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H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Sander Gliboff

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The German translation of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species appeared in 1860, just months after the original, thanks to Heinrich Georg Bronn, a distinguished German paleontologist whose work ... More


Darwin’s Origin

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0040
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin did not share all of Heinrich Georg Bronn’s concerns about the status of biology and paleontology as independent Wissenschaften. Unlike Bronn, Darwin was not interested in patterns in ... More


Deciphering Darwin’s Trees

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines Charles Darwin's various evolutionary trees, which deal more with his attempts to understand the process of evolution than its pattern. The idea of “descent with modification,” ... More


Atoning for the Sin of Speculation

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin’s well-known authorial decisions before publishing Origin were attempts to correct mistakes in his earlier efforts to author theories. He persisted in feeling he had erred by revealing his ... More


Darwin and the Darwinians

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species discusses why species evolve to be distinct from parental forms, and how they have done so. Darwin's definition of species is simply that they do not ... More


Introduction

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species in 1859 and sent complimentary copies to perhaps a dozen German scientists. One of those who received a copy was Heinrich Georg Bronn, ... More


Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0061
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ernst Haeckel not only promoted, defended, and elaborated upon Charles Darwin’s theory, but also unified biology within a historical framework and developed a practical program of research into ... More


Mr. Darwin’s Religion

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter deals with how Charles Darwin suffered from chronic anxiety while working on his evolution theory, which can largely be attributed to the conflict between religion and evolution. His On ... More


Bronn’s Origin

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0051
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter offers a sampling of individual infelicities and “errors” in Heinrich Georg Bronn’s German translation of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species and examines the issues that arose ... More


Childhood in Post-Darwinian Psychiatry

Shuttleworth Sally

in The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines discourses concerning child insanity in England during the 19th century. After Charles Darwin's publication of On the Origin of Species, the ideas of inheritance came to play an ... More


Conclusion

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0072
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book has examined the texts, the translation process, and especially the intellectual context in which Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was written and interpreted. The result is a very ... More


H. G. Bronn and the History of Nature

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0030
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Heinrich Georg Bronn developed his approach to the history of life in Handbuch einer Geschichte der Natur (Handbook of a history of nature) in the 1840s, as well as in the mature reformulation of his ... More


From Man to Ape: Darwinism in Argentina, 1870-1920

Adriana Novoa and Alex Levine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226596167
eISBN:
9780226596181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226596181.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Upon its publication, On The Origin of Species was critically embraced in Europe and North America. But how did Charles Darwin's theories fare in other regions of the world? This book offers a ... More


Peter Kropotkin: Anarchist, Revolutionary, Dreamer

Oren Harman

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Evolution is a game of survival of the fittest, and to survive, organisms have to compete. But does competition always lead to a struggle between and within species, or can it also lead to ... More


What is ecological speciation?

Patrik Nosil

in Ecological Speciation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199587100
eISBN:
9780191810107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587100.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter defines ecological speciation as the process by which barriers to gene flow evolve between populations as a result of ecologically based divergent selection between environments. It ... More


Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Alistair Sponsel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book offers a new explanation for Charles Darwin’s apparent caution in publishing On the Origin of Species, which appeared more than two decades after he privately developed his first theories ... More


Introduction

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introduction forecasts the book’s main argument, that caution was not Charles Darwin’s original attitude toward publishing, and lays out what is at stake in examining Darwin’s self-fashioning as ... More


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