of this book, which is about puerperal or childhood fever that was prevalent in England during the 18th and 19th centuries. This book provides case histories and ... More


Funerals of Scientists, Writers, and Musicians

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following the positivism of Auguste Comte, Jules Ferry and the other founding fathers of the Third Republic believed that ‘science will replace religion as the Republic replaced the monarchy, and ... More


A Vital Matter: Light and Life

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter looks at the question of light and living bodies. Arago once again fashioned himself as a debunker, questioning the claims of the rising spiritualist movement that there exist previously ... More


Germ Theory, Infection, and Bacteriology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of the concepts of germ theory, infection, and bacteriology. In the 1860s, medicine saw major developments at the biochemical, cellular, and molecular level. ... More


The Concept of Host and Immunity

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the historical development of the concept of host and immunity. Smallpox is a disease that, until the 20h century, had long been among the greatest of human plagues. In the ... More


Death Comes Alive

Jonathan Strauss

in Human Remains: Medicine, Death, and Desire in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823233793
eISBN:
9780823241262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233793.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the most influential of the early nineteenth-century theories of death. Death, from the hygienic viewpoint, was a material presence: not a concept or abstract limit, but a ... More


A Scientific Monopoly

Gerard Sasges

in Imperial Intoxication: Alcohol and the Making of Colonial Indochina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824866884
eISBN:
9780824876883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866884.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Today, Albert Calmette is remembered as a pioneer of modern medicine for his work on the BCG tuberculosis vaccine, still in use today. Yet in 1891 he was an inexperienced naval doctor, recently ... More


“Immunology Is for Me Becoming a Mostly Philosophical Subject”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on the time of Niels Jerne's retirement, after more than a decade as director of the Basel Institute. Roche asked Fritz Melchers, who had been at the institute almost since its ... More


: Settings

in Mixed Medicines: Health and Culture in French Colonial Cambodia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226031637
eISBN:
9780226031651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031651.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter outlines the setting for the development of Western medicine in French colonial Cambodia, discusses French medicine in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and provides an ... More


Pandora and the History of Modernity

Henning Schmidgen

in Bruno Latour in Pieces: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263691
eISBN:
9780823266555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263691.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the 1980s, Latour started to investigate the dissemination of Pasteurian hygiene in France in the late 19th century. In this context he elaborated his theory of modernity and the philosophical ... More


“Useful Ornaments to His Cabinet”: Analysis of Anatomical Study and Display in Colonial Williamsburg

Ellen Chapman

in Historical Archaeology in the Twenty-First Century: Lessons from Colonial Williamsburg

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780813069050
eISBN:
9780813067223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813069050.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Human remains used as articulated medical specimens, although very rare in the archaeological record, have been recovered from an apothecary’s private residence and Charlton’s Coffeehouse in ... More


Microbiopolitics

Heather Paxson

in The Life of Cheese: Crafting Food and Value in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520270176
eISBN:
9780520954021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270176.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

“Microbiopolitics” takes up the regulatory dimension of food production to explore how growing interest in the manufacture and taste of raw-milk cheese collides with renewed regulatory attention to ... More


Biting

Chris Pearson

in Dogopolis: How Dogs and Humans Made Modern New York, London, and Paris

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226796994
eISBN:
9780226797045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226797045.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

Rabies claimed few lives compared to other diseases, such as cholera, and had little economic impact. But like other diseases in nineteenth-century cities it raised worries about rapid urbanization, ... More


The Pasteur Connection

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1946, after the South Pacific campaign and time in Hiroshima, Melvin Cohn became a graduate student of Pappenheimer at New York University; later he became a postdoctoral fellow of Jacques Monod’s ... More


History and Background

Gerald Vision

in Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Emergentist theses had their roots as unfounded theories on the source of life or living organisms. Before Louis Pasteur’s 1859 experiments came about, spontaneous generation was considered a ... More


Papa, What's A Bacterium?: On the First Life on Earth

Alexandre Meinesz

in How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226519319
eISBN:
9780226519333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226519333.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

For many, the world of bacteria was an unreal world. For the majority of non-biologists, the term at best suggests invisible, unhealthy germs. However, ever since Antoni van Leeuwenhoek observed them ... More


Turning The Tables

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: The Invisible Enemy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192845030
eISBN:
9780191937330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192845030.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter outlines the different ways of combatting viruses. Smallpox was the most lethal of the recurrent childhood infections, and, until the late eighteenth century, had it all its own way. But ... More


We don’t know what we don’t know

Harold Thimbleby

in Fix IT: See and solve the problems of digital healthcare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198861270
eISBN:
9780191893339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861270.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For thousands of years, healthcare was held back because we couldn’t see and didn’t understand the germs making us ill. Today, healthcare is being held back because we don’t see computer bugs, and we ... More


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