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Transnational Knowledge, American Hegemony: Social Scientists in US-Occupied Japan

Miriam Kingsberg Kadia

in How Knowledge Moves: Writing the Transnational History of Science and Technology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226605852
eISBN:
9780226606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226606040.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Many scholars have examined American support for natural sciences and engineering throughout the postwar world, resulting in a transnational network of knowledge production centered on the United ... More


Bullets of a Defeated Nation: The 1946 Shibuya Incident

Adam Cathcart

in In the Ruins of the Japanese Empire: Imperial Violence, State Destruction, and the Reordering of Modern East Asia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9789888528288
eISBN:
9789882206571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528288.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

In this chapter Adam Cathcart turns our attention to the black markets and shattered streets of the city formerly known as Imperial Tokyo. In so doing he zeros in on a violent confrontation and riot ... More


Coeducation in the Age of “Good Wife, Wise Mother”: Koizumi Ikuko’s Quest for “Equality of Opportunity”

Julia C. Bullock

in Rethinking Japanese Feminisms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824866693
eISBN:
9780824876937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866693.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Although postwar conservatives argued that coeducation was “forced” on Japanese people as part of Occupation-era reforms, in fact a number of progressive Japanese educators began advocating for ... More


Sexual Diplomacy: U.S. Catholics’ Transnational Anti–Birth Control Activism in Postwar Japan

Aiko Takeuchi-Demirci

in Devotions and Desires: Histories of Sexuality and Religion in the Twentieth-Century United States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636269
eISBN:
9781469636276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636269.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter demonstrates how transnational religious networks, racial tensions, and competing sexual norms affected official policies during social and political changes in postwar Japan and the ... More


Japan and Australia, 1944–1946: The Early Domestic and Regional Context

Dean Aszkielowicz

in The Australian Pursuit of Japanese War Criminals, 1943-1957: From Foe to Friend

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390724
eISBN:
9789888390427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390724.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

When the Second World War ended, the Australian government sought to establish the country as a major player in regional diplomacy. An early focus of Australia’s new and energetic foreign policy ... More


The Changing Political Context

Dean Aszkielowicz

in The Australian Pursuit of Japanese War Criminals, 1943-1957: From Foe to Friend

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390724
eISBN:
9789888390427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390724.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

During the early years of the Australian trials, the international political context was favourable. The U.S. led Occupation of Japan was focused on reforming or punishing Japan. The threat of ... More


Communicating Democracy: American Social Science and the Enlightenment of the Intellectual

Adam Bronson

in One Hundred Million Philosophers: Science of Thought and the Culture of Democracy in Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824855338
eISBN:
9780824869120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855338.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Members of Science of Thought regarded World War II as resulting in a shift in intellectual, cultural, and economic dynamism away from Old World centers to the United States. In order to recreate ... More


The Imperatives of Waste

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

in Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501725845
eISBN:
9781501725852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501725845.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the poverty of the immediate postwar, waste of various kinds was considered dangerous and uncivilized, and waste consciousness was seen as a necessity. Whether it was making the most of food or ... More


The Negative Origins of Postwar Thought

Adam Bronson

in One Hundred Million Philosophers: Science of Thought and the Culture of Democracy in Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824855338
eISBN:
9780824869120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855338.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

After the war, postwar intellectuals forged a negative image of the prewar and wartime years, centered on the elite culture of Imperial Higher Schools, which many of them had attended. During the ... More


Tariffs

Carmel Finley

in All the Boats on the Ocean: How Government Subsidies Led to Global Overfishing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226443379
eISBN:
9780226443409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226443409.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

The US moved swiftly after World War II to reduce tariffs for its trading partners, causing widespread dislocation in many domestic industries. Fishing was one of the first to feel the impact of low ... More


Continuity and Change in Hollywood’s Representations of American-Asian Relations in War and Peace

Robert Brent Toplin

in Divided Lenses: Screen Memories of War in East Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824851514
eISBN:
9780824869045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824851514.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

In “Continuity and Change in Hollywood’s Representations of American-Asian Relations in War and Peace” Toplin examines Japanese, Chinese, and to a lesser extent, Korean characters in American films ... More


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