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Oswald Spengler and the Decline of the West

David Engels

in Key Thinkers of the Radical Right: Behind the New Threat to Liberal Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190877583
eISBN:
9780190926793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190877583.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the life and work of Oswald Spengler, whose fame is based on his The Decline of the West, a monumental historical study that endeavored to show that all human civilizations ... More


Weimar Philosophy and the Crisis of Historical Thinking

Charles Bambach

in Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135106
eISBN:
9781400846788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135106.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the philosophy of history and the so-called crisis of historicism. For proponents of the Weimar “crisis theology,” the breakdown of historical norms and values had led to a ... More


Empires, Ruins, and the Conservative Critique of Modernity: Friedrich Ratzel and Oswald Spengler

Julia Hell

in The Conquest of Ruins: The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226588056
eISBN:
9780226588223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226588223.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The author analyzes Friedrich Ratzel, imperial Germany’s leading geo-politician, and Oswald Spengler, the founder of Germany’s conservative revolution. The Roman Empire was central to their ... More


Wittgenstein in Exile

James C. Klagge

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015349
eISBN:
9780262300117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953) are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the ... More


Catastrophe and Modernity

David Sepkoski

in Catastrophic Thinking: Extinction and the Value of Diversity from Darwin to the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226348612
eISBN:
9780226354613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226354613.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

While the first two chapters explored the development of an extinction imaginary that viewed extinction as the natural, inevitable, and progressive result of competition between species or peoples, ... More


Lateness as ‘Decline’: Oswald Spengler, Nicholas Berdyaev, Helmuth Plessner, Arnold Gehlen

Ben Hutchinson

in Lateness and Modern European Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198767695
eISBN:
9780191821578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767695.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter understands lateness as a mode of ‘decline’. Tracing the category through the cultural criticism of Oswald Spengler, Nicholas Berdyaev, Hellmuth Plessner, and Arnold Gehlen, it explores ... More


Spengler’s The Decline of the West and Intellectual Quackery: Checking the Climate with Leonard Woolf and W. B. Yeats

Wayne K. Chapman

in Virginia Woolf and the Natural World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780983533900
eISBN:
9781781382202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780983533900.003.0030
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines Leonard Woolf's critique of the two volumes of Oswald Spengler's treatise on history, The Decline of the West, published, respectively, after each volume appeared in English ... More


The Truly Apocalyptic View

Kevin M. Cahill

in The Fate of Wonder: Wittgenstein's Critique of Metaphysics and Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158008
eISBN:
9780231528115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158008.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the purpose of Philosophical Investigations, with particular emphasis on the connections Ludwig Wittgenstein saw between the philosophical problems with which he grappled in his ... More


Conclusion

Michela Coletta

in Decadent Modernity: Civilisation and 'Latinidad' in Spanish America, 1880-1920

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781786941312
eISBN:
9781789629040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941312.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The book leads to two main conclusive points. Firstly, representations of cultural modernity in Latin America were not simply based on the idea of progress but were also linked with notions ... More


Introduction

Andrew Frayn

in Writing disenchantment: British First World War prose, 1914-30

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719089220
eISBN:
9781781707333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089220.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The introduction sets forth a genealogy of disenchantment, from mid and late nineteenth-century fears of degeneration as a consequence of anthropological work, anxieties about increasing ... More


Empire and Time: Martin Heidegger’s Anti-Roman Intervention

Julia Hell

in The Conquest of Ruins: The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226588056
eISBN:
9780226588223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226588223.003.0026
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with Martin Heidegger’s thinking about empire and imperialism. Hitler, Himmler, and Speer proposed a thousand-year Reich and thousands of years of glorious ruins. Schmitt devoted ... More


The Political Occult: Revisiting Fascism, Yeats and A Vision

Claire V. Nally

in W. B. Yeats's A Vision: Explications and Contexts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780983533924
eISBN:
9781781382219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780983533924.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This essay addresses W. B. Yeats’s fascism with specific reference to Theodor Adorno’s works “Theses against Occultism” and The Authoritarian Personality. Yeats’s role in the Blueshirt movement is ... More


The Playwright as Thinker

John Patrick Diggins (ed.)

in Eugene O'Neill's America: Desire Under Democracy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226148809
eISBN:
9780226148823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226148823.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama

The Iceman Cometh was one of the last Eugene O'Neill completed and the very last of his enduring works that he lived to see produced on stage. Its unsuccessful debut may have had less to do with the ... More


The Patristic Norm and the Western Pseudomorphosis of Russian Theology

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in Georges Florovsky and the Russian Religious Renaissance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701583
eISBN:
9780191771392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701583.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Florovsky’s application of the Greek patristic and Byzantine theological norm to the development of Russian theology constitutes his theological signature. The chapter begins by exploring different ... More


Making Living History

Lauren Arrington

in The Poets of Rapallo: How Mussolini's Italy shaped British, Irish, and U.S. Writers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198846543
eISBN:
9780191916304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846543.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on the reading and reception of Oswald Spengler’s Decline of the West among the Rapallo poets. It shows how Spengler’s ideas resonated in W.B. and George Yeats’s A Vision, ... More


Katechon: Carl Schmitt’s Theology of Empire

Julia Hell

in The Conquest of Ruins: The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226588056
eISBN:
9780226588223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226588223.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In chapter twenty-four the author explores how Carl Schmitt evolved into the neo-Roman theorist of empire, imperial mimesis, and imperial imaginary. With his katechontic theory of empire and imperial ... More


The Eurasian Temptation

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in Georges Florovsky and the Russian Religious Renaissance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701583
eISBN:
9780191771392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701583.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The chapter focuses on Florovsky’s brief participation in the Eurasian movement, especially his contribution to the three Eurasian symposia, Exodus to the East, On the Ways, and Russia and Latinity. ... More


Demythologizing Heidegger’s Thrownness: Toward Dialectic of Enlightenment

Mikko Immanen

in Toward a Concrete Philosophy: Heidegger and the Emergence of the Frankfurt School

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752377
eISBN:
9781501752391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752377.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter reviews Theodor W. Adorno's criticism that revolves around Martin Heidegger's notion of historicity, at the core of which lay an understanding of the human being after the temporal ... More


Florovsky's Neopatristic Synthesis and the Future Ways of Orthodox Theology

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in Orthodox Constructions of the West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251926
eISBN:
9780823253067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251926.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Scholars commonly separate Georges Florovsky's patristic scholarship from his treatment of Russian religious thought. Gavrilyuk reconnects these two sides of Florovsky's career by showing how the ... More


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