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Power Multiplied or Power Restrained? the United States and Multilateral Institutions in the Americas

Hal Klepak

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The central argument is that US power, once established as predominant in the hemisphere, has been nothing short of decisive in the founding, nature, and functioning of the regional multilateral ... More


Human Rights

Dinah Shelton

in Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270989
eISBN:
9780191707704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270989.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents four case studies on human rights that analyze the use of non-binding norms in four contexts. The first presents the case of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in ... More


Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in the Inter-American System

Verónica Gómez

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217908
eISBN:
9780191705380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217908.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the development of the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESC rights) in the Inter-American System. It reviews the substantive recognition granted to ESC ... More


Events Surrounding the Governors Island Agreement, December 1992-November 1993

David Malone

in Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the events surrounding the Governors Island Agreement (GIA) and the involvement of the UN and the Organization of American States (OAS) to resolve the political crisis in Haiti. ... More


Regional Responses

Lucas Lixinski

in Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679508
eISBN:
9780191758546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679508.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter explores regional initiatives in the realm of heritage. At the regional level, initiatives are undertaken both in schemes of political and economic integration. In the former, the ... More


Confusionist Cubanism: The Political Mess Before Granma

Thomas G. Paterson

in Contesting Castro: The United States and the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195101201
eISBN:
9780199854189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101201.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Batista embraced the Cold War against communism and broke diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1952. He also outlawed the Communist Party. The Cubans decided that violent revolt was ... More


Operation Zapata: Cuba

Michael Poznansky

in In the Shadow of International Law: Secrecy and Regime Change in the Postwar World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190096595
eISBN:
9780190096625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096595.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores one of the most infamous episodes of covert action during the Cold War: The Bay of Pigs. The operation, which was authorized by Dwight Eisenhower in March of 1960 and carried ... More


Global Anti-Corruption Norms

Anja P. Jakobi

in Common Goods and Evils?: The Formation of Global Crime Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674602
eISBN:
9780191752452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674602.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents global anti-corruption efforts. While the United States has influenced these global efforts in important ways, civil society was also important for their development. The ... More


La Ley Maldita: The Law for the Permanent Defense of Democracy

James Lockhart

in Chile, the CIA and the Cold War: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474435611
eISBN:
9781474465243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474435611.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains Chileans' contributions to the origins of the larger Cold War from 1947 into the 1950s. It incorporates the González administration's conflicts with Chilean Communists and the ... More


The Mechanisms of International Influence

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents qualitative evidence that fleshes out the statistical relationship between international norm enforcement and democratic change. It examines contested elections in the Dominican ... More


Elections: (In the Time of Cholera)

Beverly Bell

in Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.003.0025
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on Haiti's national elections held on November 28, 2010. Fraud was rampant during the elections. Local authorities intimidated, committed violence, stuffed voting urns, and faked ... More


Presidential Term Limits and the International Community

Christina Murray, Eric Alston, and Micha Wiebusch

in The Politics of Presidential Term Limits

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198837404
eISBN:
9780191874109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837404.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Proposed changes to presidential term limits are almost always highly contested and have attracted international and regional attention. A central question that faces the external actors is the ... More


Electoral Reform

Ferran Martínez i Coma

in Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability and Integrity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190677800
eISBN:
9780190677831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190677800.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter theorizes that international monitors can seek to improve electoral integrity both through deterrence effects (preventing malpractices from occurring) and prospective reforms (making ... More


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