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Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Kendall Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This collection discusses the first commercial encounters between a China on the verge of social transformation and a fledgling United States struggling to assert itself globally as a distinct nation ... More


Ritual, ideology and politics

Mandy Sadan

in Being and Becoming Kachin: Histories Beyond the State in the Borderworlds of Burma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265550
eISBN:
9780191760341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265550.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the 1843 revolt from the perspective of the trans-Patkai region and possible connections with the Opium Wars. It explores the political and cultural contexts of ... More


The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the ... More


Autobiographical transactions

James Treadwell

in Autobiographical Writing and British Literature 1783-1834

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262977
eISBN:
9780191718724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262977.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter explores how the theme of the ‘self’ as an autonomous and expressive agent — the ‘Romantic’ self — is produced in texts. A case study of sets of works by Elizabeth Gooch and William ... More


Excavating Extraterritoriality: The Legacies of Legal Pluralism, Subjecthood, and State-Building in China and Japan

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter argues that prior to the Opium Wars in the mid-nineteenth century, both Qing China and Tokugawa Japan were familiar with the principle of personal jurisdiction and the existence of ... More


Codifying Extraterritoriality: The Chinese “Unequal Treaties”

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter charts the evolution of jurisdiction over foreigners in Qing China from the late nineteenth century through the Sino-British “Chefoo Convention” of 1876, which was the last British ... More


The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Rogerio Miguel Puga

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

For more than four centuries, Macau was the center of Portuguese trade and culture on the South China Coast. Until the founding of Hong Kong and the opening of other ports in the 1840s, it was also ... More


Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Song-Chuan Chen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book challenges conventional arguments that the major driving forces of the First Opium War were the infamous opium smuggling trade, the defence of British national honour, and cultural ... More


Engagement and Status Conflict

Christopher A. Ford

in The Mind of Empire: China's History and Modern Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192635
eISBN:
9780813135519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192635.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the first Sino-British conflict, also known as the Opium War, there existed an ideological competition between Sinic universalism and a European-derived diplomatic worldview that continued to ... More


The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Jacques M. Downs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Before the opening of the treaty ports in the 1840s, Canton was the only Chinese port where foreign merchants were allowed to trade.The Golden Ghetto takes us into the world of one of this city's ... More


Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

James Tharin Bradford

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book explores the history of the Afghan drug trade during the 20th century, detailing how, and why, Afghan rulers struggled to balance the benefits of the Afghan drug trade, both legal and ... More


The Creation of an Official Policy: The Unofficial Origins of a China Policy

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 7 relates the events that led up to the Cushing mission. The issue of opium trading was a matter of contention between the traders, the missionaries and the Americans at home. The stance ... More


The Mission to China

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

Cushing set off in the summer of 1843 and arrived at Macao in February 1844. He spent three months there and listened to the American merchants’ suggestions regarding the commercial interest of the ... More


Retrospection

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

Cushing tested the treaty, especially on the issue of extraterritoriality via the Hsu A-man case and found out how the treaty protected the Americans. The treaty was well received by both the ... More


Old Canton and Its Trade

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The first chapter gives an overview of the lives American merchants led when they were in Macao and Canton. It describes the regulations that govern them when they arrive and depart and the lives of ... More


American Business under the Old System

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 2 describes how American merchants conduct their business under the Old system. The most profitable trade were tea and silk. Foreign merchants were regulated by the Canton System and their ... More


Opium Transforms the Canton System

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 3 explains the growth of the opium trade and the business operations that flourished along with it. International credit was one of operations that prospered, and this in turn benefitted ... More


The Dominant Firms

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 4 explains the rise of the firms of influence in China. One of the most remarkable figures was Cushing who made his firm Perkins & Co prosper. A major reason for his successes was with his ... More


The Other Houses

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 5 is on the smaller firms that operated in Canton. The firms mentioned include: Russell Sturgis & Co., Augustine Heard & Co., Olyphant & Co. and Wetmore & Co. The former were absorbed by ... More


The China Trader

Jacques M. Downs

in The Golden Ghetto: The American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888139095
eISBN:
9789888313327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 6 explains the life of the China trader, how they were admitted into the firms, their road to promotion as partner to how they spend their time after they left China. The traders often come ... More


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