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Natural Law in Rabbinic Sources?

Christine Hayes

in What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165196
eISBN:
9781400866410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165196.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The first part of this chapter considers rabbinic sources against the backdrop of Second Temple Jewish and early Christian sources on the following question: was there a law before the Mosaic Law ... More


The Doctrine of the Noahide Laws

David Novak

in Jewish-Christian Dialogue: A Jewish Justification

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072730
eISBN:
9780199853410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072730.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the concept of Noahide law as a border concept that reconciles Judaism and the non-Jewish world. The Noahide (“son of Noah”) is a description of the gentile who deals with ... More


The Origins of the Noahide Laws

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter traces the origins of the Noahide laws in the history of Judaism. Earlier scholars located its origins variously: in the Bible, among Hittite legal scholars, and during the Maccabean ... More


Maimonides’ Theory of Noahide Law

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes Maimonides' theory of Noahide law. According to Maimonides, Noahide law is binding prior to its acceptance. It is written into the human constitution and exists before any ... More


Albo’s Theory of Noahide Law

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores Joseph Albo's theory of Noahide law. The great fifteenth-century theologian Joseph Albo considered Noahide law to be a category of divine law. He divided law per se into three ... More


Chapter Summaries

Matthew Lagrone

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides summaries for each of the chapters in this book. The first chapter traces the origins of the Noahide laws, which were considered obligatory for all time, and would be the ... More


The Law of Adjudication

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the law of adjudication. The rabbinic tradition presents two divergent positions on the nature of the law of adjudication. The first position, articulated most fully by ... More


Aggadic Speculation

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses how the rabbis used the creative resources of theological inference to discover how the tradition charted universal moral law. This charting is particularly common when it ... More


Afterword

Matthew Lagrone

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This afterword addresses some of the larger concerns of this book. In particular, it considers the philosophical underpinnings of natural law and their relationship to Noahide law, as well as the use ... More


Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

David Novak

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Throughout history the image of the non-Jew in Judaism has profoundly influenced the way in which Jews interact with non-Jews. It has also shaped the understanding that Jews have of their own ... More


The Law of Robbery

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the prohibition of robbery, which is based on the principle that society is necessary for human flourishing. And a central element of the construction of any human society is ... More


Moses Mendelssohn and his School

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter illustrates how Moses Mendelssohn, the first truly modern Jewish philosopher, tendered a philosophically rich interpretation of the Noahide laws, one at great variance with the ... More


Hermann Cohen and the Jewish Neo-Kantians

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter reviews Hermann Cohen's presentation of the Noahide laws. Cohen desired to show that Jews in late nineteenth-century European (and especially German) society could be and were in fact ... More


Late Medieval Developments

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies how, following Maimonides and Albo, several other prominent Jewish thinkers reflected on the role of Noahide law both within Judaism internally and in relation to gentiles ... More


The Law of Sexual Relations

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates how Noahide law forbids several types of sexual relations, including incest, homosexuality, and bestiality. Regarding attitudes towards incest, few differences can be found ... More


The Law of the Torn Limb

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the prohibition against tearing a limb from a living animal, which is explicit in Scripture, and the only one of the seven Noahide laws to be found immediately in the Torah. ... More


Natural Law and Judaism

David Novak

in Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198706601
eISBN:
9780191778469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706601.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Judaism

The idea of natural law, when employed by a revelation-based religion like Judaism, proposes that there are certain basic moral norms that oblige all human persons, and that these norms are known ... More


Normativity and Inclusivity in Modernity: The Role and Limits of the Noahide Laws

Clémence Boulouque

in Another Modernity: Elia Benamozegh's Jewish Universalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781503612006
eISBN:
9781503613119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503612006.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Chapter 7 turns to Benamozegh’s interpretation of the Noahide Laws, central to his system. Based on rational revelation but with edicts resembling natural law, they convey both internal and external ... More


Holy War in Maimonidean Law

Gerald J. Blidstein

in Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100714
eISBN:
9781800340404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100714.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores Maimonides’ discussion of the justification and function of war. Maimonides provides for universal holy war and constructs its ideological basis. Holy war, moreover, is the only ... More


Conclusion

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains why Noahide law is an appropriate starting point for Jewish philosophy today. Most philosophical reflections on Judaism have not only avoided Noahide law as a starting point, ... More


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