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Capitalism’s Victor’s Justice? The Hidden Stories Behind the Prosecution of Industrialists Post-WWII

Grietje Baars

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the trials of industrialists at the US Military Tribunals at Nuremberg for their roles in the Nazis' aggressive wars and the Holocaust. The chapter is organized as follows. ... More


Clinical Trials on Trial

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0052
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Before World War II ended, allied medical experts devised stringent measures to prevent a massive ‘blow up’ of epidemic typhus in Germany. The United States of America Typhus Commission (USATC) ... More


More than Cheap Sentimentality: Victim Testimony at the Nuremberg Trials, the Eichmann Trial, and the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Sonali Chakravarti

in Sing the Rage: Listening to Anger after Mass Violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226119984
eISBN:
9780226120041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226120041.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Eichmann trial, although not without serious shortcomings in procedure, laid the foundation for a new, still unrealized type of transitional justice that has the potential to engage with anger in ... More


From the IMT to the Zonal Trials

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the creation of the OCC, the organization responsible for overseeing the twelve Nuremberg Military Tribunal (NMT) trials. Section 1 discusses the approval of JCS 1023/10, the ... More


Legalism and Its Paradoxes in Judith Shklar’s Work

Seyla Benhabib

in Exile, Statelessness, and Migration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691167251
eISBN:
9780691184234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167251.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins by analyzing Judith Shklar's early book, Legalism. An Essay on Law, Morals and Politics, in which she distinguishes among aspects of legalism as ideology, as creative policy, and ... More


Concluding Remarks

Salvatore Zappalà

in Human Rights in International Criminal Proceedings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258918
eISBN:
9780191718120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258918.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Private International Law

This chapter concludes that human rights protection before international court is, to a large extent, satisfactorily ensured. It discusses that the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials cannot be said to be ... More


Trauma, Memory, and Euthanasia at the Nuremberg Medical Trial, 1946–1947

Etienne Lepicard

in Trauma and Memory: Reading, Healing, and Making Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754057
eISBN:
9780804768122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754057.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter is concerned with the “lapse in memory” during the Nuremberg Medical Trials (NMTs). It presents an interpretation of three major early reports of the trial and their roles in memory ... More


The Philosophical Foundations of Cosmopolitan Norms

Seyla Benhabib

in Another Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183221
eISBN:
9780199851041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183221.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Eichmann trial, much like the Nuremberg trials before it, captured some of the perplexities of the emerging norms of cosmopolitan justice. This chapter discusses that since the United Nations ... More


Witness for the Prosecution: Films at Nuremberg

Leshu Torchin

in Creating the Witness: Documenting Genocide on Film, Video, and the Internet

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816676224
eISBN:
9781452948812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816676224.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the role of cinematic technologies in the performance of international justice, with particular emphasis on three films in the first set of International Military Tribunals ... More


The Search for a Victim-Centered New Justice, 1942–1946: The World Jewish Congress and the Institute of Jewish Affairs 1

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Legal groups devoted to building international criminal law between 1919 and 1939 were rarely concerned with the rights of minorities or what are today called “human rights.” During World War Two, an ... More


Power and Deglobalization: Gustav and Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Harold James

in Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153407
eISBN:
9781400841868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153407.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter debunks the myth that Krupp had been a driving force behind the high-level making of Nazi policy, rather than a participant in a massive web of ideologically driven immorality. It ... More


Legality and Legitimacy of International Criminal Tribunals

Vesselin Popovski

in Legality and Legitimacy in Global Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199781577
eISBN:
9780199932887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781577.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the evolution of international criminal justice, from the earliest known tribunal to the International Criminal Court. It traces arguments supporting and criticizing these ... More


Rebecca West's Palimpsestic Praxis: Crafting the Intermodern Voice of Witness

Debra Rae Cohen

in Intermodernism: Literary Culture in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635092
eISBN:
9780748651924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635092.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter presents another discussion on the intermodern mode, which is also found in Rebecca West's postwar writing. It looks at West's reporting on the Nuremberg Trials and determines that her ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (b) The Outlawing of Genocide

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The origins of the prohibition of genocide under international law date back to the end of World War II and the Nuremberg trial. The idea of the universal opposability of the prohibition of genocide ... More


The Visibility of the Holocaust: Franz Neumann and the Nuremburg Trials

Michael Salter

in Social Theory after the Holocaust

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239659
eISBN:
9781846314087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239659.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter contains an essay by Michael Salter that discusses the new-found interest in the significance of the work of Franz Neuman and his group of research analysts regarding the Nuremberg ... More


Image as Evidence and Mediation: The Experience of the Nuremberg Trials

Christian Delage

in Law and Popular Culture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199272235
eISBN:
9780191699603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272235.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter looks at the history of the widened search for evidence in the Nuremberg Trials to include filmed sources. It suggests that the manner in which the collection, presentation, and the ... More


‘Now, back to our Virchow’:1 German Medical and Political Traditions in Post-war Berlin

Jessica Reinisch

in The Perils of Peace: The Public Health Crisis in Occupied Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199660797
eISBN:
9780191748295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660797.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter brings to light German debates about public health in two very different health institutions based in Berlin. It contrasts the ways in which different sets of German health officers ... More


The Facts of War: Cinematic Intelligence and the Office of Strategic Services

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter tells the story of the OSS Field Photographic Unit (FPU) and its impact on American cinema and society. Led by the legendary Hollywood film director John Ford, the FPU produced training, ... More


Defending Truth: Holocaust Denial in the Twenty-First Century 1

Kenneth Lasson

in Genocide Denials and the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738922
eISBN:
9780199895199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738922.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter is organized as follows. Part I describes the background and nature of Holocaust denial, tracing the Nazis' adoption of a plan for the “Final Solution of the Jewish Problem” through the ... More


Introduction

Valerie Hartouni

in Visualizing Atrocity: Arendt, Evil, and the Optics of Thoughtlessness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738498
eISBN:
9780814738993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738498.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the trial of Adolf Eichmann in 1961, which was an especially important event for a number of reasons. First, it was televised and presented as a ... More


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