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Chronology of Paleogene Mammal Localities

Erik R. Seiffert

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Afro-Arabian fossil record of Paleogene evolution of mammals is poor compared with those from northern continents, but it is steadily improving. Age constraints on early African mammal localities ... More


Marsupialia

Gregg F. Gunnell

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The fossil record of pouched mammals (cohort Marsupialia) in Africa is extremely limited, although it could be relatively ancient if a tooth described as a marsupial from the Cretaceous of Madagascar ... More


Ptolemaiida

Gregg F. Gunnell, Philip D. Gingerich, and Patricia A. Holroyd

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ptolemaiidae is an enigmatic family of fossil mammals that has proven difficult to classify. Osborn (1908) proposed the family based on Ptolemaia lyonsi, represented by a single lower jaw from ... More


Embrithopoda

William J. Sanders, D. Tab Rasmussen, and John Kappelman

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Embrithopoda is represented in the Afro-Arabian fossil record by Arsinoitherium and Namatherium. Physically impressive, Arsinoitherium superficially resembled extant rhinos in the ornamentation of ... More


Paleogene Anthropoids

Erik R. Seiffert, Elwyn L. Simons, John G. Fleagle, and Marc Godinot

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Anthropoid primates were among the most common members of Afro-Arabian mammal faunas during the late Paleogene, and they may have been present on that landmass as early as the late Paleocene. ... More


Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea

Terry Harrison

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Catarrhine primates of modern aspect closely related to extant hominoids and cercopithecoids originated in Afro-Arabia during the late Oligocene. These taxa share key derived features with extant ... More


Chiroptera

Gregg F. Gunnell

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0030
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The fossil record of bats is relatively poor, although there are places (for example, the Quercy karst deposits in France) where bat fossils can be quite common. Except for some exceptional ... More


Kindling

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

What does it take to make a fire? The factors underlying fire can be illustrated with a triangle, and five fire triangles, relevant to different scales in area and time, have been defined. Let’s ... More


Prometheus

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

It is sometimes said that humans were born of fire. While a wide range of animal species interact with fire, we appear to be the only species to have learned to tame it, and more importantly to ... More


The Shortgrass Steppe: The Region and Research Sites

William K. Lauenroth and Ingrid C. Burke

in Title Page

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The central grassland region of North America (Fig. 1.1) is the largest contiguous grassland environment on earth. Prior to European settlement, it was a vast, treeless area characterized by dense ... More


Past Changes in Ocean Carbonate Chemistry

Richard E. Zeebe and Andy Ridgwell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the period from 1750 to 2000, the oceans have absorbed about one-third of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by humans. As the CO2 dissolves in seawater, the oceans become more acidic and ... More


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