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Retrospect

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In 1070, when Lanfranc left his abbacy at Caen to become Archbishop of Canterbury, he was probably about 60 years old — by medieval standards an advanced age. In Lombardy, and then in Normandy, he ... More


Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc of Pavia was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1070 to 1089, and so for nineteen critical years in the history of the Anglo-Norman church and kingdom after the Norman conquest of 1066. He came ... More


External Concerns

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

As Archbishop of Canterbury, Lanfranc was the ecclesiastical head of an English church that consisted of the provinces of Canterbury and York; he claimed a primacy over the British Isles that ... More


Service Outside the Cloister, c.1042–1070

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

William II, Duke of Normandy, succeeded to the Duchy of Normandy in 1035 as a boy aged only some 7 years. Some features of the Norman church under Duke William are particularly relevant when ... More


The Spread of the Organized Peace

ALAN HARDING

in Medieval Law and the Foundations of the State

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198219583
eISBN:
9780191717574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219583.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The bishops of disintegrating Francia summoned their people to swear on sacred relics to maintain the peace. The masterful rule of the Dukes of Normandy and after 1066 Kings of England is a prime ... More


Introduction

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Hostility dominated the relations between the Normans and the English during the Middle Ages. Peace between the two ethnic groups proved unattainable, and the animosity lingered well into the 12th ... More


English Identity Before the Norman Conquest

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter presents a brief overview of Englishness and of ethnic interaction before the Norman conquest of 1066 to understand the fate of that identity and the nature of relations between English ... More


Normanitas

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Both before and after 1066, a strong sense of ethnic identity existed in Normandy, at least among the elites. To untangle the course of ethnic relations after the conquest, this chapter examines the ... More


Ethnic Identity and Cultural Difference

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In the late 11th century, English society was permeated by an awareness of ethnic difference, and of the contrast between English and Normans. Most strikingly, awareness of ethnic difference spread ... More


A Chronology of Identity

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Although cultural assimilation and the re-emergence of a dominant English identity were closely related, they were separate processes, with somewhat different dynamics. The shift in ethnic identity ... More


Ideology, Prejudice, and Assimilation

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter discusses attitudes towards ethnicity and cultural assimilation in medieval England following its conquest by Normandy, arguing that there was a loose bias towards ethnic concord and ... More


The Interaction of English and Normans: Methodological Considerations

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Assimilation and the construction and maintenance of ethnic identities are social processes, and one must not lose sight of the fact that individual humans are the driving force behind them. ... More


The Aristocracy

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In Anglo-Norman society, the landed aristocracy channelled a disproportionate amount of influence to the great rural landholders, who possessed extensive military, economic, and political power. As a ... More


English Women and Norman Men

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Women of both Norman and English ethnicity and of all social levels played a crucial part in the process of cultural assimilation. Their role in the integration of the public sphere was of course ... More


The Peasants and the Middling Sort

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Common people, most of who lived in the countryside, played a significant role in cultural assimilation between the Normans and the English during the medieval period. This chapter examines the ... More


The Defence of English Honour

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In an article published in 1973, R. W. Southern argued that a key inspiration for the burst of historical writing in England in the aftermath of the Norman conquest was the desire to cope with the ... More


The Problem of Interregnum

George Garnett

in Conquered England: Kingship, Succession, and Tenure 1066-1166

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198207931
eISBN:
9780191716775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207931.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter explores a paradox: that the elaborate and meticulous application of William the Conqueror's claim in England was a chaotic instability in royal succession thereafter. Each royal ... More


The Anarchy of King Stephen's Reign

Edmund King (ed.)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203643
eISBN:
9780191675928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203643.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The reign of King Stephen (1135–54) is famous as a period of weak government, as Stephen and his rival the Empress Matilda contended for power. This is a study of medieval kingship at its most ... More


Madame Bovary

Mary Orr

in Flaubert: Writing the Masculine

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159698
eISBN:
9780191673672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159698.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Flaubert's Normandy novel is much more than an exploration of those customs and reactionary agrarian mores of society which are suggested by its provincialism. Its international and universal ... More


War Tourism: Second World War France from Defeat and Occupation to the Creation of Heritage

Bertram M. Gordon

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501715877
eISBN:
9781501715891
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715877.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Second World War tourism in France includes two main components: tourism by the Germans and French during the war and memory tourism to war sites thereafter. Contrary to what is often assumed, ... More


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