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East, West, and Far West after the Persians: The Long View

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

As discussed here, we can situate the Persian-Egyptian conflict within a much more extensive story of Near Eastern-Egyptian opposition. Seen in this context, the Persian-Egyptian conflict was ... More


The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Dura-Europos, on the Syrian Euphrates, is one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome. A Hellenistic foundation later held by the Parthians and then the Romans, ... More


Persian ‘Snap’: Iranian Dancers in Gandhāra

Ciro Lo Muzio

in The Music Road: Coherence and Diversity in Music from the Mediterranean to India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780197266564
eISBN:
9780191889394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266564.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

A series of reliefs from ancient Gandhāra (Peshawar Valley and neighbouring areas, North Pakistan) show dancers in Iranian (sometimes Hellenistic) attire accompanied by musical instruments of western ... More


Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

From minor nomadic tribe to major world empire, the story of the Parthians’ success in the ancient world is nothing short of remarkable. In their early history, the Parthians benefited from strong ... More


The Vicissitudes of the Diadoch Kingdoms: The Final Years of Diodorus’ Persian Account

Jan P. Stronk

in Semiramis' Legacy: The History of Persia According to Diodorus of Sicily

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474414258
eISBN:
9781474430975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414258.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter falls, in fact, apart in two parts, the first discussing the events, from 310 bc onward, leading up to the Battle of Ipsus (which took place in 301 bc and where Antigonus the One-eyed ... More


Disarming Ethnicity?: ‘Ethnic’ Fighting Traditions in the Alae and Cohortes

Ian Haynes

in Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199655342
eISBN:
9780191758300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Students of auxilia have often sought to identify the survival of ‘ethnic’ fighting traditions in the alae and cohorts. There is nothing inherently improbable about this idea; Roman commentators ... More


The Fall of the Crassi (Crassus 23.7–24.3, 25.12–14, 26.6–9, 30.2–5)

G. O. Hutchinson

in Plutarch's Rhythmic Prose

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198821717
eISBN:
9780191860928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821717.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Battle of Carrhae gives Plutarch his real opportunity to rival Thucydides on Sicily: a striking example of the second Life outdoing the first. The Life of Crassus is marked by dense passages ... More


Festivals and Games in the Cities of the East during the Roman Empire

Dietrich O. A. Klose

in Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199265268
eISBN:
9780191917561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199265268.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

Under the Roman Empire the Eastern provinces witnessed a revival of festivals and games, after a considerable period of interruption by war, both external and civil. The Olympic games, which had ... More


Introduction: Sources and Theory

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the neglect of the Parthians in the ancient sources and in modern historiography, while introducing the application of international relations theory to help provide a fuller ... More


From Migrants to Masters of the Middle East

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the reasons for the success of the Parthians in their rise from a minor nomadic group to a dominant imperial force. It analyzes the most important cultural factors of the early ... More


The Emergence of the Parthian State

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter introduces the establishment of the Parthian state on the Iranian plateau in the middle third century. The unexpected decline of the power of the Seleucid Empire in the 240s because of ... More


The Empire Strikes Back

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the initial failure of the Seleucids in their attempt to reclaim the lost lands of the east. It discusses the failed eastern expedition of Seleucus II; however, its focus is ... More


The Fall of Bactria, the Rise of Parthia

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the decline of Greek rule in Bactria under the mounting weight of external and internal pressures. Antiochus III successfully subdued Bactria as another subordinate allied ... More


The Climax of the Seleucid-Parthian Rivalry

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the contexts and consequences of the last great Seleucid campaign in the Middle East. The new rivalry of the Seleucids and Parthians was highly volatile. Yet the potential ... More


Parthian Hegemony

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom

in Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190888329
eISBN:
9780190888350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888329.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter emphasizes the efforts of Mithridates II to consolidate and expand his power and prestige to establish the Parthians as an unrivaled imperial force. Through a determined war against the ... More


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