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Climate Variability Over the North Atlantic

James W. Hurrell and Robert R. Dickson

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter provides a broad review of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and its forcing of the North Atlantic Ocean. Of particular interest is the long, irregular amplification of the ... More


Introduction to the polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with a brief description of the physical characteristics of polar regions, specifically in the Arctic and Antarctic. It then discusses the energy balances of the polar regions, ... More


Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

Geir Ottersen, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and James W. Hurrell

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the Atlantic as a whole and how it is linked to other oceans, before focusing on the main currents and hydrography of the North Atlantic. This ... More


Effects of Climate Variability on Benthic Communities

Jacob Hagberg, Björn G. Tunberg, Gunther Wieking, Ingrid Kröncke, and Andrea Belgrano

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Climatic variability is most likely to have an effect on marine populations and it is important to understand further the synchronicity between climatic oscillations and the life cycle of benthic ... More


The Impacts of ENSO on Terrestrial Ecosystems: A Comparison With NAO

Mauricio Lima and Fabian M. Jaksic

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter aims to cast new light upon the preceding chapters, drawing upon the authors' experience along the western fringe of South America, especially on data gained from Chilean ecosystems. The ... More


Climate change

Kevin E. Trenberth and James W. Hurrell

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The climate is changing from human activities. This has major implications for the future and for human society and ecosystems, including birds. However, it is often masked by natural variability and ... More


A Fresh (Water) Perspective on the Impacts of the NAO on North Atlantic ecology

Dietmar Straile

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

North Atlantic climate variability not only influences North Atlantic ecosystems, but also influences terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems across the Northern Hemisphere. This chapter discusses ... More


Split

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Over the North Atlantic the eddy-driven jet stream finally separates from the subtropical jet, forming a split jet structure. Free from the steady influence of the Hadley cell, the northern jet is ... More


Oxford’s weather in its regional context

Stephen Burt and Tim Burt

in Oxford Weather and Climate since 1767

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198834632
eISBN:
9780191872730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834632.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter places Oxford’s climate in its regional context, including urban weather and ranging in scale from the Thames Valley and south-east England to the influence of the North Atlantic and the ... More


Introductory Overview

Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Timescale is the organizing framework of this volume. In various sections, we consider the effects of climate variability on ecosystems at timescales ranging from weeks or months to centuries. In ... More


Drivers

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter introduces some of the key factors which are suspected to influence the Atlantic jet, and so are potentially predictable drivers of jet variability. This includes factors we have already ... More


Climate and Climatological Variations in the Jornada Basin

John Wainright

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The purpose of this chapter is to review the climatic data for the Jornada Basin over the period for which instrumental records exist. Over this time period, up to 83 years in the case of the ... More


Introductory Overview

David Greenland and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0036
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The timescale structure of this book has served well to keep the attention of investigators focused on specific aspects of climate variability and ecosystem response. Indeed, judging by the ... More


Forcing Climate

Philip Jenkins

in Climate, Catastrophe, and Faith: How Changes in Climate Drive Religious Upheaval

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197506219
eISBN:
9780197506387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506219.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the various factors that drive climate, the “forcings.” These include volcanic eruptions, solar energy (as measured by sunspots), and oceanic changes, especially the El ... More


Data Sets

James B. Elsner and Thomas H. Jagger

in Hurricane Climatology: A Modern Statistical Guide Using R

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199827633
eISBN:
9780197563199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199827633.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Hurricane data originate from careful analysis of past storms by operational meteorologists. The data include estimates of the hurricane position and intensity at 6-hourly intervals. Information ... More


The Archaeology of Global Environmental Change

Carole L. Crumley

in Humans and the Environment: New Archaeological Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590292
eISBN:
9780191917998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590292.003.0028
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Recent, widely recognized changes in the Earth system are, in effect, changes in the coupled human–environment system. We have entered the Anthropocene, when human activity—along with solar ... More


R Tutorial

James B. Elsner and Thomas H. Jagger

in Hurricane Climatology: A Modern Statistical Guide Using R

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199827633
eISBN:
9780197563199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199827633.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

This chapter is a tutorial on using R. To get the most out of it, you should open an R session and type the commands into the console as you read the text. You should be able to use copy-and-paste ... More


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