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The Triumph of the State, 1941–1979

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the state formation between 1941 and 1979. It examines key events and actors that determined the balance of power between state and society, development and opposition to it, ... More


An Islamic Developmental State? 1989–1997

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the shift from revolution to state-building and details how socioeconomic challenges, on the one hand, and memories of state and intellectual capital produced by the Pahlavi ... More


Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Lior B. Sternfeld

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Between Iran and Zion analyzes the responses of Iranian Jews to the social, political, and cultural developments of the twentieth century. The book examines their integration into the nation-building ... More


Conclusion

Lior B. Sternfeld

in Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This concluding chapter shows that the trajectory of the Jews of Iran from the early twentieth century led them ultimately to integration into each of the nation-building projects of that era.


Exclusionary Politics and the Revolutionary End

Sean L. Yom

in From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175647
eISBN:
9780231540278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter investigates the process of state-building in modern Iran. Geopolitical substitution rooted in American intercessions after 1953 resulted in a narrowing coalitional logic that produced ... More


Commander-in-Chief

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0013
Subject:
History, Middle East History

At the time of the Islamic revolution, the Imperial Iranian Army was considered a formidable force, unrivaled in the Middle East except by Israel and vying to become a world-scale power. This army ... More


Comparing Sasanian Religions

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

in Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter draws from the field of comparative religion in order to map out the prospects and pitfalls of juxtaposing the Talmudic and Middle Persian corpora, a task beset with significant ... More


Introduction

Lior B. Sternfeld

in Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The introduction sets the background for the situation of the Jews in Iran at the turn of the twentieth century. This initial chapter provides a brief history of Jews in Iran and in the Middle East ... More


Unintended Consequences: The Lead-Up to the Iranian Revolution

Lior B. Sternfeld

in Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The ultimate success of the nation-building project, led by the Shah, was evident in the decade leading up to the revolution—when the Jewish community in Iran finally achieved its release from ... More


The Ayatollah’s Shadow

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0024
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The shah and the queen arrived in the Bahamas on 30 March 1979. The shah's American assistants counseled him to stay on the island, which made him feel imprisoned, helpless, and suspicious. The ... More


The Iranian Revolution

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents an overview of the CIA's analysis of events in Iran that led to the Islamic revolution in 1978–79. It first documents the scale and scope of the intelligence failure concerning ... More


Iran, 1979

Zoltan Barany

in How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157368
eISBN:
9781400880997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157368.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains why Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi’s Imperial Armed Forces (IAF) were unwilling or unable to prop up the crumbling edifice of his regime. It draws on the main contours of the ... More


Iran-Contra as Built Space: U.S. Imperial Tehran in Exile and Edge City’s Central American Presence

Andrew Friedman

in Covert Capital: Landscapes of Denial and the Making of U.S. Empire in the Suburbs of Northern Virginia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520274648
eISBN:
9780520956681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274648.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1987, observers noticed two formations in the covert capital. The first was Edge City, an urban-studies term describing the offices, malls, and hotels that, at Tysons Corner, gave northern ... More


Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The United States and Iran in the Cold War

Roham Alvandi

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199375691
eISBN:
9780199375721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199375691.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Middle East History

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last shah of Iran, is often remembered as a pliant instrument of American power during the Cold War. In this book Roham Alvandi offers a revisionist account of the shah’s ... More


A One-Man Coup: February 1921

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the formation of the Pahlavi regime in Iran during its first two decades, beginning with the 1921 coup that enabled Colonel Reza Khan to seize power and ending with his downfall ... More


From World War I to the Present

D. T. Potts

in Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199330799
eISBN:
9780199366842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330799.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Fierce rivalry between the Bakhtiyari and the Qashqa’i made southern Iran highly unstable and the nomadic factor in this area was important during World War I. Tribes were virtually autonomous in ... More


Follow the Money

Jocelyn Olcott

in International Women's Year: The Greatest Consciousness-Raising Event in History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780195327687
eISBN:
9780199344833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195327687.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers the ways that the paltry funding available for IWY resulted in considerable influence by states and organizations that contributed to the UN voluntary fund for IWY activities. ... More


Food, Filth, and Religious Community

Bruce Lincoln

in Discourse and the Construction of Society: Comparative Studies of Myth, Ritual, and Classification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199372362
eISBN:
9780199372393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372362.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In a period when the Zoroastrian minority in Iran gingerly entertained the possibility of improving relations with the Muslim majority who controlled the country, the attempts foundered on the ... More


Black Gold and America Shape Iran and Saudi Arabia

Dilip Hiro

in Cold War in the Islamic World: Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for Supremacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190944650
eISBN:
9780190055905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944650.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The discovery of oil near Masjid-e-Suleiman in Iran in 1908 by a British company aroused interest in Britain and America to explore the wider region for it. Standard Oil Company of California (Socal) ... More


Conclusions

Dilip Hiro

in Cold War in the Islamic World: Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for Supremacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190944650
eISBN:
9780190055905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944650.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

After Islamic revolutionary movement’s success in overthrowing Iran’s secular Pahlavi dynasty in 1979, Saudi royals felt that full cooperation between their theocratic kingdom and the Islamic ... More


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