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German Politics and the Jews: Düsseldorf and Nuremberg, 1910-1933

Anthony Kauders

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206316
eISBN:
9780191677076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206316.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is a scholarly reassessment of the ‘Jewish Question’ in Germany (1910–1933). It challenges the view that, following Hitler's rise to power, anti-Semitism radically increased among the ... More


Crimes Against Humanity

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Action after World War I led to the creation of the League of Nations. During World War II, a War Crimes Commission was set up, which led to the proceedings before the Nuremberg Tribunal. The ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


The Geneva Conventions of 1949

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the systematic review of the Geneva side of the law which issued in the four Geneva Conventions of the summer of 1949. It notes that the review is discreetly orchestrated by ... More


The Contribution of the Courts: Nuremberg, Tokyo, and the Rest

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the contributions of the international Courts in relation to the clarification and development of the law of war with the possible exception of the Nuremberg Principles. It ... More


Humanity and Hyper-regulation: From Nuremberg to Helsinki

Onora O'Neill

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Contemporary work on research ethics often points to Nazi inhumanity and abuse of research subjects as a prelude to arguing that research on human subjects requires their fully informed consent. By ... More


Power and Deglobalization: Gustav and Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Harold James

in Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153407
eISBN:
9781400841868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153407.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter debunks the myth that Krupp had been a driving force behind the high-level making of Nazi policy, rather than a participant in a massive web of ideologically driven immorality. It ... More


Defining a Crime Without a Name

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter details the rapid development of genocide from an academic concept to a substantive international crime. It provides a brief overview of the etymology of the term ‘genocide’ following ... More


Shaping the Trials: The Politics of Trial Policy, 1945–1949

Donald Bloxham

in Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208723
eISBN:
9780191717017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208723.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter studies the prosecution of prominent war criminals within the context of the broader trial policy of the British and Americans. It brings out the distinctly American flavour of the ... More


Conclusions

Donald Bloxham

in Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208723
eISBN:
9780191717017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208723.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It argues that a mixture of structural limitation and judicial assumption characterized the judgement on the Einsatzgruppen leaders and ... More


Legalism and Its Paradoxes in Judith Shklar’s Work

Seyla Benhabib

in Exile, Statelessness, and Migration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691167251
eISBN:
9780691184234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167251.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins by analyzing Judith Shklar's early book, Legalism. An Essay on Law, Morals and Politics, in which she distinguishes among aspects of legalism as ideology, as creative policy, and ... More


The Context and Emergence of Complementarity

Jann K. Kleffner

in Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199238453
eISBN:
9780191716744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238453.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter places complementarity into the broader context of allocating the respective competences of international and domestic courts and tribunals. It traces the emergence of complementarity in ... More


Visualizing Atrocity: Arendt, Evil, and the Optics of Thoughtlessness

Valerie Hartouni

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738498
eISBN:
9780814738993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738498.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This book takes Hannah Arendt's provocative and polarizing account of the 1961 trial of Nazi official Adolf Eichmann as its point of departure for reassessing some of the serviceable myths that have ... More


Genocidal Millennialism: Nazi Paranoia

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter traces the millennial dimensions of Hitler's career and his attempt to inaugurate the Tausendjähriges Reich. It shows how Hitler inserted himself into earlier German messianic traditions ... More


Legality and Legitimacy of International Criminal Tribunals

Vesselin Popovski

in Legality and Legitimacy in Global Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199781577
eISBN:
9780199932887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781577.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the evolution of international criminal justice, from the earliest known tribunal to the International Criminal Court. It traces arguments supporting and criticizing these ... More


The Philosophical Foundations of Cosmopolitan Norms

Seyla Benhabib

in Another Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183221
eISBN:
9780199851041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183221.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Eichmann trial, much like the Nuremberg trials before it, captured some of the perplexities of the emerging norms of cosmopolitan justice. This chapter discusses that since the United Nations ... More


International Prosecutors

Luc Reydams, Jan Wouters, and Cedric Ryngaert (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199554294
eISBN:
9780191751691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554294.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book examines the prosecution as an institution and a function in a dozen international and hybrid criminal tribunals, from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Court. It is the result of a ... More


Introduction

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

Introductory remarks trace the historiography of the German army and occupied France from war crimes trials held immediately after the war to the present. As they adjudicated cases of treason and war ... More


The Prohibition of Propaganda for War in International Law

Michael G. Kearney

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232451
eISBN:
9780191716034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232451.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Drawing on primary materials from the League of Nations to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, this book makes the case for the revitalization of a provision of international law ... More


Congregational Hymnals

Joseph Herl

in Worship Wars in Early Lutheranism Choir, Congregation and Three Centuries of Conflict

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195365849
eISBN:
9780199864263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365849.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In the 16th century hymnals, pamphlets, and broadsheets are best understood in commercial terms: they were books without official status compiled by printers in order to make a profit. If they were ... More


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