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Promises and Politics: Head Start Sets the Stage in the 1960s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The creation of the federal Head Start program in 1965 put the needs of young children from poor families on the national agenda. Head Start was inspired both by research suggesting the promise of ... More


The Rise of the Public Religious Welfare State: Black Religion and the Negotiation of Church/State Boundaries during the War on Poverty

Omar M. McRoberts

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This essay conceptualizes the War on Poverty as a period during which public religious capacities were incorporated into the institutional apparatus of the national welfare state. Such incorporation ... More


The New Model Army

THOMAS KIFFMEYER

in Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125091
eISBN:
9780813135175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125091.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Loyal Jones, CSM's assistant director, encountered a crucial challenge. The headquarters of the movement was moved to Bristol as it was closer to the heart of the mountains. The Council was ... More


Recasting the Community Action Program: The Pursuit of Race, Class, and Gender Equality in Los Angeles

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

in Reinventing Citizenship: Black Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681112
eISBN:
9781452947945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the contributions of African American social worker Opal C. Jones through the Neighborhood Adult Participation Project (NAPP). Jones fought against racial discrimination by ... More


They Could Make Some Decisions: The War on Poverty and Community Action

Greta de Jong

in You Can't Eat Freedom: Southerners and Social Justice After the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629308
eISBN:
9781469629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629308.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the impact of the War on Poverty in rural southern plantation counties and the threat that it posed to the people in power. Direct access to the Office of Economic Opportunity’s ... More


The Fight to Preserve Local Control

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the Office of Economic Opportunity’s shift away from local ideas. This primarily entailed OEO funding fewer projects originating from local people and instead pushing national ... More


The Trouble with “Washington’s Way”

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Many of Craven County’s leaders continue efforts to remove COP’s first executive director from his job, feeling that he was more interested in meeting federal guidelines than with working with local ... More


Triumphs of Moderation

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces Craven Operation Progress’s new executive director who desired to ensure more poor people were reached, especially the white poor who were participating in very low numbers. A ... More


Mississippi Republicans and the Politics of Poverty

Emma J. Folwell

in The War on Poverty in Mississippi: From Massive Resistance to New Conservatism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781496827395
eISBN:
9781496827425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496827395.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter six explores the impact of the election of Richard Nixon on the war on poverty. It uncovers the conversations in the new Republican administration regarding the fate of the war on poverty, ... More


Epilogue

Robert R. Korstad

in To Right These Wrongs: The North Carolina Fund and the Battle to End Poverty and Inequality in 1960s America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833797
eISBN:
9781469603674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895740_korstad.11
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on Richard Nixon's campaign to “snuff out” the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO). He demanded the resignation of then director Phillip V. Sanchez and other senior staff, ... More


An Unexpected Rise in Outside Intervention

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the increased intervention from the Office of Economic Opportunity and the North Carolina Fund in Craven Operation Progress matters. Federal officials within both the OEO and ... More


Say It Isn’t So, Sarge

Crystal R. Sanders

in A Chance for Change: Head Start and Mississippi's Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627809
eISBN:
9781469627823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627809.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter recounts how segregationists’ political pressure led Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) Director Sargent Shriver to back away from the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) and ... More


The Family Assistance Plan and the End of Work

James Livingston

in No More Work: Why 'Full Employment' is a Bad Idea, or, what Happens when Work Disappears

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630656
eISBN:
9781469630670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630656.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes the US Congress’s attempts to pass a universal basic income scheme in 1970. It details the work of Nixon Administration operatives, Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney, to ... More


The Greenville Air Base Demonstration and the Community Action Program, January–December 1966

Sue [Lorenzi] Sojourner and Cheryl Reitan

in Thunder of Freedom: Black Leadership and the Transformation of 1960s Mississippi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813140933
eISBN:
9780813141374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140933.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

Several from Holmes County joined the group attending the Poor Peoples Conference in Greenville, a hundred miles northwest of Holmes. Mississippi had refused to draw money from the federal Office of ... More


The Carcassonne Square Dance: A True Revival

Susan Eike Spalding

in Appalachian Dance: Creativity and Continuity in Six Communities

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038549
eISBN:
9780252096457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038549.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter examines the revival of the Carcassonne square dance in Carcassonne, Eastern Kentucky. In its current incarnation, the Carcassonne square dance began spontaneously in 1967, soon after ... More


From South Africa to Mississippi

Thomas J. Ward

in Out in the Rural: A Mississippi Health Center and Its War on Poverty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190624620
eISBN:
9780190624651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624620.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In order to bring health care to chronically poor blacks in the Deep South, Geiger and members of the Medical Committee on Human Rights allied with Tufts University to obtain Office of Economic ... More


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