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Introduction

Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kircheimer, and Raymond Geuss

Raffaele Laudani (ed.)

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This introduction discusses the Frankfurt School's contribution to the United States' World War II effort. In particular, it examines the role played by three German scholars and prominent members of ... More


Kilsoo Haan, American Intelligence, and the Anticipated Japanese Invasion of California, 1931–1943

Brian Masaru Hayashi

in Pacific America: Histories of Transoceanic Crossings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824855765
eISBN:
9780824875596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855765.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

To what extent did U.S. intelligence believe that Imperial Japanese forces would invade the West Coast, an idea that many believe was responsible for the alleged atmosphere of wartime hysteria that ... More


World War II: Social Scientists in the Physicists’ War

Michael C. Desch

in Cult of the Irrelevant: The Waning Influence of Social Science on National Security

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691181219
eISBN:
9780691184906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the role of social science in the war effort. As the Second World War demonstrated, sophisticated social science methods are certainly sometimes applicable to policy. In ... More


The Facts of War: Cinematic Intelligence and the Office of Strategic Services

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter tells the story of the OSS Field Photographic Unit (FPU) and its impact on American cinema and society. Led by the legendary Hollywood film director John Ford, the FPU produced training, ... More


Mr. Rockefeller’s Office

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0028
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter details Nelson Rockefeller's appointment as the government's Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs at the outset of World War II. In its broadest aspects the Office of the Coordinator of ... More


Introduction

Sidney Pash

in The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231201
eISBN:
9780823240791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231201.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

John Chambers' wide-ranging scholarship, which includes studies of the Progressive era, the peace movement, United States foreign relations, conscientious objectors, the Army ... More


Intelligence for an American Century: Creating the CIA

Huw Dylan, David V. Gioe, and Michael S. Goodman

in The CIA and the Pursuit of Security: History, Documents and Contexts

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474428842
eISBN:
9781474485043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474428842.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter is an introduction to US intelligence mechanisms before the CIA was created. The focus is on Civil War and codebreaking mechanisms in the First World War. Most of the chapter focuses on ... More


Beat Publics and the “Middle-Aged” Left

Todd F. Tietchen

in Cubalogues: Beat Writers in Revolutionary Havana

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035208
eISBN:
9780813039633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035208.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter centers on journalist Marc Schleifer's epilogue to Negroes with Guns and his own “Cuban Notebook,” both of which he composed while interviewing Williams in Havana. Schleifer's work from ... More


Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, and Otto Kirchheimer

Raffaele Laudani (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

During World War II, three prominent members of the Frankfurt School—Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, and Otto Kirchheimer—worked as intelligence analysts for the Office of Strategic Services, the ... More


The Postwar Intelligence Debate and the CIA

David P. Hadley

in The Rising Clamor: The American Press, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Cold War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177373
eISBN:
9780813177403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177373.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the dissolution of the World War II–era U.S. intelligence agency, the Office of Strategic Services. Facing competition from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the military ... More


Scholars and Spies: Worldly Knowledge and the Predicament of the University

Nicholas B. Dirks

in Autobiography of an Archive: A Scholar's Passage to India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169677
eISBN:
9780231538510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169677.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the role played by many of Franz Boas's closest students and colleagues in military intelligence and espionage for the United States's war effort in World War II. Boas, the ... More


American Spies and American Catholics

Michael Graziano

in Errand into the Wilderness of Mirrors: Religion and the History of the CIA

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780226767406
eISBN:
9780226767543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767543.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 1 investigates how OSS Director William Donovan’s Catholicism informed his leadership of OSS and shaped the intelligence agency’s interest in working with the Vatican. Donovan’s encounters ... More


A Science of Decency

Peter Harries-Jones

in Upside-Down Gods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270347
eISBN:
9780823270385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270347.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Bateson and Margaret Mead develop an activist stance to encourage the United States to enter into World War Two, and when war breaks out, Mead holds a senior position in food programs in Washington ... More


Refining the Religious Approach

Michael Graziano

in Errand into the Wilderness of Mirrors: Religion and the History of the CIA

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780226767406
eISBN:
9780226767543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767543.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 2 outlines how the OSS developed its relationships with religious people, groups, and institutions as it began operationalizing its “religious approach” to intelligence. By partnering with ... More


‘What is Past is Prologue’: Hollywood’s History of the OSS and the Establishment of the CIA

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

At the end of the Second World War, the OSS were swiftly disbanded. In response, OSS chief William “Wild Bill” Donovan launched a massive public relations campaign to celebrate the wartime activities ... More


Errand into the Wilderness of Mirrors: Religion and the History of the CIA

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780226767406
eISBN:
9780226767543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767543.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book explores how the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), and its spiritual successor the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), studied and engaged religious traditions around the world in the ... More


Behemoth and Beyond

Jens Meierhenrich

in The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat: An Ethnography of Nazi Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198814412
eISBN:
9780191851964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814412.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Few issues in the historiography of the “Third Reich” have provoked as much acrimony in the academy as the debate over the nature of the Nazi state. To enable readers to appreciate Fraenkel’s ... More


The Country of the Mind Must Also Attack

Kathy Peiss

in Information Hunters: When Librarians, Soldiers, and Spies Banded Together in World War II Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190944612
eISBN:
9780190944643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944612.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, European Modern History

With war imminent, Librarian of Congress Archibald MacLeish and William “Wild Bill” Donovan, soon to be head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), forged a new relationship between libraries and ... More


‘Just another Kraut’? The Wehrmacht Traitor as ‘Good German’ in Hollywood’s Decision before Dawn (1951)

Patrick Major

in Mediating War and Identity: Figures of Transgression in 20th- and 21st-century War Representation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474446266
eISBN:
9781474495141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474446266.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Decision before Dawn (Twentieth Century-Fox, 1951) was based on the true story of a Wehrmacht prisoner-of-war, code-name ‘Happy’, who volunteered for the American Office of Strategic Services in 1945 ... More


Making Something out of Nothing: The Creation of U.S. Nuclear Intelligence

Vince Houghton

in The Nuclear Spies: America's Atomic Intelligence Operation against Hitler and Stalin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739590
eISBN:
9781501739606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739590.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

The second chapter discusses the creation of America’s atomic intelligence organization under the direction of Brigadier General Leslie Groves. At first, American scientists believed they could keep ... More


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