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“Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie

Fatma Müge Göçek

in Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195099256
eISBN:
9780199854547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099256.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the effects of Western ideas on the Ottoman social structure and the new visions it produced. New concepts of civilized society produced new organizational groups that ... More


The Sadir al-Fuqaha' wa-l-Fuqara' Endowment (Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi) in Alexandria during the Eighteenth Century1

Nasir Ibrahim

in Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774163937
eISBN:
9781617970924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Examining a foundation created by Salah al-Din (Saladin) in Alexandria, this chapter shows how the Ottoman state continuously sought to interfere in the endowment's affairs and fought the ... More


“Zeal and Noise”: Jewish Imperial Allegiance and the Greco-Ottoman War of 1897

Julia Phillips Cohen

in The Divergence of Judaism and Islam: Interdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037516
eISBN:
9780813042107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037516.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter elaborates upon Judeo-Muslim interdependence and a sense of common destiny. During the late nineteenth century, Jews constituted the single largest ethno-religious group in Salonica and ... More


The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone

Janet Klein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775700
eISBN:
9780804777759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775700.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

At the turn of the twentieth century, the Ottoman state identified multiple threats in its eastern regions. In an attempt to control remote Kurdish populations, Ottoman authorities organized them ... More


Introduction: The Hamidiye Light Cavalry in the Ottoman Tribal Zone

in The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775700
eISBN:
9780804777759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775700.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter begins by assessing the Ottoman state's decision to transform Kurdish tribes from a local power that was a challenge to state authority into an arm of state authority itself ... More


Introduction

Jesse Ferris

in Nasser's Gamble: How Intervention in Yemen Caused the Six-Day War and the Decline of Egyptian Power

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155142
eISBN:
9781400845231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155142.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter argues that the most significant aspect of Egypt's hegemonic aspirations was that they were disguised by, and at times confused with, the promotion of revolutionary ideals. ... More


Beyond the Nation-State: The Zionist Political Imagination from Pinsker to Ben-Gurion

Dmitry Shumsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300230130
eISBN:
9780300241099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Jewish nation-state has often been thought of as Zionism's end goal. This bracing history of the idea of the Jewish state in modern Zionism, from its beginnings in the late nineteenth century ... More


From the Law of Ransom to the Law of Release

Will Smiley

in From Slaves to Prisoners of War: The Ottoman Empire, Russia, and International Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198785415
eISBN:
9780191827334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785415.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Public International Law

This chapter charts the “Law of Release,” a new system of rules that replaced the Law of Ransom. These rules were based on treaties signed from 1739 onward, but also on a variety of lesser agreements ... More


Europeanization, Islamization, and the New Imperialism of the Ottoman State

Mustafa Aksakal

in Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727996
eISBN:
9780191794292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727996.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the nineteenth-century Europeanization of the Ottoman state. At the end of this process the Ottoman state was vastly more centralized. Like its Habsburg and Romanov neighbours, ... More


Conclusion: Unmaking North and South

John M. Willis

in Unmaking North and South: Cartographies of the Yemeni Past

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199327003
eISBN:
9780199388073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327003.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter summarises the book’s main themes and presents some final thoughts. This book has attempted to look at the highly contested nature of spatial history by writing the histories of the ... More


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