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French Democracy: The Natural Destiny of a People

Cheryl B. Welch

in De Tocqueville

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198781318
eISBN:
9780191695414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198781318.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shifts the analysis of democracy from using American examples in addressing European problems to focusing on the shape of France democracy using Tocqueville's texts: Democracy in ... More


Introduction

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

The introduction sets out the contexts for understanding the early modern French state's decision to intervene proactively in its subjects' reproductive lives. It defines pronatalism, a terms that ... More


Implementing Pronatalist Policy

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Louis XIV's 1666 pronatalist policy offered tax privileges to fathers of ten or more children in order to encourage marriage and abundant procreation. This chapter offers a picture of the day‐to‐day ... More


Tocqueville in Our Times

Cheryl B. Welch

in De Tocqueville

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198781318
eISBN:
9780191695414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198781318.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This last chapter tries to put the ideas of Tocqueville in perspective in the modern world. It reflects explicitly on his role in stimulating reflections on democratic dilemmas by public ... More


Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Leslie Tuttle

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Between 1666 and 1789, France's Old Regime government used the king's legislative authority to promote marriage and prolific reproduction. This book studies the royal pronatalist law masterminded by ... More


Moderation and the “Intertwining of Powers”: Jacques Necker’s Constitutionalism

Aurelian Craiutu

in A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146768
eISBN:
9781400842421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146768.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines political moderation in the writings of Jacques Necker, with particular emphasis on his views on constitutionalism. Necker occupies a special place in the history of political ... More


Politics and Theater: The Crisis of Legitimacy in Restoration France, 1815-1830

Sheryl Kroen

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222144
eISBN:
9780520924383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222144.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Molière's anticlerical comedy Tartuffe is the unique prism through which this book views postrevolutionary France in the years of the Restoration. Following the lead of the French men and women who ... More


A Nation within the Nation?: The Jews of Old Regime France

Schechter Ronald

in Obstinate Hebrews: Representations of Jews in France, 1715-1815

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235571
eISBN:
9780520929357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235571.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

One of the most remarkable facts about the Jews of Old Regime France, when one considers its history in the longue durée, is that they existed after all. Charles VI had banned the Jews from the ... More


The Republics at Rome and Naples

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0027
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses the peace that prevailed on the Continent from the signing of the treaty of Campo Formio in October 1797 to the attack on Rome by the King of Naples in November 1798, which ... More


Networks of Knowledge

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explains how, in the wake of the French Revolution's devastating inflation, local, peer-to-peer credit markets recuperated slowly. After such enormous losses, conditions for lending were ... More


Why Moderation?

Aurelian Craiutu

in A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146768
eISBN:
9781400842421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146768.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book explores moderation in French political thought during the period 1748–1830 by focusing on a wide range of political, historical, sociological, and philosophical writings related to the ... More


Introduction: Romantic Catholics and the Two Frances

Carol E. Harrison

in Romantic Catholics: France's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452451
eISBN:
9780801470592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book focuses on a postrevolutionary generation of French men and women who turned to Catholicism to resolve the dilemma of separating the “wreckage” of the Old Regime and the French Revolution ... More


Tocqueville’s Burke, or Story as History

Ralph Lerner

in "Na"ive Readings": Reveilles Political and Philosophic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226353296
eISBN:
9780226353326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226353326.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Edmund Burke and Alexis de Tocqueville each engaged all their art in retelling their respective nation’s history with a view to reshaping prevailing perceptions. For all their overlapping beliefs, ... More


A Genealogy of Terror in Eighteenth-Century France

Ronald Schechter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226499574
eISBN:
9780226499604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226499604.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

We tend to think of terror as a bad thing, but this was not always the case. In eighteenth-century France the word “terror” had largely positive connotations. God was said to instill terror in the ... More


Introduction: Inventing Citizenship in the Revolutionary Marketplace

Katie Jarvis

in Politics in the Marketplace: Work, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190917111
eISBN:
9780190917142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917111.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter introduces the over 1,000 Parisian market women known as the Dames des Halles and outlines how Politics in the Marketplace changes understandings of work, gender, and citizenship in the ... More


Conclusion

Guy Rowlands

in The Financial Decline of a Great Power: War, Influence, and Money in Louis XIV's France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199585076
eISBN:
9780191744600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585076.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The first section summarises the post-1700 geostrategic circumstances which pushed up the costs of war, and recapitulates the French government's mismanagement of many aspects of its finances: in ... More


Introduction: Savants, Artisans, Artistes

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This introductory chapter focuses on the artiste to explain the relationship among science, the mechanical arts, and the state in Old Regime France. Its main chronological arc is between the ... More


The Dames des Halles: Economic Lynchpins and the People Personified

Katie Jarvis

in Politics in the Marketplace: Work, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190917111
eISBN:
9780190917142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917111.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines how the Dames des Halles derived their influence from their roles as retailers in the food trade and as traditional representatives of the Third Estate. It draws on evidence ... More


Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

J.B. Shank

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A pervasive understanding holds that the foundation of calculus-based mathematical physics was laid by Issac Newton in his epochal treatise Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica of 1687. In ... More


The Great Demarcation: The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property

Rafe Blaufarb

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199778799
eISBN:
9780190607159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778799.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The French Revolution remade the system of property-holding that had existed in France before 1789. This book engages with this historical process not from an economic or social perspective, but from ... More


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