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The Role of Science and Scientists in Changing Forest Service Management Relative to Sustainability

Jack Ward Thomas and James A. Burchfield

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the development of the concept of sustainability as applied to the management of the national forests in the United States. It traces the development and application of ... More


Under the Organic Act 1950–1970

Robert F. Rogers

in Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833343
eISBN:
9780824870287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter highlights the transformations taking place in Guam after the passage of the Organic Act, 1950. The Organic Act, passed by the U.S. Congress without a vote on it by the people of Guam, ... More


Certification and the State: The Dilemmas of Growth

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Despite hostility from government officials and the conventional food establishment, organic grew in popularity among consumers throughout the 1970s and 80s. During this period organic farmers in ... More


Colonial Political Economy: Hawaiʻi as a U.S. Territory

Sumner La Croix

in Hawai'i: Eight Hundred Years of Political and Economic Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592091
eISBN:
9780226592121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226592121.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter shows that the big winners from the change to U.S. colonial rule were the U.S. government, which moved quickly to establish a network of military bases within Hawaiʻi to serve as the ... More


Stabilizing the Market, Dividing the Field: Federal Regulation, Field Settlement, and the Emergence of Conflict

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the passage of the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990 and the subsequent development of the National Organic Program (NOP), which established federal rules for the ... More


Organic Hits the Mainstream

Connor J. Fitzmaurice and Brian J. Gareau

in Organic Futures: Struggling for Sustainability on the Small Farm

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300199451
eISBN:
9780300224856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300199451.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

With the passage of the U.S. Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990, organic food left the fringes of America’s agricultural economy and received federal recognition— and regulation. But how did ... More


The Organic Act Becomes Law

Doloris Coulter Cogan

in We Fought the Navy and Won: Guam's Quest for Democracy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824830892
eISBN:
9780824869212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824830892.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses the passage of the organic act into law. Early in 1950, the Crawford bill, H.R. 4499, was transformed into the Peterson bill, H.R. 7273. The change of sponsorship reflected the ... More


Hawai‘i Drives Its Way into the Union

Dawn E. Duensing

in Hawaii's Scenic Roads: Paving the Way for Tourism in the Islands

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839284
eISBN:
9780824868239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839284.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

The mundane issue of roads helped clarify one of the most important questions of Hawai`i’s years as a U.S. territory: What was its status within the Union? In 1900 Congress organized a government for ... More


We Fought the Navy and Won: Guam's Quest for Democracy

Doloris Coulter Cogan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824830892
eISBN:
9780824869212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824830892.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This book is a carefully documented yet impassioned recollection of Guam's struggle to liberate itself from the absolutist rule of the U.S. Navy. It concentrates on five crucial years, 1945–1950, ... More


Ocean Chrysalis 1970–1980

Robert F. Rogers

in Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833343
eISBN:
9780824870287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter marks the start of Guam’s self-government—an event that has not occurred since its precontact days. Though the island did not meet the United Nations criteria for self-government due to ... More


Growing Up American

Eileen H. Tamura

in In Defense of Justice: Joseph Kurihara and the Japanese American Struggle for Equality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037788
eISBN:
9780252095061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037788.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces Kurihara's childhood in Hawaiʻi. Kurihara was born on January 1, 1895, two years after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy and three years before the U.S. Congress passed a ... More


Implementation of Martial Law and Military Government

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Martial law was declared in Hawai`i within hours of Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; it would last until October 1944. Although the territorial legislature had passed an emergency ... More


Introduction: War time Emergency Powers and Martial Law

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Immediately after the Pearl Harbor attack, habeas corpus was suspended, martial law was declared, and the entire population of Hawai`i was placed under a regime of military control of civilian life ... More


Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941: Martial Law and Selective Internment

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

In the years leading up to the war, the Chief of Staff for Military Intelligence was charged with guarding against subversion among the civilian population and encouraging loyalty to the United ... More


Boundaries

Richard B. Collins, Dale A. Oesterle, and Lawrence Friedman

in The Colorado State Constitution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190907723
eISBN:
9780190907754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907723.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains Article I of the Colorado Constitution, which defines the state’s boundaries. The constitution adopted the boundaries established by Congress under the Organic Act establishing ... More


Preservation Paradigms and Tropical Rain Forests

Randall A. Kramer and Carel P. van Schaik

in Last Stand: Protected Areas and the Defense of Tropical Biodiversity

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195095548
eISBN:
9780197560808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195095548.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Conservation of the Environment

Tropical rain forests are disappearing rapidly as a result of increasing human encroachment. During the past century, tropical rain forests have been reduced to about half of their original area. ... More


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