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From Niches to Distributions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the conceptual bases for the discrepancy between species’ potential geographic distributional areas and their occupied distributional areas, focusing on the case of conditions ... More


(Quietly) Noisy Images: Sonic Landscapes, Audiotape and ‘the New Musicality’

Matilde Nardelli

in Antonioni and the Aesthetics of Impurity: Remaking the Image in the 1960s

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474444040
eISBN:
9781474490573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444040.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores the relation between sound and image in Antonioni’s films of the 1960s. It considers how the ostensibly quieter films of the 1960s – in which dialogue becomes sparser and from ... More


On Not Listening to Modernism

Julian Murphet

in Sounding Modernism: Rhythm and Sonic Mediation in Modern Literature and Film

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474416368
eISBN:
9781474434591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474416368.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Around the beginning of the twentieth century, there emerged an increasingly prevalent literary trope of a sound that cannot (or should not) be heard. This trope had its correlates in contemporary ... More


An Audible World

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The chapter opens by contrasting the human capacities for audition as opposed to vision, and the qualities conveyed by sound as opposed to those by light. Despite the general acceptance of wave ... More


Taking Advantage of the Archaeological Record

Charles Perreault

in The Quality of the Archaeological Record

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630823
eISBN:
9780226631011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226631011.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

A research program that takes full advantage of the quality of the archaeological record eliminates the study of most microscale processes — those that are observed within a human lifetime and that ... More


Electromagnetic Theory

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics Simplified

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842859
eISBN:
9780191878770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842859.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of light is described by Maxwell’s Equationsand they provide information about the fundamental properties of light. The wave equation is contained within Maxwell’s equations and proof is ... More


The Erotics of Artificiality

Yetta Howard

in Ugly Differences: Queer Female Sexuality in the Underground

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780252041884
eISBN:
9780252050572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041884.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter theorizes the figure of the mannequin and noise as modes of erotic investment in artificiality and unnaturalness. Routing sexual libertinism through the body of difference, ugliness is ... More


Cacography or Communication?: Cultural Techniques of Sign-Signal Distinction

Bernhard Siegert

in Cultural Techniques: Grids, Filters, Doors, and Other Articulations of the Real

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823263752
eISBN:
9780823268962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263752.003.0002
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

Drawing on Serres’ concept of the parasite and its point of departure in the history of linguistics and mathematical theory of communication, the chapter develops a concept of Cultural Techniques as ... More


Sound and Safe: A History of Listening Behind the Wheel

Karin Bijsterveld, Eefje Cleophas, Stefan Krebs, and Gijs Mom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199925698
eISBN:
9780199350155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925698.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Psychology of Music

Do you enjoy listening to music while driving your car? Do you find radio traffic information indispensable? Do you appreciate the moments in between work and home in which you can listen to or sing ... More


Air Pressure: a sound film

Angus Carlyle and Rupert Cox

in Beyond text?: Critical practices and sensory anthropology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719085055
eISBN:
9781526109958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085055.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This film is one outcome of a collaborative project focusing on the acoustic environment of one of the two remaining farms, located at the end of Runway B of Japan’s Narita airport, owned and worked ... More


Communication (Part I): Information and Noise in the Age of Social Media

Thomas Swann

in Anarchist Cybernetics: Control and Communication in Radical Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529208788
eISBN:
9781529208832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529208788.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter Six focuses on communication practices and social media, examining how the concept of noise features in how cybernetics understands communication and information. The chapter considers how ... More


Subchronic In Vivo Human Microelectrode Recording

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Progress in neurosurgical procedures and equipment, such as the adaptation of clinical intracerebral electrodes with microelectrodes combined with multi-channel wide bandwidth recording systems, has ... More


Information Processing: From Molecules to Molecular Circuits

Peter Sterling

in Principles of Neural Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter defines information with intuitive reasoning and simple equations. It then explains how information is transmitted by a protein molecule and also how the amount transmitted depends on ... More


Introduction: Fiction in the God Gap

Christopher Douglas

in If God Meant to Interfere: American Literature and the Rise of the Christian Right

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702112
eISBN:
9781501703539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702112.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This introductory chapter presents the end of Don DeLillo's White Noise. The protagonist, Jack Gladney seeks assurance from an elderly nun about the faith of others while being treated in a Catholic ... More


“Like a Boxed Calf in a Traffic Drain”

Karin Bijsterveld, Eefje Cleophas, Stefan Krebs, and Gijs Mom

in Sound and Safe: A History of Listening Behind the Wheel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199925698
eISBN:
9780199350155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925698.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Psychology of Music

Chapter four shows how from the 1970s onwards not only the driver became encapsulated, but the car itself. In response to national and international regulation that limited the maximum noise levels ... More


Modernity as Crisis: Noise and “Nerves”

James G. Mansell

in The Age of Noise in Britain: Hearing Modernity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040672
eISBN:
9780252099113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040672.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter introduces the main organization that promoted noise abatement in early twentieth-century Britain, the Anti-Noise League led by Thomas Horder, as well as the rise of self-help advice for ... More


Re-Enchanting Modernity: Techniques of Magical Sound

James G. Mansell

in The Age of Noise in Britain: Hearing Modernity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040672
eISBN:
9780252099113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040672.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter inserts an interruption into the story usually told about sound control in modernity, arguing that scientific and secular rationalisms were not the only forces shaping responses to the ... More


National Acoustics: Total Listening in the Second World War

James G. Mansell

in The Age of Noise in Britain: Hearing Modernity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040672
eISBN:
9780252099113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040672.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes the case study of the Second World War to trace the progress of the various “ways of hearing” outlined so far in the book. The chapter focusses on national sounds and national ... More


Cortical attractor dynamics and connectivity, stochasticity, psychiatric disorders, and aging

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In this chapter we consider how the operation of attractor networks in the brain is influenced by noise in the brain produced by the random firing times of neurons for a given mean firing rate; how ... More


‘The earth died screaming’: Tom Waits’s Bone Machine

Steen Christiansen

in Monstrous media/spectral subjects: Imaging gothic fictions from the nineteenth century to the present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719089770
eISBN:
9781781708651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089770.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Tom Waits's album Bone Machine (1992) sounds like an apocalyptic vision, the clattering of percussion like a dance of skeletons, Waits's gravelly voice a necromancer conjuring America's ghosts of ... More


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