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Preparing for War, 1887–1888

CHRISTOPHER DUGGAN

in Francesco Crispi 1818-1901: From Nation to Nationalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206118
eISBN:
9780191717178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Many conservatives certainly harboured worries about Francesco Crispi's democratic leanings and the possibility that his impulsiveness might embroil Italy in some risky foreign adventure; but such ... More


The Shadow of Bismarck, 1871–1878

CHRISTOPHER DUGGAN

in Francesco Crispi 1818-1901: From Nation to Nationalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206118
eISBN:
9780191717178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Two months after Italian soldiers captured Rome, general elections were held in Italy. Francesco Crispi stood again in the college of Castelvetrano. He had also been elected in the college of ... More


The Arrival of Imperial Germany

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Germany was unified in 1871, creating a new great power in the center of Europe. Surprisingly, the first concerted effort to balance against Germany did not come until the Franco-Russian Alliance in ... More


The Austro-Prussian War: Königgrätz 1866

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

The Six Weeks War, which culminated in the battle of Königgrätz, remains one of the most decisive and fateful conflicts of the nineteenth century. The notion of a modern united Germany under Prussian ... More


1883: Luthermania, Germania, and the Novus Ordo Seclorum

Thomas Albert Howard

in Remembering the Reformation: An Inquiry into the Meanings of Protestantism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198754190
eISBN:
9780191815911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754190.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

After briefly mentioning some Reformation-related commemorations that took place after the tercentenary in 1817, this chapter profiles the 400th anniversary of Martin Luther’s birth in 1883 as it was ... More


The Birth of the Welfare State

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the rise of the welfare state in the United States following the Great Depression. It begins with a historical background on the welfare state, tracing its origins to Germany ... More


The Christian Commonwealth (i): Regnum vs. Sacerdotium—the Struggle for Control

Francis Oakley

in The Mortgage of the Past: Reshaping the Ancient Political Inheritance (1050-1300)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300176339
eISBN:
9780300183504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300176339.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the nineteenth century name “Canossa” and how it became synonymous, for Germans of strong nationalistic disposition, with the abject humiliation of a German emperor and the ... More


The United Kingdom and Germany

Matthew Kroenig

in The Return of Great Power Rivalry: Democracy versus Autocracy from the Ancient World to the U.S. and China

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190080242
eISBN:
9780190080273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080242.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the United Kingdom’s rivalry with Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. After nearly two centuries of ascendancy, the UK was challenged by an autocratic Germany ... More


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