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Three Case Studies

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Wendy H. Wong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why are some international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) more politically salient than others, and why are some NGOs better able to influence the norms of human rights? This book shows how the ... More


A New Beginning? (1981–1984)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Funding agencies made further aid to Senegal conditional on acceptance of World Bank and IMF (International Monetary Fund) demands. From 1979, Senegal embarked on the first phase of a structural ... More


From the Empire of Christ to the Third World: Religion and the Experience of Empire in the Twentieth Century

Jeffrey Cox

in Britain's Experience of Empire in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199236589
eISBN:
9780191730955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236589.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the early twentieth century the people of Britain were engaged with the non‐western world primarily through missionary societies, which reached their peak influence in the 1920s. Far from being an ... More


Being Good in a World of Need

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Ours is a rich world filled with misery. This gives rise to a pressing question: how should the well-off respond to the needy? Peter Singer famously argued that just as we have an obligation to save ... More


Other Models of Advocating Change

Wendy H. Wong

in Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the failure of some NGOs to make their rights politically salient. It first examines the International League of Human Rights (ILRH), to demonstrate how organizational choices ... More


Introduction: Where Have All the Borders Gone?

Sarah S. Stroup

in Borders among Activists: International NGOs in the United States, Britain, and France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450730
eISBN:
9780801464256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450730.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter presents three prominent nongoverment organizations—Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (Oxfam International), and Cooperative for Assistance ... More


Why Aid Breaks Down Cooperation

in Breakdown in Pakistan: How Aid Is Eroding Institutions for Collective Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781329
eISBN:
9780804781848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781329.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the Oxfam case, where the small grants that were provided in Sindh caused a breakdown of cooperation within self-regarding and other-regarding groups. The chapter presents the ... More


Britishness and the search for Africa

Graham Harrison

in The African presence: Representations of Africa in the construction of Britishness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780719088858
eISBN:
9781781705773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088858.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter looks closely at the ways that Africa has been represented through campaigns. It begins by arguing that a perfect and real representation of Africa is an impossibility and that what ... More


From American relief to international development cooperation (1961–68)

Heike Wieters

in The NGO Care and Food Aid from America 1945-80: Showered With Kindness'?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526117212
eISBN:
9781526128669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526117212.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 6 focuses on CARE’s ongoing professionalization and its ties to government agencies, international diplomats, corporate players and marketing firms. It sheds light on CARE’s first attempts at ... More


Between Samaritans and States: The Political Ethics of Humanitarian INGOs

Jennifer Rubenstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199684106
eISBN:
9780191764660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684106.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Large-scale, Western-based humanitarian INGOs, such as Oxfam and Doctors Without Borders, are often either celebrated as “do-gooding machines” or maligned as incompetents “on the road to hell.” ... More


From Concept to Movement

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in Sustainability: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199372409
eISBN:
9780197562932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372409.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

A self-defined sustainability movement crystallized between the late 1970s and the 1990s. No longer was sustainability merely a concept or set of ideas. There was now a set of organizations—the ... More


The Somerville Senior Common Room

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows the rebellious patrician Philippa Foot, through her years as a tutorial fellow at Somerville, chronicling her philosophical apprenticeship to Anscombe, her work with Oxfam, her ... More


“Time, Like the Sea . . . ”

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows Midgley, Anscombe, Murdoch, and Foot through their later years—after they had shaken contemporary orthodoxy in ethics—and reflects on their contributions. These women’s ideas ... More


Hunger as a Weapon

Peter Gill

in Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia Since Live Aid

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199569847
eISBN:
9780191808609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569847.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how resettlement efforts have killed Ethiopian people at a faster rate than the initial famine, describing the increase in number of deaths, people with diseases, and ... More


The Ethics of Privatization

Scott Lehmann

in Privatizing Public Lands

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089721
eISBN:
9780197560587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089721.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Insofar as arguments for privatization can be read as appealing to general ethical conceptions, they acquire greater depth and, perhaps, respectability. The argument from productivity suggests a ... More


The Dark Side of Humanity, Part I: Worries about Internal Corruption

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Drawing on events like the Holocaust, Mai Lai Massacre, and the Rwandan genocide, Chapter 5 notes the prevalence of evil within humanity, and that many people can be led to act very badly. This ... More


The Regulatory World of Agri-food: Politics, Power, and Conventions

Kevin Morgan, Terry Marsden, and Jonathan Murdoch

in Worlds of Food: Place, Power, and Provenance in the Food Chain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199271580
eISBN:
9780191917721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199271580.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

The history of agriculture in developed countries over the past seventy years is first and foremost a political history because of the intense interplay between farming and the state. Indeed, it is ... More


If Oxfam Ran the World: PETER UNGER (1996), Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophical Interventions: Reviews 1986-2011

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199777853
eISBN:
9780190267612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews the book Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence (1996), by Peter Unger. Evidence suggests that there are big problems of human misery in the world, problems that ... More


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