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The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

in Russian Identities: A Historical Survey

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156508
eISBN:
9780199868230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter views the reign of Nicholas I as a period of continuation and change of his older brother's (Alexander I) reign. It discusses that his reorganization of state peasants can be considered ... More


The Pentarchy: Theory and Reality in the Ninth Century

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the fate of both the theory and reality of pentarchy from the 640s until the 880s, a period that links the Arab conquests of the Near East with the Eighth Ecumenical Council. ... More


Leo VI's Dilemma: Nicholas Mysticus and Euthymius (886–925)

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Covers the complexities of the marriage problems of Emperor Leo VI (886–912), who much against the canonical rulings of the Orthodox Church was allowed to marry four times in order to legitimize his ... More


War Planning and Diplomacy, 1819–1828

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter covers the search for strategy, the Greek question in the period of Congress diplomacy from 1822 to 1825, the accession of Nicholas I and the drift to war. The previous research was ... More


Military and Diplomatic Developments, 1830–1833: Preserving the Ottoman Empire and Countering the British Threat

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter outlines the strategic implications of Russia's support of the Porte during the Mohammed Ali crisis and, following the formation of an anti-Russian Anglo-French coalition, Nicholas l's ... More


Introduction

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book aims to examine the role of the Russian army, government, and society in the Russo-Turkish and Russo-Persian military and diplomatic struggle in the Near East — the Balkans, Caucasus and ... More


A Pyrrhic Victory: The Russian Empire in 1848

David Saunders

in The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Nicholas I positively welcomed the prospect of chaos in western and central Europe. He had invaded the Danubian principalities in 1848 and Hungary in 1849, and was holding the ring between Austria ... More


The Patriarchate 925–1025: The Predominance of Constantinople

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of the patriarchate of the Orthodox Church in the period 925–1025, following the death of Patriarch Nicholas I Mysticus in 925, which emphasizes the predominance of Constantinople ... More


Ton's Cathedral

Konstantin Akinsha, Grigorij Kozlov, and Sylvia Hochfield

in The Holy Place: Architecture, Ideology, and History in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110272
eISBN:
9780300144970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110272.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter chronicles the events after Alexander I's death, when Nicholas I reigned over Russia. It discusses how Nicholas established a special Artistic Committee whose task was to answer one ... More


Upper Class Protest—Press Attacks on the Tax Farm

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When Nicholas I died in February 1835, he left a world that still belonged to Nikolai Gogol. Much in this world still smacked of Muscovy, not least its taverns, its distilleries, and its vodka ... More


The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia: Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841–1855

Thomas Marsden

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746362
eISBN:
9780191808920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746362.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

This book is about an unprecedented attempt by the government of Russia’s tsar Nicholas I (1825–55) to eradicate what was seen as one of the greatest threats to its political security: the religious ... More


Introduction: Hincmar’s world

Rachel Stone

in Hincmar of Rheims: Life and work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719091407
eISBN:
9781781708453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091407.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The many works written by Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims are inextricably intertwined with his own life history. Hincmar did not write in a vacuum but in response to events, attempting through these to ... More


Enlightened Metropolis: Constructing Imperial Moscow, 1762-1855

Alexander M. Martin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199605781
eISBN:
9780191750649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605781.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

It is a cliché that tsarist Russia had two rival capitals: St Petersburg, Russia’s ”window to Europe” and Moscow, the tradition-bound metropolis of the Orthodox heartland. Enlightened Metropolis ... More


Memoirs of a Grandmother: Scenes from the Cultural History of the Jews of Russia in the Nineteenth Century, Volume One

Pauline Wengeroff

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804768795
eISBN:
9780804775045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768795.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Pauline Wengeroff, the only nineteenth-century Russian Jewish woman to publish a memoir, sets out to illuminate the “cultural history of the Jews of Russia” in the period of Jewish “enlightenment,” ... More


Introduction

Thomas Marsden

in The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia: Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841–1855

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746362
eISBN:
9780191808920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746362.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

The introduction looks at the history of the Russian Orthodox schism, and the different means by which the tsarist government confronted the dissenting Old Believers since their appearance in the ... More


The Beginning of the Era of Enlightenment

in Memoirs of a Grandmother: Scenes from the Cultural History of the Jews of Russia in the Nineteenth Century, Volume One

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804768795
eISBN:
9780804775045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768795.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In this section, Pauline Wengeroff reflects on the late 1830s, a significant time for the Jews of Lithuania from a cultural perspective and the beginning of enlightenment. It was the time when the ... More


In the New City

in Memoirs of a Grandmother: Scenes from the Cultural History of the Jews of Russia in the Nineteenth Century, Volume One

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804768795
eISBN:
9780804775045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768795.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In this section, Pauline Wengeroff recalls the time Tsar Nicholas I of Russia arrived in Brest, together with the crown prince Alexander II, to announce his plan to convert the old Lithuanian city ... More


Resisting Heresy unto Death in the 860s

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk’s activities continued during the 860s until his death, combining resistance to Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims’ authority with his self-representation as one of the elect even after the ... More


Mobilizing the Home Front

Mara Kozelsky

in Crimea in War and Transformation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190644710
eISBN:
9780190644741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644710.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Crimea was a home front before it was a war zone. With a focus on the implementation of martial law in Crimea, chapter 1 covers the period from mobilization in 1852 through the eve of the Allied ... More


The Offensive Against the Capitalist-Fanatics

Thomas Marsden

in The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia: Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841–1855

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746362
eISBN:
9780191808920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746362.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

The Old Believers are famed for their prominence in trade and industry; Chapter 7 demonstrates the relationship of Bibikov’s system to this prominence. It explores the most notorious aspect of his ... More


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