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Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Kendall Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This collection discusses the first commercial encounters between a China on the verge of social transformation and a fledgling United States struggling to assert itself globally as a distinct nation ... More


Codifying Extraterritoriality: The Chinese “Unequal Treaties”

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter charts the evolution of jurisdiction over foreigners in Qing China from the late nineteenth century through the Sino-British “Chefoo Convention” of 1876, which was the last British ... More


The Opium War and the British Empire, 1839–1842

in From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy: The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782241
eISBN:
9780804785389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782241.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the Opium War and the British empire during 1839–1842. New appreciation of the British as an empire contributed to the increased quantity of research conducted during the Opium ... More


The Regret of a Nation

Song-Chuan Chen

in Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Warlike party did not get its way entirely. To further elaborate the history of the Pacific party’s efforts in arguing against the war, this chapter shows how the British public opposed the war. ... More


Sovereign Rights, or America’s First Opium Problem

Dael A. Norwood

in Trading Freedom: How Trade with China Defined Early America

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226815589
eISBN:
9780226815596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226815596.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter tracks how the Opium War brought the China trade back to the center of American politics. Great Britain’s invasion of the China coast was widely covered by the American press. A close ... More


Civil and Other Wars — Rebels, Mercenaries and More Dope

Paul French

in Through the Looking Glass: China's Foreign Journalists from Opium Wars to Mao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099821
eISBN:
9789882207622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099821.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The foreigners who had arrived to claim their rights in the treaty port of Shanghai had barely begun to get to work when the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom suddenly appeared in revolt and threatened the ... More


Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Song-Chuan Chen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book challenges conventional arguments that the major driving forces of the First Opium War were the infamous opium smuggling trade, the defence of British national honour, and cultural ... More


Opium Transforms the Canton System

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 3 explains the growth of the opium trade and the business operations that flourished along with it. International credit was one of operations that prospered, and this in turn benefitted ... More


God, Mammon and Flag

Paul French

in Through the Looking Glass: China's Foreign Journalists from Opium Wars to Mao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099821
eISBN:
9789882207622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099821.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The birth of foreign newspapers and a foreign press corps in China really begins in the small enclave of Canton, the city now known as Guangzhou, in what were called the Factories, the somewhat ... More


Russell and Company and the Imperialism of Anglo-american Free Trade

Sibing He

in Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines one of the largest American trading firms in early nineteenth-century, China, Russell and Co., and discusses how the company worked with private British traders to advocate an ... More


Narco-Capitalism: Restraining The British In Shanghai, 1839–1927

Melissa Macauley

in Distant Shores: Colonial Encounters on China's Maritime Frontier

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780691213484
eISBN:
9780691220482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691213484.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses people who got rich in the opium trade in China: British, Americans, Parsis, and Chinese. Prior to 1858, when the sale and recreational use of the drug were illegal, fortunes ... More


Introduction

Song-Chuan Chen

in Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter expounds on how the making of war and British knowledge about China were intertwined, and proves a brief review on Opium War literature. What previous historiography saw as the reasons ... More


Sorting out China: British accounts from pre-Opium War Canton

John M. Carroll

in The Cultural Construction of the British World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097898
eISBN:
9781526104403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097898.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The Canton System, which regulated China's trade with the West from the mid-1700s until the Opium War (1839-1842), has often been held up as an example of everything that was wrong with Qing China ... More


China of the American Imagination: The Influence of Trade on US Portrayals of China, 1820 to 18501

John R. Haddad

in Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The China Trade inspired the imagination of many Americans in the decades after the Revolutionary War; yet, within the contemporary field of American Studies and literature, China's influence on the ... More


Social Fabric of a Collaborative Colonialism

Law Wing Sang

in Collaborative Colonial Power: The Making of the Hong Kong Chinese

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099296
eISBN:
9789882206755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the emergent formation of collaborative colonialism in the early colonial era: from the First Opium War (1840–1842) to the 1911 Republican Revolution. It notes that long ... More


The Creation of an Official Policy: The Unofficial Origins of a China Policy

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 7 relates the events that led up to the Cushing mission. The issue of opium trading was a matter of contention between the traders, the missionaries and the Americans at home. The stance ... More


The Burden of National Humiliation: Late Qing and Republican Years

Paul A. Cohen

in Speaking to History: The Story of King Goujian in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255791
eISBN:
9780520942394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255791.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Qing dynasty was overturned and a new order brought into being in 1911–1912. In the years after 1912, however, China lurched from one crisis to another. During these years of anguish and almost ... More


Engagement and Status Conflict

Christopher A. Ford

in The Mind of Empire: China's History and Modern Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192635
eISBN:
9780813135519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192635.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the first Sino-British conflict, also known as the Opium War, there existed an ideological competition between Sinic universalism and a European-derived diplomatic worldview that continued to ... More


Defining Xiamen: Trade and Migration before the Opium War (1839–1842)

Soon Keong Ong

in Coming Home to a Foreign Country: Xiamen and Returned Overseas Chinese, 1843-1938

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501756184
eISBN:
9781501756207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501756184.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter addresses the history and development of Xiamen. It presents a general overview of trade and migration through the port of Xiamen from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries, ... More


Old Canton and Its Trade

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The first chapter gives an overview of the lives American merchants led when they were in Macao and Canton. It describes the regulations that govern them when they arrive and depart and the lives of ... More


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