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The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Alexandra Gheciu

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

It has become almost a cliché in many Euro-Atlantic political and academic circles to argue that the transatlantic security community that defines itself around liberal-democratic values is facing a ... More


Introduction—Thinking about Security in the Twenty‐First Century

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first chapter sets the scene by placing the analysis within the framework of debates about developments in the transatlantic security community in the post-9/11 world. It explains this book's ... More


The OSCE: Inclusive Security Practices and Their Limits

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines some of the key OSCE initiatives adopted in the name of combating international terrorism, showing how the organization has sought to cast itself as a relevant, in some ways, ... More


Conclusion

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final chapter explores the ways in which the EU, NATO, and the OSCE have related to each other in their (theoretically joint) effort to prevent and combat international terrorism. Drawing on the ... More


Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy

Karen E. Smith

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the particular role of Western actors in strengthening the process of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The actors involved in the ‘Western project’ are individual Western states ... More


Nationalism in Transition: Nationalizing Impulses and International Counterweights in Latvia and Estonia

Julie Bernier

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalizing impulses in countries with substantial ethnic minorities often provoke counter‐mobilization by those minorities. This chapter looks at the effectiveness of international organizations ... More


The Diplomatic Dimension

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Poses the question of whether diplomacy could have helped avoid a war in Kosovo while protecting the Kosovar Albanians. It argues that the narrative of the international response is inherently ... More


Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Heidi Hardt

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

In conflict-affected regions, delays in international response can have life or death consequences. The speed with which international organizations react to crises affects the prospects for ... More


Minority Rights: Norms and Institutions

Gudmundur Alfredsson

in New Institutions for Human Rights Protection

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570546
eISBN:
9780191705496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570546.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter outlines and analyses the main human rights and minority rights instruments that have been adopted by a range of international and regional organizations; presents an overview of ... More


Initial Settlement Attempts

Marc Weller

in Contested Statehood: Kosovo's Struggle for Independence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199566167
eISBN:
9780191705373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter continues to trace the recent history of Kosovo within the context of the dissolution of the Yugoslav federation. Picking up in 1991, it examines the fall-out from the Serbian and ... More


The Outbreak of Violence and the Hill Negotiations

Marc Weller

in Contested Statehood: Kosovo's Struggle for Independence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199566167
eISBN:
9780191705373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter traces the gradual escalation of the Kosovo crisis in the aftermath of the Dayton accords. Fearing potential engagement of neighbouring Macedonia and/or Albania, the international ... More


Political Regimes in Central Asia: Two Decades after Independence

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the lack of true democracy in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan in order to set the stage for a presentation of the study's findings. In the mid-1980s the leadership in ... More


Between Mediation and NegotiationHCNM Interventions in Identity Conflicts

Fedor Meerts and Tassos Coulaloglou

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter analyzes the unique role of the High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) as an external intervener in internal ... More


The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and European Security Law

Marco Odello

in European Security Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199218622
eISBN:
9780191696114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218622.003.0013
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter analyses the aims, purposes, and work of the organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and examines the legal aspects of institutional action in the area of security ... More


Legitimacy and International Organizations—the Case of the OSCE

Ingo Peters

in Legitimating International Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199672097
eISBN:
9780191756030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672097.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the contestation of the OSCE’s legitimacy by Russia on the one hand, and the US and Germany on the other. It highlights that international organisations are not only ... More


Why Speed of Response Matters

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the impact of efficiency on conflict-affected populations and on the effectiveness of interventions. It details the conditions under which speed of response enhances prospects ... More


Preventive Diplomacy in Post–Cold War Europe

Erin K. Jenne

in Nested Security: Lessons in Conflict Management from the League of Nations and the European Union

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453908
eISBN:
9781501701276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453908.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines cases of preventive diplomacy in the postcommunist period. At the end of the Cold War, ethnic conflicts threatened to break out in Yugoslavia, Moldova, Romania, the Baltic ... More


Evidencing the Case for ‘Hate Crime’

Joanna Perry

in Responding to hate crime: The case for connecting policy and research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447308768
eISBN:
9781447311669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308768.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

‘Hate crime’ is a relatively new concept in the international criminal justice policy arena. Diverse social, political and historical contexts produce inconsistent terminology, data collection ... More


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