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Hardy's Literary Language and Victorian Philology

Dennis Taylor

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122616
eISBN:
9780191671494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122616.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This is a detailed exploration of Thomas Hardy's linguistic ‘awkwardness’, a subject that has long puzzled critics. It shows that Hardy's language must be understood as a distinctive response to the ... More


Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

Philip Durkin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199574995
eISBN:
9780191771446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Historical Linguistics

This book traces the history of loanwords in English from earliest times to the present day. The first two chapters outline the research methodology and framework, and introduce several key datasets ... More


Dictionaries and Other Works of Reference

Elizabeth Knowles

in The History of Oxford University Press: Volume II: 1780 to 1896

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199543151
eISBN:
9780191772337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543151.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History, Economic History

The nineteenth century was a period in which amateur and professional alike worked ardently to categorize and structure knowledge. This resulted in the commercial publication of dictionaries, ... More


Making Moral Meanings

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explains how ‘altruism’ made its way into the first published part of the greatest record of the English language, the Oxford English Dictionary. It uses this story of lexicographers, ... More


A Nineteenth-Century Garment Throughout: Description, Collaboration, and Thorough Coverage in the Oxford English Dictionary (1884–1928)

Sarah Ogilvie

in The Whole World in a Book: Dictionaries in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190913199
eISBN:
9780190913229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190913199.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Ogilvie discusses how the OED represents a key development in ‘modern’ lexicography based on how it was envisioned, compiled, and executed. The chapter provides background on the state of philology ... More


‘When I feel inclined to read poetry I take down my Dictionary’: Poets and Dictionaries, Dictionaries and Poets

Charlotte Brewer

in Poetry & the Dictionary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781789620566
eISBN:
9781789629989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620566.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Many poets choose to use unusual as well as usual words, exploiting their different possible senses, registers, and sounds, together with their varying cultural, geographical, historical, and ... More


The History and Development of DOST

M. G. Dareau

in Perspectives on the Older Scottish Tongue

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622818
eISBN:
9780748653362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622818.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter presents an account of the history of the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (DOST). The DOST was compiled between 1925 and 2001 according to the historical principles laid down in ... More


Poetry in the Oxford English Dictionary: A Quantitative Profile

David-Antoine Williams

in Poetry & the Dictionary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781789620566
eISBN:
9781789629989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620566.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter analyses the background data of various editions of the Oxford English Dictionary in order to give a quantitative profile of the contribution of English poetry to the composition of the ... More


Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions: Verb Meaning and Syntax in Diachrony

Ayumi Miura

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199947157
eISBN:
9780190204556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199947157.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

Impersonal constructions in the history of English form a puzzling category, in that there has been uncertainty as to why some verbs are attested in such constructions while others are not, even ... More


Word-hoard: From History to Historical Principles

Lynda Mugglestone

in Writing a War of Words: Andrew Clark and the Search for Meaning in World War One

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198870159
eISBN:
9780191913044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870159.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses Clark’s ‘Words in War-Time’ as a distinctive project in its own right. Beginning in 1914, it has an intellectual hinterland that reaches into Victorian Oxford, the philological ... More


The Making of the Oxford English Dictionary

Peter Gilliver

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199283620
eISBN:
9780191826092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283620.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Historical Linguistics

This book tells the history of the Oxford English Dictionary from its beginnings in the middle of the nineteenth century to the present. It explores the cultural background from which the idea of a ... More


The Oxford English Dictionary

Matthew Sperling

in Visionary Philology: Geoffrey Hill and the Study of Words

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701088
eISBN:
9780191770524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701088.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, Poetry

This chapter considers the relationship between Geoffrey Hill's poetry and the Oxford English Dictionary, in the context of the dictionary's overall relationship to literary language, from its ... More


Borrowing from Latin and French after 1500

Philip Durkin

in Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199574995
eISBN:
9780191771446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Historical Linguistics

The background to lexical borrowing in English from Latin and French after 1500 is established in a survey of some of the key developments in language use and in the development of English as a ... More


not even invented

Deborah Bowman

in Poetry & the Dictionary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781789620566
eISBN:
9781789629989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620566.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

William Empson was ambivalent about etymology; ‘we would often like an influence from past uses to survive in a word’, he wrote in 1977, ‘when it plainly doesn’t’. But he had always been preoccupied ... More


Oxford at the Crossroads: England and the world beyond

Peter D. McDonald

in Artefacts of Writing: Ideas of the State and Communities of Letters from Matthew Arnold to Xu Bing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198725152
eISBN:
9780191792595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198725152.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

This chapter reflects on questions of language, culture, community, and the state via the history of Oxford University (1860 to 1939). After considering Matthew Arnold’s ambivalence about his alma ... More


DOST and MED and the Virtues of Sibling Rivalry

Paul Schaffner

in Perspectives on the Older Scottish Tongue

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622818
eISBN:
9780748653362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622818.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The Middle English Dictionary (MED) and the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (DOST) were not only siblings but virtual twins, both born of Craigie's vision, first publicly enunciated in 1919, ... More


Liddell and Scott and the Oxford English Dictionary

John Considine

in Liddell and Scott: The History, Methodology, and Languages of the World's Leading Lexicon of Ancient Greek

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198810803
eISBN:
9780191847912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810803.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter focuses on the making of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). It considers the claim of language sciences historian Hans Aarsleff that the lexicography of the OED depends entirely on ... More


Quantifying French and Latin contributions to Middle English

Philip Durkin

in Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199574995
eISBN:
9780191771446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Historical Linguistics

A survey is presented of the treatment of Latin, French, and Latin and/or French borrowings in English lexicography and lexicology. Following this, a new chronological breakdown of Middle English ... More


A Collected Unconscious: James Merrill’s Dictionaries

Andrew Blades

in Poetry & the Dictionary

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781789620566
eISBN:
9781789629989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620566.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

In The Changing Light at Sandover (1982), James Merrill sketches a tableau of his study, singling out his hardbound set of the Oxford English Dictionary. Indeed, dictionaries were never far from his ... More


Verbs of Emotion and the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

Ayumi Miura

in Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions: Verb Meaning and Syntax in Diachrony

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199947157
eISBN:
9780190204556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199947157.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

The third chapter first offers justifications for limiting the research target to verbs of emotion, mainly for practical reasons but also because the semantic field of emotion is well known in the ... More


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