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Revolutions and Civil War

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The focus of this chapter is on the complex developments in the North Caucasus during the time of Revolution and Civil War (1917-1921). If the period of the February and October revolutions was ... More


Russia: Russia’s response to terrorism in the twenty-first century

Ekaterina Stepanova

in Non-Western responses to terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526105813
eISBN:
9781526135988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105813.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The chapter explores how, despite earlier counterterrorism failures and two bitter wars in Chechnya, terrorism in Russia has declined in the 2010s. The Islamist-separatist terrorism problem that used ... More


The Frontiers of the North Caucasus

Michael Khodarkovsky

in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter describes Russia's conquest and colonization of North Caucasus. Russia's annexation of the North Caucasus began in earnest in the 1760s with the construction of the Mozdok Fortification ... More


Conquest and Resistance

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides an overview of the most important historical trajectories, covering the period from Russia’s advance towards the Caucasus under Catherine II in the last third of the 18th ... More


The North Caucasus Within the Russian Empire

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces the trajectories in the North Caucasus from the end of the Caucasus wars of conquest in the mid-19th century until the outbreak of revolution in 1917. A detailed treatment of this ... More


Russia and the Peoples of the North Caucasus

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter introduces the North Caucasus region and its peoples. It provides an overview of the state of research and historiographical controversies, presents the lead questions and theoretical ... More


The North Caucasus During Collectivisation

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents the first detailed account of the tragic impact of the collectivization and “de-kulakization” campaign in the North Caucasus based on Soviet archival sources. In 1929-30, under ... More


Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Michael Khodarkovsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Russia's attempt to consolidate its authority in the North Caucasus has exerted a terrible price on both sides since the mid-nineteenth century. This book tells a concise and compelling history of ... More


Illusion of Freedom: Chechnia in the Early 1920s and the Case of Ali Mitaev

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explains developments during the early 1920s, when the Bolsheviks, for the sake of consolidating their still shaky hold on power, were eager to win over the rural populations and ... More


Musa Kundukhov and the Tragedy of Mass Emigration

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with the tragedy of the mass expulsion of the North Caucasian indigenous population in the aftermath of Russian conquest in the mid-1860s. While the causes of the forced emigration ... More


Return to the North Caucasus

Michael Khodarkovsky

in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter details events following Semën Atarshchikov's return to North Caucasus in 1832. Atarshchikov arrived late in the summer and was assigned as a translator to the headquarters of the Mozdok ... More


State and Society

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The focus of this chapter is on the difficult state-society relations in the North Caucasus developing during the 1920s. Despite the Bolsheviks’ disarmament campaigns and the purges of Muslim ... More


Introduction

Michael Khodarkovsky

in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to reconstruct the life of Semën Atarshchikov, a Russian officer of Chechen ancestry. It is a fascinating story of a man who in many ... More


Inside Ermolov’s “Iron Fist”

Michael Khodarkovsky

in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the commander of the Russian troops in the Caucasus, General A. P. Ermolov. Following Russia's military victory over Napoleon and the empire's enhanced role in European ... More


At the Fringes of the Stalinist Mobilising Society: The Path to Deportation

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In order to understand Moscow’s decision to deport the Chechens and other North Caucasians in 1943-4, it is essential to analyze the situation as it presented itself to the Soviet leadership during ... More


Conclusion

Michael Khodarkovsky

in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449727
eISBN:
9780801462894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0012
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This concluding chapter considers the question of why after three centuries of conquest and rule Russia still failed to integrate the North Caucasus into the fabric of its empire-state. Does the ... More


From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Jeronim Perovic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is about a region on the fringes of empire, which neither tsarist Russia, nor the Soviet Union, nor in fact the Russian Federation, ever really managed to control. Starting with the ... More


Precarious Rule and Contested Loyalties

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The concluding chapter presents a brief summary, discussing main arguments and theses in a concise way, and highlights the main findings of this book.


Conformity and Rebellion: The Case of Khasan Israilov

Jeronim Perović

in From Conquest to Deportation: The North Caucasus under Russian Rule

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190889890
eISBN:
9780190942991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889890.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The territory of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR (apart from a small sector at Mozdok) was never occupied by the Germans, and while many of its residents certainly had sympathies with the Germans, there was ... More


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