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Humanity and Hyper-regulation: From Nuremberg to Helsinki

Onora O'Neill

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Contemporary work on research ethics often points to Nazi inhumanity and abuse of research subjects as a prelude to arguing that research on human subjects requires their fully informed consent. By ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


“Washing the black sheep white again”: Was German neuroscience rehabilitated after the collapse of the Third Reich?

Lawrence A. Zeidman

in Brain Science under the Swastika: Ethical Violations, Resistance, and Victimization of Neuroscientists in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198728634
eISBN:
9780191882951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728634.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

The first postwar period (1945–50) consisted, importantly, of the Nuremberg Medical Trial and formation of the Nuremberg Code for medical ethics. During the initial period most collaborator ... More


The Ethics of Trials

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the ethics of clinical trials. The modern-day code for research on human beings, the Nüremberg Code, grew out of the Nüremberg War Crime trials; it was set forth in 1947. It ... More


Subjects, Participants, and Partners: What Are the Implications for Research as the Role of Informed Consent Evolves?

Alexander Morgan Capron

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Informed consent is usually thought of as the ethical cornerstone of research with human beings yet over the past thirty years a largegap has opened between informed consent as an object of ... More


The Birth and Development of Human Rights for Health

Benjamin Mason Meier, Thérèse Murphy, and Lawrence O. Gostin

in Foundations of Global Health & Human Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197528297
eISBN:
9780197528334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528297.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the historical origins of human rights as a basis for public health. Tracing the idea of rights from philosophical notions of natural rights to human rights under international ... More


The Independent Evolution of Informed Consent to Research

Jessica W. Berg, Paul S. Appelbaum, Charles W. Lidz, and Lisa S. Parker

in Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195126778
eISBN:
9780197561386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195126778.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Medical Ethics

Despite apparent similarities in the issues raised, informed consent in the research setting has evolved quite separately from informed consent to ... More


The ethical challenge of infection-inducing challenge experiments

Christine Grady

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a framework for evaluating the ethical acceptability of infection-inducing challenge experiments. The challenge experiment is an important method that is sometimes used to ... More


Ethics

Alan Weir and Kate Macdougall

in An Introduction to Clinical Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199570072
eISBN:
9780191917868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199570072.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

Ethics, as a whole, aim to create a framework upon which complex issues can be thought about and discussed in a reasoned manner. Medical ethics take these reasoned ... More


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