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Disadvantage

Jonathan Wolff and Avner de-Shalit

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What does it mean to be disadvantaged? Is it possible to compare different disadvantages? What should governments do to move their societies in the direction of equality, where equality is to be ... More


Functionings

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter deepens the discussion of the nature of disadvantage by asking: what categories of functionings exhaust those necessary to construct a full philosophical theory of disadvantage? ... More


Women's Rights as Human Rights

Monique Deveaux

in Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199289790
eISBN:
9780191711022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289790.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers how human rights perspectives understand the gender/culture tension and the kinds of normative and practical solutions that they offer. In addition to discussing writing by ... More


TEACHING COSMOPOLITAN RIGHT

Jeremy Waldron

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Jeremy Waldron’s essay centres around Martha Nussbaum’s ideas on cosmopolitan education: Nussbaum argues that we should make ‘world citizenship, rather than democratic or national citizenship, the ... More


Scenes of Instruction

Peter Dula

in Cavell, Companionship, and Christian Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395037
eISBN:
9780199894451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395037.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Cavell's two greatest influences, Emerson and Wittgenstein, are often considered either to lack a politics or to reinforce a conservative politics. This chapter places Cavell in conversation with ... More


Understanding Sympathy and Sympathetic Understanding

Sophie Ratcliffe

in On Sympathy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239870
eISBN:
9780191716799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter presents an overview of ideas of sympathy and empathy, and their relations with theology, from the late 19th century to the present day. Using The Tempest as a central example, it ... More


Samuel Beckett: ‘humanity in ruins’

Sophie Ratcliffe

in On Sympathy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239870
eISBN:
9780191716799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239870.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter examines Beckett's allusions to The Tempest, shedding light on his views on the idea of sympathy. Opposing Nussbaum's perception of Beckett's writing as a ‘critique of emotion’, Chapter ... More


 Radical Evil and the Narration of Goods

John Wall

in Moral Creativity: Paul Ricoeur and the Poetics of Possibility

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195182569
eISBN:
9780199835737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195182561.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The simplest (but by no means the only) form in which moral life itself requires creativity lies in the self’s teleological narration, alongside others, of the meaning of biological, social, and ... More


Political Affections: Civic Participation and Moral Theology

Joshua Hordern

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646814
eISBN:
9780191744181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646814.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

While political experience is clearly replete with affectivity, the affective dimension of politics has typically been under-conceptualised in political theory. This book considers the nature of ... More


Six. Black World, White Nation: Remapping Political Theory

Lawrie Balfour

in Democracy's Reconstruction: Thinking Politically with W.E.B. Du Bois

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377293
eISBN:
9780199893768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377293.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers how the worldly orientation of Du Bois's political thought might inform political theory as it turns toward the global. The central text in this case is an unlikely one. While ... More


‘Speaking Back’: The Likely Fate of Hate Speech Policy in the United States and Australia 1

Katharine Gelber

in Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199236282
eISBN:
9780191741357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236282.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A central idea within free speech arguments is that the most appropriate response to speech with which one disagrees, or which one finds intolerable, is to speak back. Some scholars have argued there ... More


Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


The Permissibility of Paternalism

Peter de Marneffe

in Liberalism and Prostitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Although some paternalistic government policies are morally wrong, not all are. Even some “hard” paternalistic policies are morally justifiable. This position is consistent with a due respect for ... More


Chaucer: Ambiguity and Ethics

Joshua Landy

in How to Do Things with Fictions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195188561
eISBN:
9780199949458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188561.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

It is often asserted that fictions improve their readers morally, whether (a) by imparting instruction, (b) by eliciting empathy, or (c) by forcibly fine-tuning capacities for navigation through the ... More


Challenging Harmony: Consistency, Conflicts, and the Status Quo

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is organized around challenges from Martha Nussbaum, Karen Stohr, and Diana Myers. Does a commitment to harmony entail an unhealthy desire for consistency and unity in one's life and ... More


The Patient as Victim and Vector View as Critical and Diagnostic Tool

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter explores the implications of the PVV view in two major areas. First, as a philosophic tool, the PVV view can be used to assess and enhance both theoretical and applied ... More


Anger, Gratitude, and Enlightenment Sociability

Patrick Coleman

in Anger, Gratitude, and the Enlightenment Writer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589340
eISBN:
9780191723322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589340.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter examines how entitlements to anger and obligations of gratitude were redefined in eighteenth-century France, a society in which cultural status began to be based on talent rather than ... More


Autonomy‐Denial in Objectification

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

What is objectification? Nussbaum proposes a cluster concept, seven ways to ‘treat’ someone as an ‘object’. Autonomy-denial and instrumentality form the core. This chapter responds, distinguishing ... More


Introduction

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Solipsism involves going on as if you are the only person. Traditionally viewed as a morally neutral problem in epistemology (Descartes), it can also emerge as the morally loaded problem of ... More


The Drama of Ideas: Platonic Provocations in Theater and Philosophy

Martin Puchner

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199730322
eISBN:
9780199852796
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730322.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Drama

Most philosophy has rejected the theater, denouncing it as a place of illusion or moral decay; the theater in turn has rejected philosophy, insisting that drama deals in action, not ideas. ... More


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