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The Founding Fathers and the Debate over Religion in Revolutionary America: A History in Documents

Matthew Harris and Thomas Kidd (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195326499
eISBN:
9780199918188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326499.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Whether America was founded as a Christian nation or as a secular republic is one of the most fiercely debated questions in American history. This book offers an examination of the essential ... More


 The Liberal Symbiosis

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

By the middle of the 1790s Bentley was arrayed against classical liberalism in both its Christian and its economic forms. Those forms had in fact come together in a newly powerful symbiosis, both in ... More


Republicanism and Religion: The American Exception

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Outside the American context, republican ideology had always been seen as a pernicious influence upon religious life. According to orthodox Christians in the Old World, especially in Britain, ... More


Christian Republicanism

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By the early 1800s, the language of republicanism was ubiquitous throughout American Christianity. Prior to 1740 or so, however, traditional Christians mostly opposed republicanism. Revivalists like ... More


Becoming a New Liberal, 1887–1898

P. J. Cain

in Hobson and Imperialism: Radicalism, New Liberalism, and Finance 1887-1938

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203902
eISBN:
9780191719141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203902.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter demonstrates that Hobson's radicalism was not inherited, but something he had to learn after he came to London in the mid-1880s and began writing ‘A London Letter’ for his father's ... More


Revolution and Counter-Revolution 1789–1793

Anne Stott

in Hannah More: The First Victorian

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274888
eISBN:
9780191714962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274888.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Hannah More's career as a conduct-book writer continued with her Estimate of the Religion of the Fashionable World (1791). In the early part of 1791, her writing career was disrupted by the elopement ... More


Pastoral Politics

Nigel Leask

in Robert Burns and Pastoral: Poetry and Improvement in Late Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572618
eISBN:
9780191722974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572618.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 18th-century Literature

This chapter turns to the contentious question of Burns and politics. Eschewing vague speculation about the poet's ‘radicalism’, it focuses on his social and political attitudes as expressed in his ... More


Indians and the Politics of Romance

Tim Fulford

in Romantic Indians: Native Americans, British Literature, and Transatlantic Culture 1756-1830

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273379
eISBN:
9780191706332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273379.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter describes Indians as represented in 18th-century novels and political prose. Writers such as Charlotte Smith, Robert Bage, Henry Mackenzie, Thomas Spence, and Thomas Paine are analysed.


The Founding Fathers’ Own Views on Religion

Matthew L. Harris and Thomas S. Kidd

in The Founding Fathers and the Debate over Religion in Revolutionary America: A History in Documents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195326499
eISBN:
9780199918188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326499.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents documents on the religious views of the following: Thomas Jefferson, 1787, 1803; John Adams, 1810, 1813; Benjamin Franklin, 1771, 1790; Thomas Paine, 1776; Patrick Henry, 1796; ... More


Organic Constitutions: History

David Fairer

in Organising Poetry: The Coleridge Circle, 1790-1798

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199296163
eISBN:
9780191712289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296163.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

This chapter characterizes an 18th-century ‘organic history’, which is diachronic, and thus in contrast with idealist or deconstructive concepts of history. The latter are synchronic moments of ... More


Good Rulers and Better Books

David F. Holland

in Sacred Borders: Continuing Revelation and Canonical Restraint in Early America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199753611
eISBN:
9780199895113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753611.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter begins with a discussion of Quakerism and its approach to canon. It then considers how the skeptical Enlightenment began to challenge the particularism of the Bible, meaning the idea ... More


The Prospects for Survival from Conception to Childhood

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter takes a biological-demographic perspective. It addresses a number of complex questions. What is the most likely age pattern of mortality risk between conception and age one? How might ... More


The Grand Chorus of Complaint: Authors and the Business Ethics of American Publishing

Michael J. Everton

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751785
eISBN:
9780199896936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751785.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

When Lord Byron toasted Napoleon for summarily executing a bookseller and when American satirist Fitz-Greene Halleck picketed his New York publisher for trying to starve him, both writers were taking ... More


War and Peace

Edwin S. Gaustad

in Benjamin Franklin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305357
eISBN:
9780199850662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305357.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In August 1775, King George III declared all the colonies to be in rebellion. In October, as a head of the committee of three, Franklin met with General George Washington in Massachusetts to confer ... More


Liberty in Business: The Printing of Common Sense

Michael J. Everton

in The Grand Chorus of Complaint: Authors and the Business Ethics of American Publishing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751785
eISBN:
9780199896936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751785.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chapter 2 reads a selection of Thomas Paine's political writings—including Common Sense (1776), The American Crisis (1776–83), Letter to the Abbe Raynal (1782), and The Rights of Man (1792)—as a ... More


The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 offers a structured synopsis of the history of natural theology from Xenophanes to Richard Swinburne. It is argued, for example, that the Five Ways of Thomas Aquinas are outdated, and that ... More


The Majesty of the People: Popular Sovereignty and the Role of the Writer in the 1790s

Georgina Green

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689064
eISBN:
9780191768170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689064.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This book links emerging Romantic ideas about the role of the writer to the ambivalence of the concept of popular sovereignty. In looking closely at how theories about the role of the intellectual or ... More


Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and American Constitutionalism

ROBIN WEST

in Protecting Human Rights: Instruments and Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264063
eISBN:
9780191718304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264063.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter presents a different understanding of the rule of law, one which is also well within the traditions of liberalism and American constitutionalism, but which is considerably less hostile ... More


Epilogue

Forrest G. Robinson

in The Author-Cat: Clemens's Life in Fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823227877
eISBN:
9780823240968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823227877.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Albert Bigelow Paine's fourth volume of Mark Twain: A Biography is more detailed than his other three because it records the few years of Clemens's life vividly. Paine is clear and equivocal in his ... More


Thomas Paine: Britain, America, and France in the Age of Enlightenment and Revolution

J. C. D. Clark

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198816997
eISBN:
9780191858666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816997.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, History of Ideas

Thomas Paine (1737–1809) was England’s greatest revolutionary: no other reformer was as actively involved in events of the scale of the American and French Revolutions, and none wrote such ... More


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