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“In Terms of Peoples Rather Than Nations”: World War II Propaganda and Conceptions of U.S. Foreign Policy

Justin Hart

in The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231201
eISBN:
9780823240791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231201.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter highlights the Office of War Information's (OWI) crucial role in the formulation of postwar foreign policy and provides a thorough examination of the agency. It ... More


“The Projection of America”: Propaganda as Foreign Policy at the Office of War Information

Justin Hart

in Empire of Ideas: The Origins of Public Diplomacy and the Transformation of U. S. Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199777945
eISBN:
9780190254483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777945.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the use of propaganda as part of the foreign policy of the United States during and after World War II. More specifically, it considers the Office of War Information's (OWI) ... More


Wartime, Unity and Alienation

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the United States film industry during the Second World War. The film industry and its personnel were recruited for the war effort. Directors such as Frank Capra and John Ford ... More


Essential Driving and Vital Cars American Automobile Culture in World War II

Sarah Frohardt-Lane

in Oil Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816689682
eISBN:
9781452949314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689682.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter examines automobile culture in the United States during World War II, with particular emphasis on the Office of War Information’s propaganda that implored Americans to alter their ... More


The Initial Year of the Advertising Council

Inger L. Stole

in Advertising at War: Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037122
eISBN:
9780252094231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037122.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter looks at the strategizing and planning efforts that went into the Advertising Council. It outlines the Council’s organizational setup and its working relationship with the government’s ... More


Administering Poetic Breath for the People: Charles Olson and Amiri Baraka

Lisa Siraganian

in Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796557
eISBN:
9780199932542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796557.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores Charles Olson’s and Amiri Baraka’s various ways of letting the body into their writing. Olson’s Maximus (1960-1970), for example, equates fidelity to a viewer’s particular ... More


“A Treacherous Tightrope”: The Office of War Information, Psychological Warfare, and Film Distribution in Liberated Europe

Alice Lovejoy

in Cinema's Military Industrial Complex

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520291508
eISBN:
9780520965263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291508.003.0017
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter, by Alice Lovejoy, chronicles the United States Office of War Information’s plans to distribute forty Hollywood feature films in liberated Europe under the auspices of the Supreme ... More


One World, Big Screen: The United Nations and American Horizons

M. Todd Bennett

in One World, Big Screen: Hollywood, the Allies, and World War II

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835746
eISBN:
9781469601465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807837467_bennett.8
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter investigates the role played by movies in disseminating knowledge about the wider world, placing the United States at the center of the global community. Studies reveal that Americans ... More


Advertising, Washington, and the Renamed War Advertising Council

Inger L. Stole

in Advertising at War: Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037122
eISBN:
9780252094231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037122.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter considers the debate over payment for the government’s home front promotions, which pitted the media’s desire for increased advertising revenues against concerns about government ... More


The Increasing Role of the War Advertising Council

Inger L. Stole

in Advertising at War: Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037122
eISBN:
9780252094231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037122.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter details the Council’s activities throughout 1944. It studies how individual advertisers were coached to stay on course, sacrificing money, resources, and some of their creative ... More


“We, as Musicians, Are Soldiers, Too…”

Annegret Fauser

in Sounds of War: Music in the United States during World War II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199948031
eISBN:
9780199345953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948031.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

Men and women faced a number of challenges and opportunities with the onset of World War II. This chapter explores how individuals in the United States dealt with this global conflict, whether they ... More


“Foreign Relations, Domestic Affairs”: The Consolidation of U.S. Public Diplomacy

Justin Hart

in Empire of Ideas: The Origins of Public Diplomacy and the Transformation of U. S. Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199777945
eISBN:
9780190254483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777945.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the unification of U.S. foreign relations and domestic affairs as core components of the public diplomacy matrix during the Cold War. It starts by analyzing President Harry S. ... More


Peace and the New World Order

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

With the end of World War II in sight, Republicans in Spain began to concert their efforts to engage international support for their cause. In the United States, Rep. John Coffey had tried ... More


Idea-Weapons: Documentary Propaganda

Jeffrey Geiger

in American Documentary Film: Projecting the Nation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621477
eISBN:
9780748670796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621477.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 5 focuses on propaganda documentaries of the Second World War, when documentary took a dominant public role extending far beyond any it had played before. This era's marriage of propaganda ... More


Voices of the Occupation: U.S. Broadcasting to France during World War II

Derek W. Vaillant

in Across the Waves: How the United States and France Shaped the International Age of Radio

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041419
eISBN:
9780252050015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041419.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

During the German occupation of France (1940-44), in addition to the broadcasts of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), shortwave broadcasters in the United States, such as NBC, and later, the ... More


Lifeboat (1944)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0013
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the influence of Production Code censors and the Office of War Information on the tale of survivors of a U-boat attack confined to a lifeboat commandeered by the captain of the ... More


The War Effort

Joel Sachs

in Henry Cowell: A Man Made of Music

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195108958
eISBN:
9780190268015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195108958.003.0043
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on Henry Cowell's role in World War II. In 1943, Henry was hired by the Office of War Information (OWI), a new version of the Foreign Intelligence Service, as associate music ... More


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