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 Reason and Authority in the Middle Ages: The Latin West and Islam

Edward Grant

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientific values embodied in Aristotle’s natural philosophy and the civic virtues embedded in his practical sciences (ethics and politics), were used to improve the quality of government in the 14th ... More


Concepts of Space in the Fourteenth Century: Works of Nicole Oresme and Selected Earlier Work for Comparison

Edith Dudley Sylla

in Space: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199914104
eISBN:
9780190090579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199914104.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

Spatium or “space” was not a technical term of late medieval natural philosophy. Instead, scholastic Aristotelians took locus or “place” as the relevant physical concept. The major topics to be ... More


The Dream of Oresme

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

As the leading natural philosopher of the fourteenth century, Nicole Oresme’s references to music show its continuing importance as part of the quadrivium; his arguments concerning geocentric ... More


Entia Successiva

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes the scholastic distinction between permanent and successive entities. Permanent entities in some sense exist all at once, whenever they exist, whereas successive entities exist ... More


Identity over Time

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at a range of scholastic attempts to account for the identity of objects through time. The most straightforward sort of Aristotelian solution, in terms of persistence of form, is ... More


Real Qualities

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins a series of five chapters on the nature of qualities as accidents. The focus here is on the scholastic consensus that there are real accidents, over and above substances. The ... More


The Enduring Interim

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the basic economic life in the Middle Ages, noting the absence of trade or a market during the period. It first considers the legacy of the Romans with respect to economic and ... More


Naturalist Tendencies in Medieval Science

Michael H. Shank

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter argues that the masters of arts in the new universities institutionalized approaches akin to methodological naturalism in the populous medieval faculties of arts. Explanations of natural ... More


Big Form: Trevisa’s Vernacular Megagenre

Emily Steiner

in John Trevisa's Information Age: Knowledge and the Pursuit of Literature, c. 1400

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780192896902
eISBN:
9780191919183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896902.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter argues that John Trevisa’s major contribution to English literature was creating a vernacular supercompendium or megagenre. In creating a vernacular megagenre he made a claim for English ... More


Modern Toleration through a Medieval Lens: A “Judgmental” View

Cary J. Nederman

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 4

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198786368
eISBN:
9780191831331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786368.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Authors from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries defended recognizable principles of toleration (primarily religious, but also social and cultural, in orientation). Some scholars have objected ... More


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