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From Persecution to Toleration: The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England

Ole Peter Grell, Jonathan I. Israel, and Nicholas Tyacke (eds)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201960
eISBN:
9780191675102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201960.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

This book examines the importance of the Glorious Revolution and the passing of the Toleration Act to the development of religious and intellectual freedom in England. Most historians have considered ... More


Gladstone Centenary Essays

David Bebbington and Roger Swift (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239253
eISBN:
9781846313202
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313202
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

W. E. Gladstone towers over the politics of the nineteenth century. He is known for his policies of financial rectitude, his campaigns to settle the Irish question, and his championship of the rights ... More


For God and Nation: Protestantism in the Colonial Caribbean

Ennis B. Edmonds and Michelle A. Gonzalez

in Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814722343
eISBN:
9780814722848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814722343.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter focuses on Protestantism in the Caribbean from the beginning of the northern European challenge to the Spanish monopoly in the region. When the Protestant nations of Great Britain and ... More


‘Parliamentary Government’ and its Critics: 1832–1867

Angus Hawkins

in Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart and Mind'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198728481
eISBN:
9780191795336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728481.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

With ‘parliamentary government’ after 1832 executive authority became seen as dependent upon party support in the Commons. This safeguarded parliamentary sovereignty from the Royal prerogative and ... More


The Deathbed Piety of Victorian Evangelical Nonconformists

D. W. Bebbington

in Heart Religion: Evangelical Piety in England & Ireland, 1690–1850

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198724155
eISBN:
9780191791963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724155.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chapter examines how evangelical Nonconformists during the Victorian period, Wesleyans, Congregationalists, and Baptists, approached the frontier between this life and the afterlife. Bible and ... More


‘Conversion is not necessary to regeneration’: The Failure of Recruitment

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

The hold which the Christian denominations of England and Wales, and the Nonconformist denominations in particular, had over the peoples of those countries went into irreversible decline in the 1880s ... More


Nonconformity’s Shrinking Consituency: The Evidence of the Dissenting Registers

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes how the final quarter of the nineteenth century witnessed not only the decline in membership of Nonconformist churches and attendances, but also the first indications that the ... More


‘Influential families … lost to nonconformity’: The Flight of the Bougeoisie

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes how wealthy Dissenters left Nonconformity for the Church of England in the second half of the nineteenth century. It also details how churches responded to the upward social ... More


The Failure of Success: The Loss of the Poor

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes how Nonconformity was losing its contact with the poorer sections of society. While the Nonconformist registers indicate that in the first four decades of the nineteenth ... More


‘Diversity of opinion … no bar to Christian communion’: The Relaxation of Discipline

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses how in the second half of the nineteenth century, Nonconformist denominations began to make it easier to join their churches. They also dispensed with the strict rules of ... More


‘A liberal education’: Culture without Anarchy

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter analyses Matthew Arnold's views about Nonconformists, as expressed in his famous attack on Dissent, Culture and Anarchy (1869). Arnold claimed that the world was divided into Hellenists ... More


‘Winning souls’ or ‘unlimited speculation’?: Colleges and Universities

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0021
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the impact of education on the Dissenters. Education could directly undermine religious faith or damage it indirectly by providing an alternative avenue for intellectual ... More


‘A torrent of gin and beer’: The Nonconformist Revolt and Liberal Defeat

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0026
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes how the Education Act provoked a Nonconformist revolt in which Dissenters tried to use the new political influence bestowed on them by the 1867 Reform Act to force the Liberal ... More


‘The right of the people to judge for themselves’: Bulgaria and Ireland

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0027
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter first describes the insurrection that arose in Bulgaria the late nineteenth century, which led to the massacre of Bulgarian Christians by Turkish troops. That such outrages could be ... More


‘A mutual benefit association’: Trade Unionists and Employers

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0028
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the close ties between Dissent, organized labour, and Liberalism. Their leaders shared a common belief in the virtues of hard work, independence, self-reliance, and personal ... More


‘To reconstruct the existing organization of society’: From Philanthropy to Christian Socialism and the New Liberalism

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0030
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the expansion of Nonconformist philanthropy in the second half of the nineteenth century. These activities were partly attributed to the growing problem of urban destitution; ... More


‘A most astonishing opening, furnished by the providence of God’: Imperialism and the Missionary Conscience

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0031
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the expansion of the British Empire in the second half of the nineteenth century and the growth of Nonconformist missions. Evangelical Nonconformists considered it their prime ... More


‘The thunder of British guns’: Armenia and the Boer War

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0032
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the views of Nonconformists towards foreign policy. Their sympathy for oppressed peoples abroad, clashed with their belief in the need to preserve Britain's imperial power — a ... More


‘The ground on which Rational Christianity may firmly take its stand’: Higher Criticism and the Unitarians

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the historical criticism of the Bible in the mid-nineteenth century. Orthodox Dissenters initially felt that the foundations of their faith were threatened to a much greater ... More


‘An inspired communication from the Deity … Or … Nothing’: The Dilemma of Evangelical Dissenters

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes the devastating impact of radical biblical scholarship on orthodox Nonconformists, the vast majority of whose faith was founded on the assumption that the Scriptures were ... More


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