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Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


Reasons and Persons

Derek Parfit

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book has four loosely connected parts. Part One discusses some ways in which theories about morality and rationality can be self‐defeating. Such theories give us certain aims, but also tell us ... More


Value Theory

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter rejects the common assumption that we can construct a theory of value in isolation from our theory of right action on the grounds that our strongest moral convictions concern the ... More


Practical Reason

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by discussing the nature of self-interested reasons themselves, agreeing with Derek Parfit that what matters is not personal identity. It suggests that what matters to each of us ... More


The Imperfect Reality of Persons

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Concealed Art of the Soul: Theories of Self and Practices of Truth in Indian Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202416
eISBN:
9780191708558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202416.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the claim of early Buddhists, especially Vasubandhu and Abhidharma, to espouse reductionism as a theory of personal identity. A comparison of the Buddhist no-self theory with ... More


Population and Extinction

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the implications of the earlier arguments for population and extinction. It is argued that the anti-natal view solves various problems in moral theory about population, ... More


Value, Desire, and Quality of Life

Thomas Scanlon

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Scanlon questions the adequacy of desire as a measure of quality of life, arguing instead, for exploring an approach based on a critical scrutiny of a substantive list of elements that make human ... More


Śāntideva and After

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the views of êāntideva, the most sophisticated and influential of all Indian Buddhist ethicists. His writings contain explicit statements of classical act-utilitarianism. ... More


Appendix: Reductionism

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thanks largely to the influence of Derek Parfit, the term ‘reductionism’ has entered into recent discussions of persons and their identity. Some theories are classed as reductionist, others as ... More


Personal Identity and Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

When a memory content involves an indexical reference to the rememberer, the veridicality constraint on memory demands that the rememberer is numerically the same as the one who had the original ... More


Personal Identity

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to the Identity View, in order for an individual to have a self‐interest in a future benefit, she must be identical to the beneficiary. Therefore, the exact implications of the Identity ... More


Procrastination and Personal Identity

Christine Tappolet

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What does the apparent lack of concern for one’s future, which is involved in many cases of procrastination, entail with respect to our conception of personal identity? One claim that is prominent in ... More


On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

A fundamentally important question for practical reasoning is how best to understand the goodness of outcomes and the nature of moral ideals: Is the Internal Aspects View correct, is the Essentially ... More


Consequentialism and the Nearest and Dearest Objection

Michael Smith

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter suggests that the nearest and dearest objection is best understood as attempting to show that consequentialism is, in Parfit terms, ‘indirectly collectively self-defeating’. The concern ... More


Exceptional Persons: On the Limits of Imaginary Cases

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

When should we trust our judgments about far‐fetched imaginary cases? This chapter argues that if the imaginary scenario is adduced to illuminate a concept structured around a set of necessary and ... More


Personal Identity and Thought Experiments

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that judgments about far‐fetched thought experiments are not helpful in illuminating the concept of personal identity. This is because certain patterns of features that coincide ... More


Ambitious Vindication

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An ambitious vindication of morality – an argument beginning from premises that an Egoist will accept that Egoism is false – is the Holy Grail of moral philosophy. This chapter discusses some recent ... More


Generalizing to Other Forms of Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter lays out several variants upon standard act consequentialism, including indirect act consequentialism, rule consequentialism, evaluator-relative consequentialism, and non-foundational ... More


The incarnation and unity of consciousness

Joseph Jedwab

in The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The doctrine of the Incarnation says that a divine person (the Son) assumes a human nature and so becomes human. The chapter follows the so—called abstractist (as opposed to concretist) line. ... More


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