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The Commons in History: Culture, Conflict, and Ecology

Derek Wall

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027212
eISBN:
9780262322003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027212.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This book explores the relationship between common pool property and resources, and ecological sustainability. The debate between Hardin, who developed the idea of the ‘tragedy of the commons’ and ... More


Planning or the Market: What Are the Catalysts?

Christian de Perthuis and Pierre-André Jouvet

in Green Capital: A New Perspective on Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171403
eISBN:
9780231540360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171403.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter returns to the concrete conditions required to foster growth based on the ascription of value to green capital, leading eventually to a self-reproducing, fully functional economy. The ... More


‘Nested enterprises’? Spatial dimensions of ecological governance

Lennart J. Lundqvist

in Sweden and Ecological Governance: Straddling the Fence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069024
eISBN:
9781781700549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069024.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter considers the spatial dimensions of ecological governance. It explains that space is of central concern to rational ecological governance and discusses Elinor Ostrom's opinion that ... More


Rules of the Innovation Commons

Jason Potts

in Innovation Commons: The Origin of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190937492
eISBN:
9780190937539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937492.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the basic institutional similarities between innovation commons (as a species of knowledge commons) and the eight core design principles, or rules of the commons, that Ostrom ... More


Niccolò Machiavelli: Rethinking Decentralization’s Role in Green Theory

Francisco Seijo

in Engaging Nature: Environmentalism and the Political Theory Canon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262028059
eISBN:
9780262325264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028059.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Francisco Seijo draws on Niccolò Machiavelli to take issue with contemporary greens who argue that radical decentralization – in the form of eco-anarchism or bioregionalism – is most conducive to ... More


The Voter’s Conundrum

Benjamin Hale

in The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035408
eISBN:
9780262336499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035408.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter seeks to make sense of motivating and justificatory reasons as different sorts of answers to “why” questions. The chapter uses the related problems of overpopulation and the ... More


Fundos de Pasto: Community governance of common resources in north-east Brazil

Erica Imbirussú, Gilca Garcia de Oliveira, and Guiomar Inez Germani

in Towards Just and Sustainable Economies: The Social and Solidarity Economy North and South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447327226
eISBN:
9781447327240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327226.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the social management of ‘nature’ and the commons using Ostrom’s theorisation of common resourse management. It examines Brazil’s Fundos do Pasto, communally managed ... More


Commons Ecology

Derek Wall

in The Commons in History: Culture, Conflict, and Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027212
eISBN:
9780262322003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027212.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the history of commons with examples from India, Mongolia and England. Different approaches to the commons from Garrett Hardin, ElinorOstrom and Marx are discussed. The ... More


Dinosaurs at the Table

John R. Horner

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines dinosaur paleobiology and the interpretations of dinosaur evolution. It argues that dinosaur paleontologists were among the first to reach the evolutionary high table and ... More


The Economic Classification of Spectrum and the Commons Debate

Rohit Prasad and V. Sridhar

in The Dynamics of Spectrum Management: Legacy, Technology, and Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099789
eISBN:
9780199083060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099789.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter places spectrum in the four-fold classification of economic goods—private goods, commons goods, toll goods, and pure public goods. It identifies spectrum as a toll good and examines ... More


Catastrophic Failure

Tee L. Guidotti

in Health and Sustainability: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199325337
eISBN:
9780190238803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325337.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

A catastrophic event changes things fundamentally; a disaster simply exceeds the capacity of local resources to deal with the situation. Global climate change is the principal threat of catastrophe ... More


Honorable Business and Valuing What We Ought

James R. Otteson

in Honorable Business: A Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190914202
eISBN:
9780190914240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914202.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

Chapter 8 looks at several more worries about, and objections raised to, markets and business. This chapter focuses specifically on concerns raised about how markets can induce us to misvalue ... More


How Fisheries Are Managed

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn

in Ocean Recovery: A sustainable future for global fisheries?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198839767
eISBN:
9780191875533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839767.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

How Fisheries Are Managed. In traditional fisheries management, local communities controlled a certain defined area, a form of exclusive access to the resource that relied on a cohesive community ... More


Public Administration and Public Choice: Charting the Field

Paul Dragos Aligica, Peter J. Boettke, and Vlad Tarko

in Public Governance and the Classical-Liberal Perspective: Political Economy Foundations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190267032
eISBN:
9780190267063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190267032.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 4 documents the conceptual territory at the interface of public administration and public choice and puts the Ostromian contribution in an interpretive context that anchors it in the ... More


Heterogeneity, Co-production, and Polycentric Governance: The Ostroms’ Public Choice Institutionalism Revisited

Paul Dragos Aligica, Peter J. Boettke, and Vlad Tarko

in Public Governance and the Classical-Liberal Perspective: Political Economy Foundations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190267032
eISBN:
9780190267063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190267032.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 6 elaborates the conceptual framework and the apparatus emerging from the Ostroms’ efforts, especially the pivotal notion of polycentricity, as a unifying and organizing framework or ... More


Metropolitan Governance: Polycentric Solutions for Complex Problems

Paul Dragos Aligica, Peter J. Boettke, and Vlad Tarko

in Public Governance and the Classical-Liberal Perspective: Political Economy Foundations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190267032
eISBN:
9780190267063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190267032.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 7 focuses on the problems of metropolitan governance, one of the first domains in which the polycentrism theoretical lenses were applied. The example of the police services is used as an ... More


Independent Regulatory Agencies and Their Reform: An Exercise in Institutional Imagination

Paul Dragos Aligica, Peter J. Boettke, and Vlad Tarko

in Public Governance and the Classical-Liberal Perspective: Political Economy Foundations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190267032
eISBN:
9780190267063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190267032.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 8 explores the issue of independent regulatory agencies. Independent regulatory agencies are seen as a serious challenge to democratic administration. They are government organizations of ... More


Sharing the Global Emissions Budget

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter concerns how the global emissions budget should be shared, critiquing the equal per capita emissions view (EPC). First, it is explained how theorists have used claims about natural ... More


Governing Knowledge Commons

Brett M. Frischmann, Michael J. Madison, and Katherine J. Strandburg (eds)

in Governing Knowledge Commons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199972036
eISBN:
9780199361908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972036.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter sets out the knowledge commons framework that forms the foundation for the case study chapters that follow, and it provides not only an explanation of its purposes but also a guide to ... More


Learning from Lin:: Lessons and Cautions from the Natural Commons for the Knowledge Commons

Daniel H. Cole

in Governing Knowledge Commons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199972036
eISBN:
9780199361908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972036.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter explains how Elinor Ostrom’s work on natural common-pool resources has limited lessons to offer intellectual property scholars, virtually none of which is normative. Her body of work ... More


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