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The ‘Arianism’ of the ‘Eusebians’

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter assesses Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ as ‘Arian’. After a brief introduction to Athanasius’ highly polarized heresiological polemic, it traces Athanasius’ construction of ... More


Nicaea

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the evidence for membership of the two alliances which squared up against one another before Nicaea, including the names and numbers on both sides, and the degree to which ... More


Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Carl Beckwith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Hilary of Poitiers (c300–368), who was instrumental in shaping the development of pro-Nicene theology in the West, combined two separate works, a treatise on faith (De Fide) and a treatise against ... More


The Gospel in Ancient Christian Churches

Ted A. Campbell

in The Gospel in Christian Traditions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370638
eISBN:
9780199870738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370638.003.003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the ways in which the gospel message was transmitted in ancient Christian churches that survive today, specifically, the Catholic (or “Roman Catholic”) Church, Eastern Orthodox ... More


Rome and Serdica

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the moves toward a second Ecumenical Council in the years after the second depositions of Athanasius and Marcellus. Constantius’ brother, Constans, is presented as a central ... More


Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Maurice Wiles

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Arianism is a fourth‐century heresy, which affirmed Christ to be divine, but not in the same full sense in which God the Father is divine. Traditional Trinitarianism, with its classical expression in ... More


The Idea of Nicaea in the Two Councils of Ephesus (431)

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter begins by arguing that the debate between Nestorius and Cyril (428–31) was characterized by a deep concern for the authentic interpretation of the Nicene Creed. As the controversy grew, ... More


The Gospel and the Ecumenical Movement

Ted A. Campbell

in The Gospel in Christian Traditions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370638
eISBN:
9780199870738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370638.003.006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 5 explores how the gospel message has been received and affirmed in the ecumenical movement, the movement from the twentieth century that has sought the “visible unity” of Christian churches. ... More


Theological Definitions

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Christian doctrinal definitions (e.g., creeds) try to state doctrines in as precise a way as possible, using words — as far as possible — in literal senses. But they incorporate presuppositions which ... More


The Council of Nicaea and Its Early Reception

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter sets the scene for the various appeals to Nicaea during the Nestorian controversy, by analysing the nature of Nicaea’s earlier reception. It begins by examining the Council of Nicaea ... More


Trinitarian Debates from Nicaea (325) to Sirmium (351)

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the Trinitarian debates from the Council of Nicaea (325) to the synod of Sirmium (351) and the emergence of the creed from Nicaea in the West as a standard of orthodoxy.


Epilogue

Maurice Wiles

in Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Poses a question that the preceding historical survey raises for contemporary faith. Orthodox Trinitarianism, and the Nicene Creed in which it finds classical expression, were hammered out in the ... More


Situating Victorinus' Commentaries on Paul

Stephen Andrew Cooper

in Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780198270270
eISBN:
9780191603396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270275.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter surveys the various hypotheses suggested by scholars for establishing Victorinus’ motivations for commenting on the Pauline corpus. Reader-response criticism is employed to elucidate ... More


Canonical Division Between East and West

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The long, drawn‐out‐division between Eastern and Western Christianity, the Great Schism, arose, in part, because of the addition of the filioque clause to the Nicene Creed. In and around this, the ... More


Rereading the Council of Nicaea and Its Creed

Lincoln H. Blumell

in Standing Apart: Mormon Historical Consciousness and the Concept of Apostasy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199348138
eISBN:
9780199376735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348138.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter contextualizes the production of the Nicene Creed by examining the primary documentary sources of the Council of Nicaea. LDS members have often cited the Nicene Creed as evidence of ... More


The Idea of Nicaea at Chalcedon (451)

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The emperor Marcian sought at Chalcedon to solve the problem of Nicaea’s reception once and for all, by presenting his oecumenical council as not only the repetition, but also the completion, of ... More


Implications for Theology; Christianity in a Nutshell

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that theology needs a new language. It adduces quotes from various recent publications that show that after two millennia the meaning of Jesus’ words has become for many people in ... More


Ambrose 1

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0040
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Considers Ambrose, bishop of Milan in the late fourth century, as a major figure in the differentiation between the Latin west and the Greek east and the establishment of orthodoxy as defined by the ... More


The Life and Times of Marius Victorinus

Stephen Andrew Cooper

in Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780198270270
eISBN:
9780191603396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270275.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the ancient testimonia to Victorinus, and reconstructs a probable vita of Victorinus. A professor of rhetoric at Rome who authored important school-treatises, and a translator ... More


Conclusion

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter begins by summarizing the key conclusions that have arisen in the course of the work, and then goes on to offer some wider theological reflections on the implications of the study for ... More


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