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The Ottomans: From Frontier Principality to Empire

Gábor Ágoston

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From its rise around 1300, and continuing from the mid‐fifteenth century until its demise during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was a crucial player in European and Asian power politics: first as a ... More


Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and The Apogee of Empire: 1561–1579

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, one of the most compelling personalities of the entire 16th century and the mastermind of the Ottoman Empire's last great push into the Indian Ocean. ... More


Kara Deniz, 1500–1700

Charles King

in The Black Sea: A History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Ottomans guarded the Black Sea as a great prize and, after their conquest of Constantinople, gradually restricted access by outside ships. For the first time all the sea's coasts were brought ... More


The Black Sea: A History

Charles King

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Black Sea has long formed a zone of interaction—sometimes cordial, sometimes conflictual—among the peoples and states around its shores, from the Balkans to the Caucasus, from Russia to Turkey. ... More


Chernoe More, 1700–1860

Charles King

in The Black Sea: A History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Russia's commercial growth and political power after the late eighteenth century were fueled by access to the sea. The ports of southern Russia grew through trade with the rest of Europe. ... More


Pluralism in a Patrimonial Bureaucracy: The Ottoman Empire

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some of the most horrifying episodes of ethnic violence of the twentieth century occurred in a territory originally part of the Ottoman Empire. Although for later generations the Empire was a byword ... More


Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction: 1546–1561

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Rustem Pasha, who dominated Ottoman political life throughout the middle decades of the 16th century. Nominated to the grand vizierate upon Hadim Suleiman's dismissal in ... More


The Death of Politics

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the waning years of the Ottoman Age of Exploration. By the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire's era of relentless international expansion had drawn to a close. But ... More


The Decline of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East and the ‘Arab Awakening’ before 1914

D. K. Fieldhouse

in Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199540839
eISBN:
9780191713507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540839.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History, Middle East History

One historic development that took place before the Arab Middle East became what it was after 1914 was the decline of the power of the Ottoman empire that had ruled the region from varying dates in ... More


War and Partition of Ottoman Empire, 1914–1922

D. K. Fieldhouse

in Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199540839
eISBN:
9780191713507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540839.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History, Middle East History

In November 1914, the Ottoman empire went to war against Russia, Britain, and France. On October 31, 1918, by the Armistice of Mudros, the war ended with the Ottoman armies suffering almost total ... More


A Man, A Plan, A Canal: Mir Ali Beg's Expeditions to the Swahili Coast, 1579–1589

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on events from 1579 to 1589. Ottoman decision makers, particularly those with an interest in the Indian Ocean, realized that in light of the myriad challenges to their rule that ... More


Selim The Navigator 1512–1520

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the ways in which the opening of a direct Ottoman sea route to the Indies during Selim's reign closely corresponded, in its general contours, with a similar process that had ... More


Exclusion of the Ottoman Empire from the Family of Nations, and Legal Doctrines of Humanitarian Intervention

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the legal doctrines of humanitarian intervention that were developed in the second half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on nineteenth-century British and French writings, ... More


Ibrahim Pasha and the Age of Reconnaissance 1520–1536

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The year 1520 marks the beginning of the very long reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, widely considered the grandest and most powerful sultan in the history of the Ottoman state. For all his ... More


Introduction: The Ottoman Empire and its Frontiers

A. C. S. PEACOCK

in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264423
eISBN:
9780191734793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264423.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Stretching across Europe, Asia and Africa for half a millennium bridging the end of the Middle Ages and the early twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the major forces that forged the ... More


The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Introduction: An Empire of The Mind

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the four characteristics of 16th-century European expansion that constitute the basic definition of the term Age of Exploration in this book: a ... More


Macedonia 1870–1922: THE REGIONAL CONTEXT

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

in Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278961
eISBN:
9780191706806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278961.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter begins with a discussion of Macedonia — its regional boundaries, economy, and population — and the ‘Macedonian Question’. It then considers the factors that made Macedonia a politically ... More


Prologue: Eastern Questions, Nationalist Answers

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines four interconnected themes from the early nineteenth century up to 1914: external political, military, and economic engagements with the Ottoman empire; the development of ... More


Nonintervention on Behalf of the Ottoman Armenians (1886–1909)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the European powers' nonintervention on behalf of the Ottoman Armenians during the period 1886–1909. From the 1870s to 1914, the “Armenian Question” was dragged into the ... More


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